International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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2016 | July-September | Volume 9 | Issue 3

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Milan Swadas, Soham M Vyas, Nupur Shah

Evaluation and Comparison of the Antibacterial Activity against Streptococcus mutans of Grape Seed Extract at Different Concentrations with Chlorhexidine Gluconate: An in vitro Study

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:181 - 185]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1360  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Streptococcus mutans has been implicated as primary microorganisms which cause dental caries in humans. There has been an increased interest in the therapeutic properties of some medicinal plants and natural compounds which have demonstrated antibacterial activities. Grape is one of the plants of this group which contains tannin and polyphenolic compound. Aim: To evaluate and compare antibacterial activity of grape seed extract at different concentrations with chlorhexidine gluconate against S. mutans. Materials and methods: Grape seeds were extracted with ethanol/water ratio of 70:30 volume/volume. The extracts were filtered through Whatman No. 1 filter paper until it becomes colorless. Streptococcus mutans strains were taken. To check the antimicrobial properties of grape seed extract at different concentration and chlorhexidine gluconate, they were added to S. mutans strain and incubated for 48 hours than colony-forming units/mL were checked. Results: Grape seed extract at higher concentration were found to be more potent against S. mutans. Chlorhexidine gluconate was found to have most potent antibacterial action compared to all different concentrations of grape seed extract. Conclusion: Grape seed extract as a natural antimicrobial compound has inhibitory effect against S. mutans.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Ashna Kapoor, Divesh Sardana

Comparative Evaluation of Remineralizing Potential of Three Pediatric Dentifrices

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:186 - 191]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1361  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Dentifrices are available in different formulations and more commonly a single dentifrice is used by whole family; be it an adult or child. However, concerns over high fluoride in pediatric formulations coupled with inability of the children to spit have led to recommendations to minimize fluoride ingestion during toothbrushing by using a small amount of toothpaste by children and incorporating minimal quantity of fluoride in the toothpastes. Literature is scarce on the remineralization potential of popularly known Indian pediatric dentifrices; hence, pediatric dentifrices containing lesser concentration of fluoride have been marketed relatively recently for the benefit of children without posing a threat of chronic fluoride toxicity at the same time. Aim and objectives: The present study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the remineralization potential of three commercially available Indian pediatric dentifrices with different compositions on artificially induced carious lesions in vitro through scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Materials and methods: The present in vitro study was conducted on 45 sound extracted primary molar surfaces divided into three groups (15 each). Artificial demineralization was carried out, followed by remineralization using dentifrice slurry as per the group allocation. All the samples were studied for remineralization using SEM and the results statistically compared. Results: All three dentifrices tested showed remineralization; although insignificantly different from each other but significantly higher compared to the demineralizing surface. Conclusion: One can use pediatric dentifrices for preventing dental caries and decelerating lesion progression with an added advantage of lower fluoride toxicity risk.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Gurleen K Sibal

Comparative Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength of Various Glass Ionomer Cements to Dentin of Primary Teeth: An in vitro Study

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:192 - 196]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1362  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate and compare shear bond strength of various glass ionomer cements (GICs) to dentin of primary teeth. Materials and methods: Sample size taken for the study was 72 deciduous molars with intact buccal or lingual surfaces. Samples were randomly divided into three groups, i.e., groups A, B, and C and were restored with conventional type II GIC, type II light cure (LC) GIC, and type IX GIC respectively. Thermocycling was done to simulate oral conditions. After 24 hours, shear bond strength was determined using Instron Universal testing Machine at crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/ minute until fracture. Results were tabulated and statistically analyzed. Results: It was found that the shear bond strength was highest in group B (LC GIC) 9.851 ± 1.620 MPa, followed by group C (type IX GIC) 7.226 ± 0.877 MPa, and was lowest in group A (conventional GIC) 4.931 ± 0.9735 MPa. Conclusion: Light cure GIC was significantly better than type IX GIC and conventional GIC in terms of shear bond strength.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Sidhant Pathak, KK Shashibhushan

In vitro Evaluation of Stainless Steel Crowns cemented with Resin-modified Glass Ionomer and Two New Self-adhesive Resin Cements

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:197 - 200]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1363  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims: To assess and compare the retentive strength of two dual-polymerized self-adhesive resin cements (RelyX U200, 3M ESPE & SmartCem2, Dentsply Caulk) and a resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC; RelyX Luting 2, 3M ESPE) on stainless steel crown (SSC). Materials and methods: Thirty extracted teeth were mounted on cold cured acrylic resin blocks exposing the crown till the cemento-enamel junction. Pretrimmed, precontoured SSC was selected for a particular tooth. Standardized tooth preparation for SSC was performed by single operator. The crowns were then luted with either RelyX U200 or SmartCem2 or RelyX Luting 2 cement. Retentive strength was tested using Instron universal testing machine. The retentive strength values were recorded and calculated by the formula: Load/Area. Statistical analysis: One-way analysis of variance was used for multiple comparisons followed by post hoc Tukey\'s test for groupwise comparisons. Unpaired t-test was used for intergroup comparisons. Results: RelyX U200 showed significantly higher retentive strength than rest of the two cements (p < 0.001). No significant difference was found between the retentive strength of SmartCem2 and RelyX Luting 2 (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The retentive strength of dual-polymerized self-adhesive resin cements was better than RMGIC, and RelyX U200 significantly improved crown retention when compared with SmartCem2 and RelyX Luting 2.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Rishi D Yadav, Divya Jindal, Rachit Mathur

A Comparative Analysis of Different Finishing and Polishing Devices on Nanofilled, Microfilled, and Hybrid Composite: A Scanning Electron Microscopy and Profilometric Study

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:8] [Pages No:201 - 208]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1364  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The continuous development of esthetically acceptable adhesive restorative material has made a variety of tooth-colored materials available for clinical use. The advent of visible light polymerizing resin and the use of finer filler particles permit resin composites to be polished to higher degree. The effect of polishing systems on surface finish has been reported to be material-dependent, and the effectiveness of these systems was mostly product-dependent. Hence, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of finishing and polishing systems on the surface roughness of nanofilled, microfilled, and hybrid composite restorative materials available in the market.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Fawaz Siddiqui

Sealing Ability of Nano-ionomer in Primary Teeth: An ex vivo Study

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:209 - 213]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1365  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Microleakage is an important consideration in primary dentition because the floor of the cavity preparation may be close to the pulp. The added insult to the pulp caused by seepage of irritants around the restoration and through the thin dentin may produce irreversible pulp damage. Aim: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the sealing ability of three light cured (LC) resin-modified glass-ionomer cements (RMGICs) in primary anterior teeth. Materials and methods: Class V cavity was prepared on the labial surface of extracted primary anterior teeth which were then grouped and restored with Ketac N100, Fuji II LC, or Vitremer. Dye penetration test with methylene blue stain was used to record the microleakage. Depth of dye penetration was recorded in millimeters at the incisal and gingival margin using computer software. Results: The depth of dye penetration at the incisal margin in the three groups was comparable, but at the gingival margin, Vitremer showed the least dye penetration, followed by Fuji II LC, and Ketac N100. The depth of dye penetration at the gingival margin was higher than the incisal margins in all the three groups. Conclusion: Among the three RMGICs, Vitremer can be considered as the material of choice for restoring class V cavities in primary anterior teeth. Periodic recall and recare is necessary when any of the three materials are used in clinical practice.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Afrah Fatima Hassan, Mridul Mehrotra

A Comparative Evaluation of the Efficacy of Different Caries Excavation Techniques in reducing the Cariogenic Flora: An in vivo Study

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:214 - 217]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1366  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Caries excavation is a noninvasive technique of caries removal with maximum preservation of healthy tooth structure. Aim: To compare the efficacy of three different caries excavation techniques in reducing the count of cariogenic flora. Materials and methods: Sixty healthy primary molars were selected from 26 healthy children with occlusal carious lesions without pulpal involvement and divided into three groups in which caries excavation was done with the help of (1) carbide bur; (2) polymer bur using slow-speed handpiece; and (3) ultrasonic tip with ultrasonic machine. Samples were collected before and after caries excavation for microbiological analysis with the help of sterile sharp spoon excavator. Samples were inoculated on blood agar plate and incubated at 37°C for 48 hours. After bacterial cultivation, the bacterial count of Streptococcus mutans was obtained. Statistical analysis: All statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 13 statistical software version. Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance, Wilcoxon matched pairs test, and Z test were performed to reveal the statistical significance. Results: The decrease in bacterial count of S. mutans before and after caries excavation was significant (p < 0.001) in all the three groups. Conclusion: Carbide bur showed most efficient reduction in cariogenic flora, while ultrasonic tip showed almost comparable results, while polymer bur showed least reduction in cariogenic flora after caries excavation.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Sundeep K Hegde, Vidya S Bhat, KM Ramya

Acidogenic Potential of Plain Milk, Milk with Sugar, Milk with Cornflakes and Milk Cornflakes with Sugar: A Comparative Study

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:218 - 221]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1367  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: To compare the acidogenic potential of plain milk, milk with sugar, milk with cornflakes, and milk cornflakes with sugar by assessing the salivary pH. Materials and methods: The study was carried out on 40 school children of 8 to 12 years; 20 boys and 20 girls were randomly selected. The salivary pH was assessed before and after the consumption of milk; milk and sugar; milk and cornflakes; and milk, sugar, and cornflakes. Baseline unstimulated saliva was collected in sterile plastic tube and the pH was recorded. The change in the salivary pH from the respective groups after consuming the test meal was recorded as follows: (1) after 5 minutes; (2) after 10 minutes; (3) after 15 minutes; (4) after 30 minutes; (5) 120 minutes. Statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 18.0 (SPSS). Results: The average baseline salivary pH among all the groups was 7.26. A fall in pH at 5 minutes was seen in all the four groups. However, at different time intervals 5, 10, 15, 30, and 120 minutes, the pH values between the groups showed a significant difference at p < 00.7, 0.005, 0.001, 0.010, and 0.028 respectively. Conclusion: The fall in pH in all the groups was not significant to a limit of critical pH. Milk when added with sugar and/or cornflakes as a meal did not pose a threat as there was not significant decrease in pH.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Brinda Godhi

Success Rate of MTA Pulpotomy on Vital Pulp of Primary Molars: A 3-Year Observational Study

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:222 - 227]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1368  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Vital pulp therapy is a major contributor in the preservation of primary dentition after caries affliction. Introduction of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has revolutionized such treatment. Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate and correlate the effects of MTA clinically and radiographically on pulpotomized primary molars till their exfoliation or extraction followed by histological evaluation. Study design: This is an observational study. Materials and methods: A total of 25 teeth were selected from 5- to 8-year-old children requiring pulp therapy on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criterion. The teeth were treated by conventional pulpotomy technique under aseptic conditions using MTA and were immediately restored with stainless steel crown. The teeth were assessed postoperatively till 36 months. The exfoliated or extracted teeth were examined histologically. Results: The pulpotomized teeth were vital with no adverse clinical findings during the observation period. After 3 months, one tooth showed internal resorption, but the same was not observed after 12 months. Pulp canal obliteration was seen in three cases. At the end of the study, five teeth were exfoliated and one tooth was extracted for maintaining arch symmetry. The histological examination of extracted tooth revealed the presence of healthy pulp and the area of true calcification. Remaining exfoliated teeth presented dentin bridge formation. Statistics: Frequencies and percentages were used for descriptive statistics. Fisher\'s exact tests were used to see the difference between clinical and radiological findings. The probability value was fixed at 5% level of significance. Conclusion: The response of pulp in primary teeth to MTA was favorable in all cases from clinical and radiographic perspective, and histological evaluation confirmed the observation.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Kotumachagi S Suresh, Pravin Kumar, Nagarathna Javanaiah, Shruti Shantappa, Pooja Srivastava

Primary Oral Health Care in India: Vision or Dream?

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:228 - 232]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1369  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The contemporary approach to dental caries management in children focuses on prevention than treatment. Pediatricians, general dentists and pediatric dentists must be involved in a detailed preventive program, which includes prenatal counselling, treatment of expectant mothers at risk for dental caries, infant oral health care and the establishment of the dental home, so that dental disease can be prevented in infants, starting at a young age. Various health care system and organizations in India must join together to promote oral health care for all the children and specially focused toward children from disadvantaged background and children with special health care needs.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Harjeet K Sekhon, Keya Sircar, Gurbani Kaur, Muneet Marwah

Evaluation of Role of Myofibroblasts in Oral Cancer: A Systematic Review

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:7] [Pages No:233 - 239]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1370  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: To conduct a systematic review on the role of myofibroblasts in progression of oral cancer. The myofibroblast is essential for the integrity of the mammalian body by virtue of its role in wound healing, but it also plays a negative role due to their role in promoting tumor development. Settings and design: Systematic review. Materials and methods: Bibliographic searches were conducted in several electronic databases using all publications in PubMed, PubMed central, EMBASE, CancerLit, Google scholar, and Cochrane CCTR between 1990 and June 2015. Results: The search of all publications from various electronic databases revealed 1,371 citations. The total number of studies considered for systematic review was 43. The total number of patients included in the studies was 990. Conclusion: Myofibroblasts are a significant component in stroma of oral cancer cases, though not identified in all cases. This systematic review shows that clinical, pathological, and immunohistochemistry tests have correlated the presence of high myofibroblast count in oral cancer cell stroma. Key Messages: Myofibroblasts play a significant role in oral cancer invasion and progression. Various studies have demonstrated their association with oral cancer. This review tends to highlight their role in the pathogenesis of oral cancer over the decade.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Muthu Murugan

Management and Sequelae of Intruded Anterior Primary Teeth: A Systematic Review

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:11] [Pages No:240 - 250]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1371  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to analyze the various treatment modalities and sequelae of intruded anterior primary teeth. Materials and methods: Electronic search in PubMed, Cochrane, and Science Direct databases was done. Hand search was performed using the reference list of chosen articles from electronic search. Three reviewers analyzed the articles independently, assessed the quality of the studies, and derived data. Results: Ten case series were identified from the electronic and hand search. No randomized control studies were available. In the observational studies treatment of intruded primary teeth ranged from conservative management, which includes waiting for spontaneous re-eruption as well as repositioning to invasive procedure, such as extraction. Conclusion: Spontaneous eruption is a treatment option of intruded primary teeth in absence of damage to a permanent tooth. Surgical repositioning of intruded primary teeth has also shown as a viable alternative treatment modality. Extraction to be performed if complications develop.

SURVEY

Srikanth Koya, Vasa A Arunkumar, Suzan Sahana, HM Pushpalatha

Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in Children of West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, South India: An Epidemiological Study

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:251 - 255]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1372  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: To determine the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and its risk factors in children of West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh. Study design: A sample of 1,897 children between 24 and 71 months of age based on stratified cluster random sampling were clinically examined for dental caries using mouth mirror under day light. The parents/caregivers of each child were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using independent sample Student\'s t-test and chi-square test. Results: Out of the total 1,897 children, 796 were affected with ECC showing an overall prevalence of 41.9%, with boys showing a higher prevalence rate of 44.8% compared to girls (39.9%). Statistically significant correlations were found between ECC and consumption of sugary snacks (p < 0.0001) and mouth rinsing habit (p < 0.001). Conclusion: A higher prevalence of ECC was observed and most of the teeth were not restored.

SURVEY

Taranatha Mahantesha, Uma B Dixit, Ramesh P Nayakar, Devasya Ashwin, Vijaya P Kamavaram Ellore

Prevalence of Dental Fluorosis and associated Risk Factors in Bagalkot District, Karnataka, India

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:8] [Pages No:256 - 263]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1373  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: An earlier epidemiological study by these authors revealed fluorosis at very low levels of fluoride concentrations in drinking water. Aim: The objective of present study was to investigate risk factors of dental fluorosis in permanent teeth in the villages of northern Karnataka, India. Materials and methods: The present survey was carried out in three villages of Hungund Taluk, Bagalkot District, Karnataka, India, with the fluoride concentration of 0.136, 0.381, and 1.36 ppm. Children aged between 9 and 15, with permanent teeth, were examined for dental fluorosis using Dean\'s index, as per WHO criteria. Required relevant information regarding risk factors was obtained through a questionnaire. Statistical analysis: Data entry and analysis were performed using SPSS for Windows 16.0. Comparison of means of different indices by the three groups was performed using ANOVA and t-test (p < 0.05). Bivariate analysis was performed to identify significant risk factors that affected prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis. Those variables showing a statistically significant association (p < 0.05) on χ2 were entered into multiple logistic regressions to assess their independent effects. Results: In this study, we analyzed risk factors for both prevalence and severity of fluorosis. From multiple logistic regression analysis, only fluoride concentration in drinking water was found significant with prevalence of fluorosis and only nutritional status showed significant association with severity of fluorosis. Conclusion: Presence or absence of dental fluorosis in permanent teeth was significantly associated with fluoride concentration in drinking water. Once present, its severity was determined by nutritional status of the children - malnourished children exhibiting severe form of fluorosis.

CASE REPORT

Manish Jain, Yashwant Chauhan

Gorlin-Goltz Syndrome: A Rare Case Report of a 11-Year-Old Child

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:264 - 268]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1374  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Gorlin-Goltz Syndrome, also known as nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS), is an autosomal dominant trait caused due to mutations in the patched tumor suppressor gene (PTCH) gene found on the long arm of chromosome 9. The syndrome is characterized by the presence of odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs), basal cell carcinomas, and skeletal malformations. Early diagnosis of the syndrome can be done by pedodontist as OKC is one of the early manifestations of the syndrome. Early diagnosis and treatment is important for long-term prognosis of the syndrome by reducing the severity of cutaneous carcinomas and deformities due to jaw cyst. The present case describes an 11-year-old patient with some typical features of NBCCS, which were diagnosed through its oral and maxillofacial manifestations. This case emphasizes the importance of pedodontist in early recognition of the syndrome.

CASE REPORT

Chandresh Jaiswara, Vinay K Srivastava, Neeraj Dhiman

Autotransplantation of a Strange Positioned Impacted Central Incisor in a surgically Prepared Socket: A Miracle Esthetic Concept

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:269 - 272]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1375  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Esthetics is a prime concern for a young lady. Any anomaly in the anterior tooth may create anxiety and depression. This anxiety and depression may hamper her married life and overall personality. This case report reveals an unerupted right central incisor situated in a strange position, creating space in the maxillary anterior region and giving an unesthetic appearance. Autotransplantation is a method of choice for a strangely positioned impacted central incisor in a new appropriate site. This method offers a new treatment option for some clinical situations if orthodontic approach is not possible. It permits tooth movement to a distant or the opposite side of the same dental arch as well as to the opposite jaw. This procedure also offers potential benefits of reestablishment of normal alveolar process development, esthetics, functions, and arch integrity. This procedure has the potential to become a viable alternative treatment plan for young patients of low socioeconomic status, allowing the reestablish-ment and restoration of a missing tooth and their functions. This article discusses methods of auto-reimplantation of a tooth in a fresh surgically prepared socket, its biological principle, and establishment of functions, esthetics, and phonetics.

CASE REPORT

Ioannis Chatzistefanou, Sotiria Kabesi, Konstantinos Paraskevopoulos, Dimitrios Koliouskas, Konstantinos Antoniades

Ewing's Sarcoma of Mandible: An Impressive Case of Spontaneous Mandible Regeneration

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:273 - 277]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1376  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Ewing\'s sarcoma (ES) is an uncommon aggressive bone malignancy that mainly affects children and adolescents. Mandible involvement is quite rare and usually represents metastasis from another skeletal site. Combined therapy including wide surgical resection and preoperative and postoperative chemotherapy has been demonstrated as the mainstay of therapeutic approach. As improved therapeutic modalities have significantly increased survival over the last decades, functional and esthetic reconstruction of the postmandibulectomy defect is usually necessary for patient\'s total rehabilitation. We report a case of ES of the mandible with special consideration to the postresection spontaneous structural and functional regeneration of the mandible.

CASE REPORT

Babita Jangra

Goldenhar Syndrome: A Case Report with Review

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:278 - 280]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1377  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Goldenhar syndrome is a rare condition which is characterized by a multitude of anomalies involving craniofacial structures, vertebrae, internal organs and usually occurs unilaterally. The etiology of this syndrome is unclear since it varies genetically and is linked to a plethora of reasons. Herein, we report a case of Goldenhar syndrome with hemifacial microsomia and microtia along with systemic involvement which was clinically and radio-graphically assessed. Many classical signs of the syndrome were present in the patient along with few rare ones. The various aspects of this rare disease have been discussed with emphasis on timely diagnosis and multidisciplinary approach to manage it.

CASE REPORT

Komal Rastogi, Prateek Agarwal, Punit Chitlangia

Mandibular Dentigerous Cyst in a 10-Year-Old Child

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:9] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:281 - 284]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1378  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Dentigerous cyst is the most common odontogenic cyst. It is characterized by a unilocular radiolucent lesion that encloses permanent tooth buds or, under certain circumstances, displaced tooth buds. Buccal bony expansion and a missing tooth is the most common clinical feature. Various treatment modalities have been mentioned in the literature for management of dentigerous cysts. This article presents a left mandibular dentigerous cyst in a 10-year-old boy. Marsupialization was the treatment of choice and a denturelike space maintainer was provided. Long-term follow-up revealed good healing of the bony lesion.

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