International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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2015 | September-December | Volume 8 | Issue 3

EDITORIAL

Editorial

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

   DOI: 10.5005/ijcpd-8-3-v  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

D Jayaraj, S Ganesan

Salivary pH and Buffering Capacity as Risk Markers for Early Childhood Caries: A Clinical Study

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:167 - 171]

Keywords: Buffering capacity, Early childhood caries, pH, Risk assessment, Saliva

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1307  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: The diagnostic utility of saliva is currently being explored in various branches of dentistry, remarkably in the field of caries research. This study was aimed to determine if assessment of salivary pH and buffering capacity would serve as reliable tools in risk prediction of early childhood caries (ECC). Materials and methods: Paraffin-stimulated salivary samples were collected from 50 children with ECC (group I) and 50 caries free children (group II). Salivary pH and buffering capacity (by titration with 0.1 N hydrochloric acid) were assessed using a handheld digital pH meter in both groups. The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: Statistically, no significant difference was observed between both the groups for all salivary parameters assessed, except for the buffering capacity level at 150 μl titration of 0.1 N hydrochloric acid (p = 0.73; significant at 1% level). Conclusion: Salivary pH and buffering capacity may not serve as reliable markers for risk prediction of ECC. How to cite this article: Jayaraj D, Ganesan S. Salivary pH and Buffering Capacity as Risk Markers for Early Childhood Caries: A Clinical Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):167-171.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sushma Gojanur, Ramakrishna Yeluri, Autar Krishen Munshi

Prevalence and Etiology of Traumatic Injuries to the Anterior Teeth among 5 to 8 Years Old School Children in Mathura City, India: An Epidemiological Study

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:172 - 175]

Keywords: Anterior teeth, Dental trauma, Epidemiology

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1308  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the prevalence of traumatic injuries to the anterior teeth among the 5 to 8 years old children attending the schools in Mathura city. Study design: A total of 1657 children of the age groups: 5, 6, 7 and 8 years from 20 schools situated in various parts of Mathura city were included in this study, utilizing stratified cluster random sampling method. Results: The prevalence of traumatic injuries to the anterior teeth in 5 to 8 years old age group was found to be 2.7%. Males accounted for 3.1% whereas females accounted for 2.3%. Overall, males experienced more traumatic injuries than the females with male to female ratio of 1.8:1. The etiology of traumatic injuries was mostly due to falls, followed by bicycle accidents, collisions, violence and bike accidents in that order. How to cite this article: Gojanur S, Yeluri R, Munshi AK. Prevalence and Etiology of Traumatic Injuries to the Anterior Teeth among 5 to 8 Years Old School Children in Mathura City, India: An Epidemiological Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):172-175.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Kriti Vashista, Meera Sandhu

Comparative Evaluation of Obturating Techniques in Primary Teeth: An in vivo Study

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:176 - 180]

Keywords: Lentulospirals, Obturation, Pressure syringe, Primary teeth

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1309  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: The present study was undertaken to compare two methods of obturation in primary teeth by using lentulospirals and pressure syringe, radiographically. Materials and methods: Sixty teeth in subjects with mean age of 5.88 ± 1.58 years were obturated randomly using two different obturating techniques, i.e. group I: Thirty teeth obturated with pressure syringe, and group II: Thirty teeth obturated with lentulospiral. Quality of obturation and presence or absence of voids were assessed by taking radiographs after obturation was done using both the techniques. Results of quality of obturation were statistically analyzed using Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney's test, whereas voids were analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: No statistically significant difference between the quality of obturation using pressure syringe or lentulospiral (p > 0.05) was observed. However, significantly higher number of voids were found for lentulospiral technique as compared to pressure syringe (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Both the techniques were found to be equally efficient statistically, though lentulospiral produced more voids. How to cite this article: Vashista K, Sandhu M, Sachdev V. Comparative Evaluation of Obturating Techniques in Primary Teeth: An in vivo Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):176-180.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ruchi Sharma, Mridula Trehan, Vikas Jharwal, Nidhi Rathore

Comparison of Effectiveness of Manual Orthodontic, Powered and Sonic Toothbrushes on Oral Hygiene of Fixed Orthodontic Patients

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:9] [Pages No:181 - 189]

Keywords: Fixed orthodontic treatment, Manual orthodontic toothbrush, Oral hygiene, Powered toothbrush, Sonic toothbrush

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1310  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: Maintenance of good oral hygiene is important for patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a manual orthodontic toothbrush, powered toothbrush with oscillating head and sonic toothbrush in controlling plaque, gingivitis and interdental bleeding in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment, and to compare their relative efficacy. Materials and methods: Sixty subjects, who were to receive orthodontic treatment with both upper and lower fixed appliances, were randomly divided into three study groups, with 20 patients in each group. Groups I to III were given manual orthodontic, powered and sonic toothbrushes, respectively. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI) and interdental bleeding index were scored to assess the level of plaque accumulation, gingival health and interdental bleeding at baseline; 4 and 8 weeks recall visits after fixed appliance bonding. Paired t-tests and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were used for intragroup and intergroup comparisons. The level of statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: This study showed that a significant reduction in all the three indices scores was found from baseline to 4 and 8 weeks in group III. On intergroup comparison, no statistically significant differences were detected between the three groups for any of the parameters assessed. Conclusion: On intragroup comparison, sonic brushes performed superiorly in reducing gingivitis, plaque and interdental bleeding as compared to the manual orthodontic and powered brushes. On intergroup comparison, the relative comparative effectiveness was found to be similar for all the three brushes. How to cite this article: Sharma R, Trehan M, Sharma S, Jharwal V, Rathore N. Comparison of Effectiveness of Manual Orthodontic, Powered and Sonic Toothbrushes on Oral Hygiene of Fixed Orthodontic Patients. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):181-189.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sarabjeet Singh, Navreet Sandhu, Taruna Puri, Ritika Gulati, Rita Kashyap

A Study of Correlation of Various Growth Indicators with Chronological Age

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:190 - 195]

Keywords: Growth indicators, Cervical vertebrae maturation index (CVMI), Frontal sinus width, Antegonial notch depth

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1311  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of chronological age with cervical vertebrae skeletal maturation, frontal sinus width and antegonial notch depth and a correlation, if any, among the three variables. Materials and methods: The samples were derived from lateral cephalometric radiographs of 80 subjects (40 males, 40 females; age range: 10 to 19 years). Cervical vertebral development was evaluated by the method of Hassel and Farman, frontal sinus width was measured by the method described by Ertürk and antegonial notch depth as described by Singer et al. The Pearson's correlation coefficients were estimated to assess the relationship of chronological age with cervical vertebrae skeletal maturation, frontal sinus width and antegonial notch depth. Results: The Pearson's correlation coefficient were 0.855 (p < 0.001) between chronological age and cervical vertebrae skeletal maturation, and 0.333 (p < 0.001) between chronological age and frontal sinus width. Conclusion: A highly significant positive correlation was found between chronological age and cervical vertebrae skeletal maturation, and between chronological age and frontal sinus width. Nonsignificant correlation was found between chronological age and antegonial notch depth. How to cite this article: Singh S, Sandhu N, Puri T, Gulati R, Kashyap R. A Study of Correlation of Various Growth Indicators with Chronological Age. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3): 190-195.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Arunachalam Karthikeyan Shanmugaavel, J Baby John, PR Geetha Priya, Jagadeesan Gnana Devi

Effect of One Percent Chlorhexidine Addition on the Antibacterial Activity and Mechanical Properties of Sealants: An in vitro Study

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:196 - 201]

Keywords: Antibacterial activity, Chlorhexidine, Pit and fissure sealants

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1312  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of addition of 1% chlorhexidine digluconate solution on the antibacterial activity and mechanical properties of glass ionomer and resin based sealant. Materials and methods: Conventional glass ionomer sealant (GIS) (Fuji VII, Japan) and resin sealant (Clinpro 3M ESPE, USA) were used in this study. Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) (20%) liquid was added to both the sealants, and the concentration of chlorhexidine in sealants was adjusted to 1%. The sealants were divided into four groups as: group A (GIS), group B (GIS + 1% CHX), group C (resin sealant), group D (resin sealant + 1% CHX). Five cylindrical specimens were prepared in each group. Their antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus, and their mechanical properties (compressive strength and diametrical tensile strength) were assessed. Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used appropriately for statistical analysis (SPSS version 19). Result: Addition of one percent chlorhexidine significantly increased the antibacterial activity of both the sealants. There was a significant difference between groups A and B (p < 0.009), and groups C and D (p < 0.008). There was no significant difference in the mechanical properties of the sealants. Conclusion: Addition of one percent chlorhexidine to the glass ionomer and resin based sealants provided sufficient antibacterial activity, without significantly affecting the mechanical property of the sealants. How to cite this article: Shanmugaavel AK, Asokan S, John JB, Geetha Priya PR, Gnana Devi J. Effect of one percent Chlorhexidine Addition on the Antibacterial Activity and Mechanical Properties of Sealants: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):196-201.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ameet J Kurthukoti, Pranjal Sharma, Dinesh Francis Swamy, R Shashidara, Elaine Barretto Swamy

Computed Tomographic Morphometry of the Internal Anatomy of Mandibular Second Primary Molars

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:202 - 207]

Keywords: Area, Cross-sectional shape, Deciduous/anatomy and histology, Dental pulp cavity/anatomy and histology, Number of canals, Root canal therapy/instrumentation, Root dentin thickness, Spiral computed/methods, Tomography, Tooth

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1313  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Need for the study: The most important procedure for a successful endodontic treatment is the cleaning and shaping of the canal system. Understanding the internal anatomy of teeth provides valuable information to the clinician that would help him achieve higher clinical success during endodontic therapy. Aims: To evaluate by computed tomography—the internal anatomy of mandibular second primary molars with respect to the number of canals, cross-sectional shape of canals, cross-sectional area of canals and the root dentin thickness. Materials and methods: A total of 31 mandibular second primary molars were subjected to computed-tomographic evaluation in the transverse plane, after mounting them in a prefabricated template. The images, thus, obtained were analyzed using De-winter Bio-wizard® software. Results: All the samples demonstrated two canals in the mesial root, while majority of the samples (65.48%) demonstrated two canals in the distal root. The cross-sectional images of the mesial canals demonstrated a round shape, while the distal canals demonstrated an irregular shape. The root dentin thickness was highly reduced on the distal aspect of mesial and mesial aspect of distal canals. Conclusion: The mandibular second primary molars demonstrated wide variation and complexities in their internal anatomy. A thorough understanding of the complexity of the root canal system is essential for understanding the principles and problems of shaping and cleaning, determining the apical limits and dimensions of canal preparations, and for performing successful endodontic procedures. How to cite this article: Kurthukoti AJ, Sharma P, Swamy DF, Shashidara R, Swamy EB. Computed Tomographic Morphometry of the Internal Anatomy of Mandibular Second Primary Molars. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):202-207.

SURVEY

Aayushi Bansal, Kirti Asopa

Prevalence of Oral Habits among Eleven to Thirteen Years Old Children in Jaipur

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:208 - 210]

Keywords: Children, Oral habit, Tongue thrusting

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1314  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: Oral habits that are prevalent well beyond the normal age frequently result in facial deformity and malocclusions. The aim of the present study was to know the prevalence of oral habits in 11 to 13 years old children of Jaipur city. Methodology: The study included 1,000 children of age 11 to 13 years, belonging to different government and private schools of Jaipur city who were screened for any deleterious habits at their school site. The statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test. Results: The result showed that 18% children had a habit of tongue thrusting, 17% mouth breathing and 3% nail biting. Sex-wise prevalence showed 18% females had oral habits and 20% of male had oral habit. Conclusion: The distribution of children aged 11 to 13 years having oral habits was evaluated with tongue thrusting being most prevalent and exhibiting minimal sexual predilection. How to cite this article: Sharma S, Bansal A, Asopa K. Prevalence of Oral Habits among Eleven to Thirteen Years Old Children in Jaipur. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):208-210.

SURVEY

MD Indira, Kanika Singh Dhull, B Nandlal

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice toward Infant Oral Healthcare among the Pediatricians of Mysore: A Questionnaire Survey

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:211 - 214]

Keywords: Infant oral healthcare, Pediatricians, Preventive dentistry

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1315  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to study the knowledge, attitude and practice of the pediatricians toward infant oral healthcare and the objective was to determine what can improve the knowledge, attitude and practice toward infant oral healthcare. Materials and methods: A systematic random survey of pediatricians in Mysore received a questionnaire pertaining to individual details, knowledge level and approach toward infant oral healthcare. Results: Most of pediatricians acknowledged the importance of pediatric dentistry. Pediatricians agree that it is important to do dental examination before 1 year. The importance of initiating oral hygiene practice before the eruption of first tooth was not seen to be prevalent among the pediatricians. Most of them were less aware of the first dental visit including early childhood caries (ECC). All pediatricians agree that both medical and dental professionals together are responsible for infant oral healthcare. They should work together to appropriately educate and train themselves to be able to provide risk assessment and to provide preventive oral health services. How to cite this article: Indira MD, Dhull KS, Nandlal B. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice toward Infant Oral Healthcare among the Pediatricians of Mysore: A Questionnaire Survey. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):211-214.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Iram Zaidi, Muhamad Nishad Thayath, Anju Sinha

Preterm Birth: A Primary Etiological Factor for Delayed Oral Growth and Development

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:215 - 219]

Keywords: Low birth weight, Oral development, Preterm birth

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1316  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Preterm and low birthweight children comprise approximately 6% of all live births. It is now a well-known fact that premature children experience many oral complications associated with their preterm births. Prematurely born infants have a short prenatal development period and they are prone to many serious medical problems during the neonatal period, which may affect the development of oral tissues. Adverse perinatal factors, premature birth and exceptional early adaptation to extra-uterine life and functional activity may influence dental occlusal development and symmetry in the jaws. Thus, the goal of the present paper is to elucidate further the effect of preterm birth on the development of the dentition. How to cite this article: Zaidi I, Thayath MN, Singh S, Sinha A. Preterm Birth: A Primary Etiological Factor for Delayed Oral Growth and Development. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3): 215-219.

CASE REPORT

Brahmananda Dutta, CH Sriram, Maheshwar KR Reddy

Surgical Derotation Technique: A Novel Approach in the Management of Rotated Immature Permanent Incisor

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:220 - 223]

Keywords: Open apex, Relapse, Splinting, Surgical derotation

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1317  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Surgical derotation is a method of placing a rotated tooth in normal alignment in a dental arch; surgically, immediately and permanently. It is a potentially convenient and cost-effective treatment modality as compared to conventional orthodontic procedure for rotated maxillary incisor with open apex. Here is a presentation of a severely rotated maxillary left permanent central incisor in a nine and half years old girl, with a radiographic evidence of immature root apex which was surgically derotated, orthodontically retroclined and intruded to its normal position. Postsurgical clinical and radiographic evaluation was done for a period of one and half years to confirm the vitality and continued physiological root formation of the affected tooth. How to cite this article: Dutta B, Krishnapriya V, Sriram CH, Reddy MKR. Surgical Derotation Technique: A Novel Approach in the Management of Rotated Immature Permanent Incisor. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):220-223.

CASE REPORT

Mahesh Jingarwar, Anuradha Pathak, Navroop Kaur Bajwa

Vestibular Extension along with Frenectomy in Management of Localized Gingival Recession in Pediatric Patient: A New Innovative Surgical Approach

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:224 - 226]

Keywords: Frenectomy, Localize gingival recession, Mandibular anterior region, Pediatric patient, Vestibular extension

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1318  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

This paper reports case of pediatric localized gingival recession (LGR) in mandibular anterior region which was treated by using new innovative surgical approach, i.e. combination of frenectomy and vestibular extension. These interceptive surgeries not only gained sufficient width of attached gingival but also lower the attachment of labial frenum. How to cite this article: Jingarwar M, Pathak A, Bajwa NK, Kalaskar R. Vestibular Extension along with Frenectomy in Management of Localized Gingival Recession in Pediatric Patient: A New Innovative Surgical Approach. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):224-226.

CASE REPORT

Kotumachagi Sangappa Suresh, HL Uma, J Nagarathna, Pravin Kumar

Management of Ectopically Erupting Maxillary Incisors: A Case Series

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:7] [Pages No:227 - 233]

Keywords: Ectopic tooth, Eruption disturbances, Fixed orthodontics

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1319  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Eruption disturbances related to the position include ectopic eruption and transpositions. The occurrence of ectopic eruption is most commonly associated with maxillary incisors. The normal eruption, position and morphology of these teeth are crucial to craniofacial development, facial esthetics as well as phonetics. It is essential that the clinicians have thorough knowledge of the eruption disturbances in order to make an appropriate, as well as timely intervention, as dictated by the complexity of the problem. How to cite this article: Suresh KS, Uma HL, Nagarathna J, Kumar P. Management of Ectopically Erupting Maxillary Incisors: A Case Series. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):227-233.

CASE REPORT

Mohsin Sidiq, Asif Yousuf, Neha Bhargava, Shravani Ganta

Correction of a Severely Rotated Maxillary Incisor by Elastics in Mixed Dentition Complicated by a Mesiodens

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:234 - 238]

Keywords: Central incisor, Dental cross bite, Mixed dentition, Severe rotated tooth

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1320  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The aim of this case study was to report a potentially convenient approach instead of a conventional orthodontic procedure for correcting severe rotation of anterior tooth of an 11-year-old Indian boy, with a mixed dentition class I malocclusion. The child reported seeking treatment for severely rotated upper right central incisor with mesiodens and a single tooth crossbite. The supernumerary tooth was first extracted and bondable buttons were placed on the rotated tooth, an appliance composed of a removable plate with Adam's clasp with distal extension and a loop for engagement of elastics was delivered. Circumferential supracrestal fibrotomy was performed on the corrected derotated tooth. Then, Hawley's appliance with a z-spring and posterior bite plane was fabricated and placed for correction of crossbite. Thus, this removable appliance can be a simplified and a cost-effective treatment alternative for derotation of anterior tooth, especially during the mixed dentition period. How to cite this article: Sidiq M, Yousuf A, Bhat M, Sharma R, Bhargava N, Ganta S. Correction of a Severely Rotated Maxillary Incisor by Elastics in Mixed Dentition Complicated by a Mesiodens. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):234-238.

CASE REPORT

Lisa, Scheidt, Mariane Emi Sanabe, Michele Baffi Diniz

Oral Manifestations and Dental Management of Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:239 - 241]

Keywords: Epidermolysis bullosa simplex, Oral manifestations, Alternative therapies

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1321  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of hereditary chronic disorders, characterized by fragility of the skin and mucous membranes in response to minor mechanical trauma. The objective of this study was to report the case of a young girl diagnosed with epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS), transmitted by an autosomal dominant gene. Cutaneous findings included blisters and dystrophy following minimal friction. Recurrent blisters and vesicle formation on the hard palate were the main oral findings. In conclusion, publications concerning the oral and clinical manifestations of EBS are important for providing knowledge and an early multidisciplinary approach that prevents blister formation and improves these patients’ quality of life, with the dentist playing an important role in oral health management. How to cite this article: Scheidt L, Sanabe ME, Diniz MB. Oral Manifestations and Dental Management of Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3):239-241.

CASE REPORT

Halaswamy V Kambalimath, Somya Jain, Raju Umaji Patil, Alexander Asokan, Deepashri Kambalimath

Permanent Maxillary Canine Agenesis: A Rare Case Report

[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:242 - 246]

Keywords: Agenesis, Bilateral, Maxillary canines, Congenitally missing

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1322  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Congenitally missing teeth (CMT) are among one of the commonly known dental anomalies. The most frequently missing teeth in the permanent dentition, excluding the third molars, are mandibular second premolars and maxillary lateral incisors. Exclusive agenesis of both maxillary canines is an extremely rare occurrence and only a few cases have been reported. Previous studies showed that the prevalence of maxillary canine agenesis varies between 0.07 and 0.13%. In recent studies on Indian population, no cases of maxillary canine agenesis have been documented. This paper reports a case of non-syndromic bilateral agenesis of permanent maxillary canines, along with agenesis of both mandibular central incisors in a healthy 13-year-old Indian female patient; and a brief literature review on prevalence, etiology and treatment modalities of the condition. How to cite this article: Kambalimath HV, Jain S, Patil RU, Asokan A, Kambalimath D. Permanent Maxillary Canine Agenesis: A Rare Case Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015; 8(3):242-246.

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