International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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2014 | September-December | Volume 7 | Issue 3

Guest Editorial

Srinivas Namineni

Wish you all a very Happy New Year and I hope all of you enjoyed a fantastic festive season!

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

   DOI: 10.5005/ijcpd-7-3-v  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Divya Singh

Stress Reduction through Audio Distraction in Anxious Pediatric Dental Patients: An Adjunctive Clinical Study

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:149 - 152]

Keywords: Audio distraction, Venham's picture test, Pulse oximeter

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1254  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of ‘audio distraction’ in anxious pediatric dental patients. Materials and methods: Sixty children were randomly selected and equally divided into two groups of thirty each. The first group was control group (group A) and the second group was music group (group B). The dental procedure employed was extraction for both the groups. The children included in music group were allowed to hear audio presentation throughout the treatment procedure. Anxiety was measured by using Venham's picture test, pulse rate, blood pressure and oxygen saturation. Results: ‘Audio distraction’ was found efficacious in alleviating anxiety of pediatric dental patients. Conclusion: ‘Audio distraction’ did decrease the anxiety in pediatric patients to a significant extent. How to cite this article: Singh D, Samadi F, Jaiswal JN, Tripathi AM. Stress Reduction through Audio Distraction in Anxious Pediatric Dental Patients: An Adjunctive Clinical Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):149-152.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Neeti Mittal, Parteek Mittal

Acceptability and Efficacy of Commercial Oral Preparation of Midazolam for brief Painful Procedure: A Randomized Double Blind Clinical Trial

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:153 - 156]

Keywords: Behavior management, Midazolam, Syrup

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1255  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: To compare the acceptability and efficacy of orally administered commercially available midazolam syrup and injection midazolam mixed in honey for performing venepuncture. Materials and methods: This double blind randomized controlled trial enrolled 40 anxious and healthy 2 to 6 years olds. All subjects received either syrup midazolam or injection midazolam mixed in honey (0.5 mg/kg) per orally, prior to venepuncture as per their group assignment. Primary outcome measures in this trial was acceptability of midazolam. Secondary outcome measures included sedation depth, success of venepuncture, observer and parental satisfaction and parental perception of child's pain. Results: Although the acceptability of syrup midazolam (95%) was higher than injection midazolam (80%), there was no significant difference among two groups with respect to any primary or secondary outcome (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Syrup midazolam can serve as a suitable alternative to injection midazolam; thus, eliminating the procedural steps of mixing injection midazolam with any vehicle. How to cite this article: Srivastava B, Mittal N, Mittal P. Acceptability and Efficacy of Commercial Oral Preparation of Midazolam for brief Painful Procedure: A Randomized Double Blind Clinical Trial. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):153-156.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Anupama Swarnkar

A Comparison of Canal-centering ability of Two Nickel-Titanium Rotary Systems with Nickel Hand Instrumentation with Stainless Steel Hand Instrumentation in 10 to 25° Curved Canals using Kuttler's Cube

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:157 - 162]

Keywords: Kuttler's endodontic case, Canal-centering ability, NiTi rotary instruments, Profile, Lightspeed (LSX)

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1256  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims: The purpose of this study was to compare the canal centering abilities of rotary nickel-titanium (NiTi) files (ProFile 0.04 and 0.06 and Lightspeed LSX) and NiTi hand K-files in 10° to 25° curved canals. This was compared with the canal centering ability of stainless steel hand K-files using Kuttler's endodontic cube. Settings and design: The teeth with a 10° to 25° of clinical mesiodistal curvature were used for this study. Each tooth was immersed in methylene blue dye for a period of 10 seconds, as recommended by Kuttler. Materials and methods: The study sample comprised of 60 intact freshly extracted single rooted human mandibular premolars. The radiographs were traced on a tracing paper and the canal curvature was determined according to methodology introduced by Schneider. Statistical analysis used: The statistical package SPSS PC + (Statistical package for social service, Version 4.01) was used for analysis. Results: Overall, Lightspeed LSX instruments showed superior canal centering ability and performed better than Profile series, hand NiTi K-files and hand stainless steel K-files. Conclusion: The endodontic cube can be used as an effective method for analyzing the canal-centering ability of different endodontic instruments. Both the NiTi rotary instruments showed superior canal-centering ability than NiTi and stainless steel hand K-files. How to cite this article: Swarnkar A. A Comparison of Canal-centering ability of Two Nickel-Titanium Rotary Systems with Nickel Hand Instrumentation with Stainless Steel Hand Instrumentation in 10 to 25° Curved Canals using Kuttler's Cube. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):157-162.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ratheesh Mepparambath, Sham S Bhat, Sundeep K Hegde, G Anjana, M Sunil, Sherryl Mathew

Comparison of Proximal Caries Detection in Primary Teeth between Laser Fluorescence and Bitewing Radiography: An in vivo Study

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:163 - 167]

Keywords: DIAGNOdent, Bitewing radiograph, Proximal caries detection, Primary teeth, Dentin caries, Enamel caries

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1257  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background and objective: Proximal caries detection is of great importance because of the rapid rate of caries progression and the difficulty in determining the absence or presence of a lesion in primary dentition. Although, various methods for caries diagnosis offer good diagnostic performances, they provide varying sensitivities for detecting proximal carious lesions. The objective of this study was to compare, in vivo, the accuracy of DIAGNOdent and bitewing radiography at detecting proximal caries in primary teeth. Materials and methods: One Hundred and one primary maxillary and mandibular molars without obvious cavities of children between the age group of 3 and 10 years were included. The teeth were first subjected to DIAGNOdent examination followed by bitewing radiography. The specificity and sensitivity of the systems were calculated. Results: At the dentin caries (D3) level, the sensitivity of DIAGNOdent and bitewing radiography was 78.5%; at the enamel caries (D1 and D2) level it was 39.12% and for the sound teeth (D0) it was found to be 76.52%. A strong association was observed between the DIAGNOdent and the bitewing radiograph (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The DIAGNOdent can be used as an alternative diagnostic method in detection of proximal caries in primary teeth. But when seen at the each caries level, the DIAGNOdent is more accurate at the D0 and D3 threshold. How to cite this article: Mepparambath R, Bhat SS, Hegde SK, Anjana G, Sunil M, Mathew S. Comparison of Proximal Caries Detection in Primary Teeth between Laser Fluorescence and Bitewing Radiography: An in vivo Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):163-167.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sanjeev Datana, Ashish Bhalla, Supriya Kumar Roy, Sanjay Londhe

Comparative Evaluation of Prevalence of Upper Cervical Vertebrae Anomalies in Cleft Lip/Palate Patients: A Retrospective Study

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:168 - 171]

Keywords: Cleft lip and palate, Upper cervical vertebrae anomalies, Lateral cephalogram

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1258  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Purpose: The patients with cleft lip and palate have a higher risk of cervical vertebrae anomalies than do patients in general population. The aim of present study was to determine the prevalence of various upper cervical spine anomalies in different type of clefts. Procedures: Lateral cephalograms of 128 patients (66 males, 62 females) with cleft lip and palate, and 125 (60 males, 65 females) non syndromic patients without cleft lip and palate were selected at random from archive. Cephalograms of the patients were traced and the diagnosis of any cervical vertebrae anomaly was noted. Anomalies were categorized as either: posterior arch deficiency or fusions. Main findings: Prevalence of cervical vertebrae anomalies in the cleft group was 20.3% while it was 6.4% in the control group. Further cervical vertebrae anomalies were 16.6% in the CPO group, 19.1% in the BCLP group, and 22.2% in the UCLP group. Conclusion: A higher prevalence of cervical vertebrae anomalies was observed in cleft lip and palate patients. The prevalence observed is 3 times more in cleft group than control group. How to cite this article: Datana S, Bhalla A, Kumar P, Roy SK, Londhe S. Comparative Evaluation of Prevalence of Upper Cervical Vertebrae Anomalies in Cleft Lip/Palate Patients: A Retrospective Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):168-171.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Chaitanya Pavuluri, Rekha Lakshmi Kamatham

Comparative Evaluation of Microleakage in Conventional and RMGIC Restorations following Conventional and Chemomechanical Caries Removal: An in vitro Study

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:172 - 175]

Keywords: Carisolv, Microleakage, Chemomechanical caries removal, Resin-modified glass ionomer, Minimally invasive

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1259  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Conventional caries removal involves use of high-speed handpiece. Current concepts of caries excavation in cavitated lesions consist of manual excavators. Principles of minimal invasive approach indicate the need to excavate only carious tissue. Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the microleakage in conventional and resin modified glass ionomer cement restorations following conventional and chemomechanical caries removal. Design: Hundred class I carious human mandibular first molars were collected and divided into two groups: I and II (50 each). Each group was further divided into subgroups, i.e. (IA, IB and IIA, IIB). Caries was completely removed using conventional method in group one and chemomechanically in group two. The teeth in group IA, IIA are restored with conventional glass ionomer comment (GIC) and in group IB, IIB restored with resign-modified glass ionomer comments (RMGIC), followed by finishing and polishing. Subsequently, the specimens were thermocycled and then placed in dye solution. The teeth were sectioned through the restorations and evaluated for microleakage scores using a stereomicroscope. The data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U-test. Results: Statistical analysis showed no significant difference in microleakage between the conventional GIC and RMGIC following conventional and chemomechanical caries removal method. Conclusion: Carisolv is minimally invasive and an effective alternative treatment for the removal of occlusal caries. How to cite this article: Pavuluri C, Nuvvula S, Kamatham RL, Nirmala SVSG. Comparative Evaluation of Microleakage in Conventional and RMGIC Restorations following Conventional and Chemomechanical Caries Removal: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):172-175.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Rini Rajendra Gangwal, Sourabh Rameshchandra Badjatia, Bhavna Harish Dave

Effect of Exposure to Positive Images of Dentistry on Dental Anxiety among 7 to 12 Years Old Children

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:176 - 179]

Keywords: Dental anxiety, Positive images, Venham picture test

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1260  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the effect of exposure to positive images of dentistry on dental anxiety among 7 to 12 years old children. Materials and methods: Controlled trial. Assessment of anxiety and analysis of data were conducted blind to experimental condition. Assessment of anxiety was carried out in the waiting room prior intervention, postintervention into the operatory during the treatment and again after the completion of treatment. Anticipatory anxiety was recorded by Venham's picture test (VPT). Participants: Sixty children of 7 to 12 years age group. Intervention: Participants were randomly assigned to one of two conditions. In both conditions the participant was asked to look at photographs for 2 minutes in the waiting area prior to their appointment. The intervention consisted of viewing positive images of dentistry and dental treatment (study group), the (control group) consisted of neutral images. The assessment of anticipatory dental anxiety was made blind to experimental condition and statistical analysis was conducted blind to group membership. Anticipatory anxiety assessed by the VPT. Results: A total of 60 subjects participated in the study and were equally and randomly allotted to study group (positive image) and control group (neutral image). The mean anxiety score found at waiting area before intervention, after intervention (OPD) and postoperative was statistically significant in study group. Post hoc comparison of anxiety score in study group showed high statistical significance. Conclusion: Positive dental images have an effect on reducing anxiety as compared to neutral images when measured by the VPT. How to cite this article: Gangwal RR, Badjatia SR, Dave BH. Effect of Exposure to Positive Images of Dentistry on Dental Anxiety among 7 to 12 Years Old Children. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):176 -179.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Indu Miriam Varkey, Rajmohan Shetty

Mercury Exposure Levels in Children with Dental Amalgam Fillings

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:180 - 185]

Keywords: Amalgam, Mercury levels, Hair sample, Urine sample, Toxicity

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1261  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objectives: Mercury combined with other metals to form solid amalgams has long been used in reconstructive dentistry but its use has been controversial since at least the middle of the 19th century. The exposure and body burden of mercury reviews have consistently stated that there is a deficiency of adequate epidemiological studies addressing this issue. Fish and dental amalgam are two major sources of human exposure to organic (MeHg) and inorganic Hg respectively. Materials and methods: A total of 150 subjects aged between 9 and 14 years were divided into two groups of 75 subjects each depending on their diet, i.e. seafood or nonseafood consuming. Each category was subdivided into three groups based on number of restorations. Scalp hair and urine samples were collected at baseline and 3 months later to assess the organic and inorganic levels of mercury respectively by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). Results: The mean values of urinary mercury (inorganic mercury) in the group of children with restorations were 1.5915 μg/l as compared to 0.0130 μg/l in the groups with no amalgam restorations (p < 0.001) (Wilcoxon sign rank test and paired t-test). The hair mercury levels (organic mercury) varied significantly between the fish-eating group and nonfish-eating group, the average values being 1.03 μg/l and 0.84 μg/l respectively (p < 0.001) (Mann-Whitney U-test and paired t-test). Conclusion and significance: The notion about the mercury being released from the amalgam restorations as a sole exposure source needs to be put to a rest, as environmental factors collectively overpower the exposure levels from restorations alone. How to cite this article: Varkey IM, Shetty R, Hegde A. Mercury Exposure Levels in Children with Dental Amalgam Fillings. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):180-185.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Raja Sekhar Vabbalareddy, Narasimha Rao V Vanga

Evaluating the Reliability of Three Different Dental Age Estimation Methods in Visakhapatnam Children

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:186 - 191]

Keywords: Age estimation, Chronologic age, Dental age, Demirjian's method, Willems method and Haavikko's method

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1262  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Dental age is important for treatment planning in the specialities of pedodontics and orthodontics. Although, Demirjian's method was considered standard for dental age estimation, it may not be reliable for all population. Aim: The goal of the study was to evaluate the reliability of Demirjian's, Haavikko's and Willems method of dental age estimation methods in Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh, India) children. Study design: One hundred and two children of 6 to 14 years old who underwent panaromic digital radiography for routine diagnostic purposes were included. Dental age was calculated using Demirjian's, Haavikko's and Willems methods and compared with chronologic age for each patient. Results: Dental age showed a significant overestimation by Demirjian's method with a mean difference of 0.55 year and underestimation by Haavikko's and Willems methods with a mean difference of 1.95 and 0.20 year respectively when compared with chronologic age. The mean difference between dental age and chronologic age was not significant in Willems method which shows a close relation between dental and chronologic ages. Conclusion: The dental age estimation by Willems method is found to be more accurate than Demirjian's and Haavikko's methods in Visakhapatnam children. How to cite this article: Patnana AK, Vabbalareddy RS, Vanga NRV. Evaluating the Reliability of Three Different Dental Age Estimation Methods in Visakhapatnam Children. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):186-191.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ashish Sharma

A Comparative Evaluation of Effect of Different Chemical Solvents on the Shear Bond Strength of Glass Fiber reinforced Post to Core Material

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:192 - 196]

Keywords: Shear bond strength, Glass fiber post, Core build up, Composite resin, Silane coupling agent, 6% Hydrogen peroxide, 37% Phosphoric acid

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1263  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: To compare the effect of different chemical solvents on glass fiber reinforced posts and to study the effect of these solvents on the shear bond strength of glass fiber reinforced post to core material. Materials and methods: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of three chemical solvents, i.e. silane coupling agent, 6% H2O2 and 37% phosphoric acid on the shear bond strength of glass fiber post to a composite resin restorative material. The changes in post surface characteristics after different treatments were also observed, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and shear bond strength was analyzed using universal testing machine (UTM). Results: Surface treatment with hydrogen peroxide had greatest impact on the post surface followed by 37% phosphoric acid and silane. On evaluation of the shear bond strength, 6% H2O2 exhibited the maximum shear bond strength followed in descending order by 37% phosphoric acid and silane respectively. Conclusion: The surface treatment of glass fiber post enhances the adhesion between the post and composite resin which is used as core material. Failure of a fiber post and composite resin core often occurs at the junction between the two materials. This failure process requires better characterization. How to cite this article: Sharma A, Samadi F, Jaiswal JN, Saha S. A Comparative Evaluation of Effect of Different Chemical Solvents on the Shear Bond Strength of Glass Fiber Reinforced Post to Core Material. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):192-196.

REVIEW ARTICLE

MD Indira, Kanika Singh Dhull, B Nandlal, Praveen Kumar PS, Rachita Singh Dhull

Biological Restoration in Pediatric Dentistry: A Brief Insight

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:197 - 201]

Keywords: Biological restoration, Early childhood caries, Primary teeth, Tooth bonding

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1264  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Dental caries is the most prevalent disease in humans, especially during early childhood. The restoration of such an extensive carious lesion should be done properly to reestablish their anatomy and hence their masticatory, phonetic, esthetic and space-maintainer functions in the dental arches. The consequences of premature loss of primary teeth are well known, namely the loss of vertical dimension of occlusion, tongue thrusting and mouth breathing habits, which can be the sources of future malocclusion. Satisfactory restoration of these teeth, improving esthetics, along with the management of space and function has always been a challenge for pediatric dentist. An ever increasing demand for esthetics has led to innovation and development of newer treatment modalities for these problems. In an attempt to widen the treatment options as biologically and conservatively as possible, tooth structure is used as a restorative material to rehabilitate severely destroyed tooth crowns. This technique consists of bonding sterile dental fragments, obtained either from the patient or from a tooth bank, to the teeth. Such a technique was termed as ‘biological restoration’. This article aims at reviewing the evolution, techniques and outcome of such biological restorations. How to cite this article: MD Indira, Dhull KS, Nandlal B, Kumar PSP, Dhull RS. Biological Restoration in Pediatric Dentistry: A Brief Insight. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):197-201.

CASE REPORT

Monalisa Das

Accessory Central Cusp in the Maxillary Second Primary Molars: A Rare Entity among the Rare

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:202 - 205]

Keywords: Accessory cusp, Central cusp, Dens evaginatus

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1265  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Central accessory cusp in primary molars is an extremely rare condition which is due to abnormal proliferation and folding of inner enamel epithelium during morphodifferentiation stage of tooth development. The extension of the pulp in the cuspal area is often the reason for early involvement of pulp by the caries process. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment planning is necessary to maintain the integrity of primary dental arch. This article reports such a case of central accessory cusps involving maxillary second primary molars. How to cite this article: Chandra B, Das M. Accessory Central Cusp in the Maxillary Second Primary Molars: A Rare Entity among the Rare. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):202-205.

CASE REPORT

Meera Mathai, J Eugenia Sherubin, PG Agnihotri, GS Sangeetha

Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of Child: A Rare Case

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:206 - 208]

Keywords: Adenoid cytic carcinoma, Child, Maxilla

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1266  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is the second most common malignant tumor affecting both major and minor salivary glands. Clinically, it is a slowly growing tumor with high propensity for local invasion, recurrence and distant metastasis. It is predominantly seen in the fifth and sixth decades of life. Here, we report a rare case of ACC affecting the right maxilla of a 12-year-old girl. How to cite this article: Mathai M, Sherubin JE, Agnihotri PG, Sangeetha GS. Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of Child: A Rare Case. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):206-208.

CASE REPORT

Suma Janya, Priyanka Gubrellay, Anupam Purwar, Shally Khanna

Prosthetic Rehabilitation of Ocular Defect resulting from Pediatric Retinoblastoma

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:209 - 212]

Keywords: Ocular defect, Orbital enucleation, Retinoblastoma, Quality of life

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1267  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Ocular defects result from tumor, congenital anomaly and external injury not only lead to serious impairment of function and esthetics but also make the patient psychologically disabled. Prosthetic rehabilitation attempts to restore these disfigurements may improve esthetic, level of function, general psychologic improvement and quality of life. This clinical report details an attempt to rehabilitate a pediatric patient who has undergone orbital enucleation resulting from retinoblastoma with the aid of custom ocular prosthesis using commercially available prefabricated eye shell. How to cite this article: Janya S, Gubrellay P, Purwar A, Khanna S. Prosthetic Rehabilitation of Ocular Defect resulting from Pediatric Retinoblastoma. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014; 7(3):209-212.

CASE REPORT

Vidya Chandran, Varghese Chacko, G Sivadas

Management of a Nonvital Young Permanent Tooth by Pulp Revascularization

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:213 - 216]

Keywords: Pulp revascularization, Young permanent teeth open apex, Nonvital

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1268  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

This report presents the case of a 10-year-old patient with a nonvital young permanent tooth which was managed by pulp revascularization. Following disinfection of the canal by irrigation with NaOCl and use of a triantibiotic paste, a scaffold was created by inducing the formation of a blood clot within the canal. At the subsequent follow-up visits, the patient was asymptomatic, with normal response to percussion, normal periodontal probing depths, and no abnormal mobility. The radiographs showed evidence of continued apical root development with increase in root length, signs of apical closure and increase in thickness of dentinal walls. Thus, this case adds to the growing evidence supporting the revascularization approach as an option for management of nonvital young permanent teeth. How to cite this article: Chandran V, Chacko V, Sivadas G. Management of a Nonvital Young Permanent Tooth by Pulp Revascularization. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):213-216.

CASE REPORT

Monika Bansal, Vinay Kumar Srivastava, Rajesh Bansal, Vineeta Gupta, Manish Bansal, Shashikant Patne

Severe Periodontal Disease Manifested in Chronic Disseminated Type of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis in a 3-Year Old Child

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:217 - 219]

Keywords: Floating teeth, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, Osteolytic lesion, Seborrheic dermatitis

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1269  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), previously known as histiocytosis X, is a rare idiopathic disorder of reticulo-endothelial system with abnormal proliferation of bone marrow derived Langerhans cells along with a variable number of leukocytes, such as eosinophils, neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells. Three years old male child presented with multifocal osteolytic lesions and papulosquamous skin lesions. Clinical and radiographic features, such as severe alveolar bone loss, mobility of teeth, precocious eruption of teeth, floating appearance of teeth in orthopantomogram (OPG), osteolytic lesion in skull and cutaneous lesions were highly suggestive of LCH disease. Skin biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of LCH. Induction chemotherapy with oral prednisolone and intravenous vinblastine was started. Child responded well to chemotherapy. The clinical significance of the presented case is to diagnose the case of LCH on the basis of the manifestation of severe periodontal disease as this can be first or only manifestation of LCH. A dentist plays a major role in the multidisciplinary treatment of LCH through routine examination and periodic follow-up. How to cite this article: Bansal M, Srivastava VK, Bansal R, Gupta V, Bansal M, Patne S. Severe Periodontal Disease Manifested in Chronic Disseminated Type of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis in a 3-Year Old Child. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):217-219.

CASE REPORT

Josna Vinutha Yadiki, Yellamma Bai Kategari, Pujita Chada, Venu Vallakatla

Can Milk Teeth be Impacted? Why Not: A Case of Six Impacted Primary Teeth

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:220 - 222]

Keywords: Impacted primary teeth, Ectodermal dysplasia, Surgical exposure

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1270  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The prevalence rate of impacted primary teeth is rare, still we can see impacted teeth in ectodermal dysplasia anhydrotic (EDA), endocrine deficiencies, metabolic disorders and local factors like cysts, tumors, trauma and thickened overlying bone or soft tissue. In cases of EDA, delayed tooth eruption is one of the characteristic finding. Present case report related to a rare case of primary teeth impaction of a 3 years old male child along with EDA. Intraoral examination and radiographs confirmed impacted primary maxillary and mandibular centrals and mandibular lateral incisors. Treatment carried out was surgical exposure of impacted primary teeth, then after patient was followed up for regular visits to check eruption status of the teeth. How to cite this article: Yadiki JV, Kategari YB, Chada P, Vallakatla V. Can Milk Teeth be Impacted? Why Not: A Case of Six Impacted Primary Teeth. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014; 7(3):220-222.

CASE REPORT

Farooque Jamaluddin Ahmed, Andrá Luis Shinohara, Salete Moura Bonifécio da Silva, Jesus Carlos Andreo, Antonio de Castro Rodrigues

Visible Epiglottis in Children

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:223 - 224]

Keywords: Epiglottis, Larynx, High-rising epiglottis

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1271  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Visible epiglottis is a rare anatomical variant which is usually asymptomatic without the need of any medical or surgical intervention. It is most commonly seen in children but there are some reports of its prevalence in adults too. Cases of visible epiglottis seem to be unfamiliar among dental professionals. In this report, we have attempted to present this anatomical variant of epiglottis in the field of dentistry by describing a case of an 8-year-old girl who presented to the department of pediatric dentistry for normal dental check-up unaware of the existence of the visible epiglottis. How to cite this article: Ahmed FJ, Shinohara AL, da Silva SMB, Andreo JC, de Castro Rodrigues A. Visible Epiglottis in Children. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):223-224.

CASE REPORT

Puneet Goenka, Aditi Sarawgi, Parvind Gumber, Samir Dutta

Simple Fixed Functional Space Maintainer

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:225 - 228]

Keywords: Space maintainer, Fiber-reinforced composite, Esthetic

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1272  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Premature loss of a primary tooth is one of the most common etiology for malocclusion. Space maintainers are employed to prevent this complication. In anterior region, esthetics is an important concern along with function and space management. Fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) retained space maintainer solves all these purposes efficiently and effectively. In addition, the technique is simple and the appliance is very comfortable inside the oral cavity. Here is a case of premature loss of anterior primary tooth which was replaced by FRC retained esthetic functional space maintainer. The appliance was found to be functioning satisfactorily inside the oral cavity till the last visit (1 Year). How to cite this article: Goenka P, Sarawgi A, Marwah N, Gumber P, Dutta S. Simple Fixed Functional Space Maintainer. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):225-228.

CASE REPORT

Varsha Sunil Manekar, Ankush Chavan, Kavita Wadde, Vishal Dewalwar

Cysts in Periradicular Region of Deciduous Molars in Mixed Dentition: Retrospective Study of Five Cases

[Year:2014] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7] [Number:3] [Pages:7] [Pages No:229 - 235]

Keywords: Cyst, Radicular cyst, Dentigerous cyst, Deciduous molar, Developing premolar

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1273  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The cyst in mixed dentition stage cause expansion of buccal cortex, displacement of teeth and may present as case of infection. The cyst in periradicular region of deciduous molar are of frequent occurrence. The differential diagnosis of this lesion is radicular cysts of deciduous molar: developmental or inflammatory dentigerous cyst of corresponding unerupted premolar. After going through the available literature of radicular cyst of deciduous molars and dentigerous cysts of developing premolars in mixed dentition we studied the five cases of cyst in periradicular region of deciduous molars in mixed dentition retrospectively for the diagnostic dilemma of radicular cyst verses dentigerous cyst. In conclusion, we can set some criteria for the diagnosis which is particularly important for treatment and for conservation of developing premolar. How to cite this article: Manekar VS, Chavan A, Wadde K, Dewalwar V. Cysts in Periradicular Region of Deciduous Molars in Mixed Dentition: Retrospective Study of Five Cases. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):229-235.

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