International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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2013 | September-December | Volume 6 | Issue 3

Guest Editorial

Charles Lekic

Guest Editorial

[Year:2013] [Month:September-December] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

   DOI: 10.5005/ijcpd-6-3-v  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Geeta Verma, Mridula Trehan, Sunil Sharma

Comparison of Shear Bond Strength and Estimation of Adhesive Remnant Index between Light-cure Composite and Dual-cure Composite: An in vitro Study

[Year:2013] [Month:September-December] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:166 - 170]

Keywords: Light-cure,Dual-cure,Shear bond strength,Adhesive remnant index

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1212  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims and objectives: To measure and compare the shear bond strength and adhesive remnant index of light-cure composite. (Enlight, Ormco.) and dual-cure composite (Phase II dual cure, Reliance Ortho).

Materials and methods: Sixty extracted human premolar teeth were divided into two groups: group I (blue): conventional light

cure composite resin. (Enlight, Ormco.) and group II (green): dual cure composite resin. (Phase II dual cure, Reliance Ortho.) with 30 teeth in each group. These samples were tested on the universal testing machine to measure the shear bond strength.

Results: Student t-test showed that the mean shear bond strength of the conventional light cure group (8.54 MPa - 10.42 MPa) was significantly lower than dual cure group (10.45 MPa - 12.17 MPa).

Conclusion: These findings indicate that the shear bond strength of dual-cure composite resin (Phase II dual cure, Reliance Ortho) is comparatively higher than conventional lightcure composite resin (Enlight, Ormco). In the majority of the samples, adhesive remnant index (ARI) scores were 4 and 5 in both the groups whereas score 1 is attained by the least number of samples in both the groups.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

AR Prabhakar, Swapnil Taur, Savita Hadakar, S Sugandhan

Comparison of Antibacterial Efficacy of Calcium Hydroxide Paste, 2% Chlorhexidine Gel and Turmeric Extract as an Intracanal Medicament and their Effect on Microhardness of Root Dentin: An in vitro Study

[Year:2013] [Month:September-December] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:7] [Pages No:171 - 177]

Keywords: Intracanal medicaments, Ca(OH)2, 2% Chlorhexidine gel, Turmeric extract, Microhardness

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1213  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate and compare the antibacterial efficacy of turmeric extract as an intracanal medicament against E. faecalis and its effect on the microhardness of root dentin in comparison with calcium hydroxide and 2% chlorhexidine gel. Materials and methods: One hundred and fourty dentin blocks were prepared from 70 extracted human single-rooted teeth and standardized. For antibacterial assessment, 120 blocks were infected for 21 days with E. faecalis (n = 24/group). Dentin blocks were treated with group I (Ca(OH)2), group II (2% chlorhexidine gel), group III (turmeric extract), group IV (saline) and group V (negative control). Dentin shavings were obtained in TSB at depth of 400 μm and plated to count CFUs at 24 hours, 3 and 7 days (n = 8/day). For microhardness assessment, eight samples of 2 mm thickness were prepared form four dentin blocks (n = 8/group). Following treatment with medicaments, microhardness test was performed at 24 hours, 3 and 7 days using Vickers hardness indentation machine at 400 μm from canal lumen. Results: Complete inhibition of E. faecalis was observed with group II, followed by 64% with group I and 54% with group III which was statistically highly significant (p < 0.001). Highest effect on microhardness of root dentin was shown by group I, followed by group II and no effect was seen with group III which was statistically highly significant (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Turmeric extract has substantial antibacterial activity with no effect on microhardness of root dentine and hence has a potential to be used as intracanal medicament if its antibacterial activity could be enhanced. How to cite this article: Prabhakar AR, Swapnil T, Savita H, Sugandhan S. Comparison of Antibacterial Efficacy of Calcium Hydroxide Paste, 2% Chlorhexidine Gel and Turmeric Extract as an Intracanal Medicament and their Effect on Microhardness of Root Dentin: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):171-177.

CASE REPORT

Ramesh Kumaresan, Priyadarshini Karthikeyan, Faraz Mohammed, Thapasum Fairozekhan Arishiya

A Novel Technique for the Management of Blandin-Nuhn Mucocele: A Case Report

[Year:2013] [Month:September-December] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:201 - 204]

Keywords: Mucocele, Glands of Blandin-Nuhn, Tongue

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1219  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Mucocele, a common benign cystic lesion of minor salivary gland and associated ducts develops following extravasation or retention of mucous material in the subepithelial tissue. Occurrence of mucocele of tongue is considered less frequent when compared to a higher incidence of mucocele in the lower lip of young patients. Different modalities of treatment, such as conventional surgical excision followed by newer techniques like cryosurgery, electrocautery have been proposed to completely remove the lesion and reduce the chances of recurrence. Herewith, we report a novel treatment technique using alginate impression material to aid in complete excision of mucocele of glands of Blandin-Nuhn. How to cite this article: Kumaresan R, Karthikeyan P, Mohammed F, Fairozekhan TA. A Novel Technique for the Management of Blandin-Nuhn Mucocele: A Case Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(3):201-204.

CASE REPORT

Sultan Tayyeb Khan

Cutaneous Sinus Tract in Association with Traumatic Injury to the Teeth

[Year:2013] [Month:September-December] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:205 - 207]

Keywords: Odontogenic infections, Cutaneous sinus tract, Surgical endodontics

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1220  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The present case report is of trauma episode of the lower anterior teeth, causing pulpal necrosis with periradicular periodontitis, resulting in the occurrence of cutaneous sinus tracts (fistula). Previous misdiagnosis and inappropriate medical treatment were ineffective. Only when properly referred to dentists, the differential diagnosis was made. The guideline to diagnose cutaneous sinus tracts (fistula) is based mainly on accurate pulp sensitivity tests of the involved traumatized teeth. Intraoral and dental examinations are critical in making the diagnosis. The case presented here shows that cutaneous odontogenic sinus tracts associated in traumatized teeth, even in absence of caries or tooth fracture. How to cite this article: Mishra R, Khan TS. Cutaneous Sinus Tract in Association with Traumatic Injury to the Teeth. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(3):205-207.

CASE REPORT

Sonu Acharya, Swagatika Panda, Kanika Singh Dhull, Ranjan Sujit Sahoo, Prayas Ray

Gorlin Syndrome with Bilateral Polydactyly: A Rare Case Report

[Year:2013] [Month:September-December] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:208 - 212]

Keywords: Basal cell nevus syndrome, Carcinoma, Odontogenic keratocyst, Gorlin-Goltz syndrome

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1221  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Gorlin\'s syndrome is a rare disorder transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by multiple disorders involving multiple systems. We present a case of 11-year-old male child presenting with multiple odontogenic keratocyst to the dental clinic. Retrograde diagnosis of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome was made after clinical and radiological investigation. How to cite this article: Acharya S, Panda S, Dhull KS, Sahoo SR, Ray P. Gorlin Syndrome with Bilateral Polydactyly: A Rare Case Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(3):208-212.

CASE REPORT

Ila Srinivasan, Udhya Jaganathan, Arihant Bhandari

Miniplate for Osteosynthesis in a 9-Year-Old with Symphysis Fracture: Clinical Report

[Year:2013] [Month:September-December] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:213 - 216]

Keywords: Symphysis fracture, Open reduction and rigid internal fixation, Miniplate, Osteosynthesis

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1222  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Osteosynthesis using minimum material in pediatric mandibular fractures is the key, due to the limited space available in the mandible, especially in the mental foramen and apical region. There is an important role of open reduction and rigid internal fixation in re-establishing facial height, width and projection. During the early years of growth and development, there is a high osteogenic potential of the bones. The thick periosteum allows for rapid consolidation and remodeling at the site of fracture. Primary teeth have short, bulbous crowns which compromise stable maxillomandibular fixation during fracture reduction and stabilization using traditional methods. Further, stability of the fractured segments may be hampered because of the displaced or mobile permanent anterior teeth in the mixed dentition along the line of fracture. This clinical report outlines the use of miniplate with monocortical screws in a 9-year-old boy with symphysis fracture. How to cite this article: Srinivasan I, Kumar N, Jaganathan U, Bhandari A. Miniplate for Osteosynthesis in a 9-Year-Old with Symphysis Fracture: Clinical Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(3):213-216.

CASE REPORT

Hisham Yehia El Batawi

Minimizing the Risk of Perioperative Bleeding in a Child with Hemophilia A during Dental Rehabilitation under General Anesthesia: A Case Report

[Year:2013] [Month:September-December] [Volume:6] [Number:3] [Pages:6] [Pages No:217 - 222]

Keywords: Child, Dental rehabilitation, General anesthesia, Hemophilia, Bleeding

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1223  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Hemophilia, among other bleeding disorders, raises concerns for dental service providers who routinely use sharp hand and rotary instruments, address highly vascular soft tissue and provide dental extractions. In pediatric dentistry, dealing with fearful or irritable children increases the possibility of trauma and subsequent bleeding risks in hemophilic pediatric dental patients. In the current report, we discuss how anesthetic, pediatric and dental management may contribute to the delivery of safe and complete dental treatment for such children. This report describes the safe performance of dental treatments, including multiple extractions under general anesthesia, in a hemophilic child. How to cite this article: El Batawi HY. Minimizing the Risk of Perioperative Bleeding in a Child with Hemophilia A during Dental Rehabilitation under General Anesthesia: A Case Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(3):217-222.

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