International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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2013 | May-August | Volume 6 | Issue 2

EDITORIAL

The Author Files: Who should be the First Author…

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

   DOI: 10.5005/ijcpd-6-2-v  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Apa Juntavee, Niwut Juntavee, Jomjai Peerapattana, Nartsajee Nualkaew, Sitikorn Sutthisawat

Comparison of Marginal Microleakage of Glass Ionomer Restorations in Primary Molars Prepared by Chemomechanical Caries Removal (CMCR), Erbium: Yttrium Aluminum-Garnet (Er:YAG) Laser and Atraumatic Restorative Technique (ART)

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:75 - 79]

Keywords: Marginal microleakage, Glass ionomer restorations, Chemomechanical caries removal, Erbium:yttrium aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser, Atraumatic restorative technique

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1193  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: It is important to emphasize that the aspects of pretreatment techniques, as well as the composition and mechanism of adhesion, may decisively influence the effectiveness of the restorative materials in sealing cavity margins and preventing marginal leakage. Aims: This study assessed the in vitro influence of surface preparation techniques on the microleakage of glass ionomer restorations in primary teeth. Materials and methods: The study groups were divided into three different techniques: (1) The chemomechanical caries removal (CMCR) method using the Apacaries gel, (2) the erbium:yttrium aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser method and (3) the atraumatic restorative technique (ART). The teeth restored with a glass ionomer restorative material (Fuji IX GP capsule, GC Corporation, Tokyo, Japan). The dye penetration was measured in micrometers using a polarized light microscope and specific computer software. Results: The results showed that the mean microleakage level after was lowest with the CMCR method using Apacaries gel and highest with the Er:YAG laser. There was a statistically significant difference regarding the mean microleakage level between the group with the CMCR method using Apacaries gel and the Er:YAG laser. Conclusion: Marginal leakage was significantly higher with preparations made using the Er:YAG laser than with the CMCR method using Apacaries gel and spoon excavator (p < 0.05). How to cite this article: Juntavee A, Juntavee N, Peerapattana J, Nualkaew N, Sutthisawat S. Comparison of Marginal Microleakage of Glass Ionomer Restorations in Primary Molars Prepared by Chemomechanical Caries Removal (CMCR), Erbium: Yttrium Aluminum-Garnet (Er:YAG) Laser and Atraumatic Restorative Technique (ART). Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):75-79.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Renu Chaturvedi, Ashish Kumar, Abhai Aggarwal, Lokesh Chandra

A Correlation of Permanent Anterior Tooth Fracture with Type of Occlusion and Craniofacial Morphology

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:80 - 84]

Keywords: Tooth fracture, Craniofacial morphology, Occlusion

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1194  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims: To assess the relationship of anterior tooth fractures with type of occlusion and craniofacial morphology. Materials and methods: The study was conducted on 76 subjects of age group 9 to 13 years with at least one fractured permanent anterior teeth. Lateral cephalograms were taken and study models were prepared for each subject with prior consent of their parents. Then cephalometric tracings were done and overjet was recorded through study models. Statistical analysis used: Standard error of mean (SEM) and unpaired t-test has been applied to test the significant difference between the seven parameters under consideration. Karl Pearson correlation test has also been used to correlate all the parameters used in this study with each other. All the tests were performed at 5 and 1% levels of significance. Results: Frequency of tooth fracture increases with increasing overjet. At 5% level of significance, significant difference were observed between the standard values and observed values for overjet measurement, SNA angle, SNB angle, ANB angle, upper incisor to NA (angle), upper incisor to NA (linear) and interincisal angle for overall data and also for both male and female data separately. Conclusion: Probability of permanent anterior tooth fracture increases with increasing overjet. A significant difference was observed between the standard value and the observed values of all parameters under consideration. How to cite this article: Chaturvedi R, Kumar A, Rana V, Aggarwal A, Chandra L. A Correlation of Permanent Anterior Tooth Fracture with Type of Occlusion and Craniofacial Morphology. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):80-84.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Anirudh Agarwal, Harsh Pandey, Lavesh Pandey, Garima Choudhary

Effect of Fluoridated Toothpaste on White Spot Lesions in Postorthodontic Patients

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:85 - 88]

Keywords: White spot lesions, Prevalence, Demineralization, Dental plaque

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1195  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: This article illustrates a new treatment approach and evaluates the effect of use of fluoridated toothpaste on the remineralization of white spot lesions (WSLs) diagnosed at debonding. Materials and methods: Thirty-one orthodontic patients (mean age: 19.6 years), with a minimum of four WSLs on the buccal surfaces of the maxillary and mandibular incisors, canines, premolars and first molars after orthodontic therapy, were enrolled in a double-blind, randomized, longitudinal trial lasting 8 weeks. The subjects were divided into two groups using fluoridated toothpaste (test group, n = 31) and nonfluoridated toothpaste (control group, n = 31). A custom-made mouth tray, covering the maxillary dentition, was used while brushing with the fluoridated toothpaste three times per day. Maxillary dentition acted as control and mandibular as the test. The WSLs were scored by using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS II) index, at baseline and 8 weeks after debonding. Results: The ICDAS II index of the WSLs decreased in the test group in the mandibular dentition but not on the maxillary dentition during the 8-week trial (p < 0.0001). There was also a slight improvement in the control group (not significant). Conclusion: The frequent use of fluoridated toothpaste had a remineralizing effect on WSLs. How to cite this article: Agarwal A, Pandey H, Pandey L, Choudhary G. Effect of Fluoridated Toothpaste on White Spot Lesions in Postorthodontic Patients. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):85-88.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Poorva Khullar, Shailendra Gupta, Rohit Kumar Khatri

A Survey Report on Effect of Root Canal Fillings and Coronal Restorations on the Periapical Status of Endodontically Treated Teeth in a Selected Group of Population

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:89 - 94]

Keywords: Apical periodontitis, Endodontic treatment, Coronal restoration, Root fillings

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1196  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: A cross-sectional radiographic orthopantomogram (OPG) survey was done to determine the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) in root canal–treated teeth in a selected population, and to evaluate the influence of the coronal restorations (CR) and root canal fillings on the periapical status. Materials and methods: A total of 250 OPGs were evaluated out of which root canal treatment (RCT) had been performed in 438 teeth which was taken as the sample size. Statistical analysis used: Chi-square test, odds ratio and p-values were recorded. Results: The results showed that 53.1% of the endodontically treated teeth presented with AP radiographically. Incidence of AP among teeth with acceptable RCT (32.3%) was significantly lower than those suffering from unacceptable RCT (92.7%). Moreover, adequate CR demonstrated a significantly better periapical status (83.2%) compared to teeth with inadequate CR (37.2%). Also, the combination of adequate CR and adequate root filling resulted in significantly reduced incidence of AP (21.6%) compared to the presence of AP (97%) when both parameters scored as inadequate. Conclusion: Results hence demonstrated that a well-performed RCT and well-sealing CR are both essential for the overall success of endodontic treatment. Therefore, a considerable improvement in the quality of RCT and CR in general dental practice is required to promote oral/periapical health. How to cite this article: Khullar P, Raisingani D, Gupta S, Khatri RK. A Survey Report on Effect of Root Canal Fillings and Coronal Restorations on the Periapical Status of Endodontically Treated Teeth in a Selected Group of Population. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):89-94.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sumit Bembi, Nitika Bembi Narula, Amit Sood, Amarjeet Gambhir

To Evaluate the Effect of Different Adhesive Materials on the Microleakage of Bonded Amalgam Restorations: An in vitro Study

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:95 - 99]

Keywords: Amalgam, Microleakage, Dentin adhesives, Copal varnish

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1197  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

This study evaluated the ability of different adhesive materials in reducing the microleakage in class V amalgam restorations. Standardized class V cavities were prepared on the facial surface of 56 noncarious human premolars, they were then randomly divided into control and experimental groups based on adhesives used. Group I was the control group with copal varnish, group II had Panavia F 2.0, group III contained Vitrebond Plus and group IV had RelyX ARC as adhesives. Amalgam was hand condensed into each preparation after application of adhesive material. Specimens were thermocycled, stained and sectioned. Microleakage was graded using a stereomicroscope. Less leakage was observed in all experimental groups compared to control group (p < 0.01) on nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test. Mann-Whitney test observed leakage was more extensive at the gingival margins (p < 0.01) in all restorations than at occlusal margins. Group III showed no leakage which was significantly different from other groups (p < 0.05). Hence, this study concluded that application of intermediate adhesive material before condensation of amalgam can act as an effective barrier for microleakage. How to cite this article: Bembi S, Bembi NN, Sood A, Gambhir A. To Evaluate the Effect of Different Adhesive Materials on the Microleakage of Bonded Amalgam Restorations: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):95-99.

REVIEW ARTICLE

MK Jindal, Saima Yunus Khan

How to Feed Cleft Patient?

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:100 - 103]

Keywords: Cleft lip and palate, Infancy, Feeding

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1198  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Cleft lip and palate patients have all rights like other normal individuals, to enjoy the benefits of nourishment. Knowledge has to be there about the different feeding positions like straddle, dancer hand position along with the use of specially designed bottles and nipples. Parent\'s should be trained about the correct positions of feeding, in extreme of the cases in which parents are not able to follow these instructions, feeding obturators can be given. How to cite this article: Jindal MK, Khan SY. How to Feed Cleft Patient? Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):100-103.

CASE REPORT

Rakesh N Bahadure, Eesha Surendraji Jain, Gautam P Badole

Gorlin and Goltz Syndrome: A Case Report with Surgical Review

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:104 - 108]

Keywords: Basal cell carcinoma, Gorlin syndrome, Nevoid basal cell carcinoma, Odontogenic keratocysts, Palmar/Plantar pits, Bifid rib, Internal strabismus

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1199  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Gorlin and Goltz syndrome are a very complex syndrome and a multisystemic process that is characterized by the presence of multiple pigmented basocellular carcinomas, keratocysts in the jaws, palmar and/or plantar pits and calcification of the falx cerebri. Along with these major features a great number minor features have also been described which involves numerous skeletical, dermatology related, neurological, ophthalmological and reproductive anomalies. It exhibits high penetrance and variable expressivity. Presented here is the case of Gorlin-Goltz in a 12 years old male patient which was diagnosed through its oral and maxillofacial manifestations. Treatment of odontogenic keratocyst was done by enucleation without primary suturing. Iodoform dressing was kept to enhance the healing and to reduce the recurrence of the lesion. It is important to provide the early diagnosis for detection of clinical and radiological manifestations in young patients and for provision of advice concerning preventive treatment like protection of the skin from the sunlight and genetic sensitivity testing so that possible complications associated with this syndrome can be prevented. How to cite this article: Bahadure RN, Jain ES, Badole GP. Gorlin and Goltz Syndrome: A Case Report with Surgical Review. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):104-108.

CASE REPORT

KB Bimal Krishna, Valsa Thomas, Jayasree Kattoor, P Kusumakumari

A Radiological Review of Ewing's Sarcoma of Mandible: A Case Report with One Year Follow-up

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:109 - 114]

Keywords: Ewing\'s sarcoma, Mandible, Malignant

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1200  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Ewing\'s sarcoma (ES) is an uncommon round cell tumor with an aggressive course affecting mainly children and young adults. Only 1% of cases is reported with jaw involvement and have mandibular predilection. Radiographic finding in ES reflect many destructive nature of the lesion, like osteolysis, cortical erosion, periostitis and soft tissue mass. A case of ES of the mandible is reported with special consideration to the radiological appearance. How to cite this article: Krishna KBB, Thomas V, Kattoor J, Kusumakumari P. A Radiological Review of Ewing\'s Sarcoma of Mandible: A Case Report with One Year Follow-up. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):109-114.

CASE REPORT

Diana Noshir Mehta

Cornelia De-Lange Syndrome: A Case Report

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:115 - 118]

Keywords: Cornelia de-Lange syndrome, Craniofacial, Diagnosis

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1201  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Cornelia de-Lange syndrome is a congenital anomaly syndrome characterized by distinctive facial dysmorphism, primordial short stature, hirsutism, and upper limb reduction defects that range from subtle phalangeal abnormalities to oligodactyly. Craniofacial features include synophrys, arched eyebrows, long eyelashes, small widely spaced teeth and microcephaly. IQ ranges from between 30 and 102 with an average of 53. Many individuals demonstrate autistic and self-destructive tendencies. It is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by specific gene mutations and occurrence is one in 30,000 to 50,000 children. This article describes a report of a classical case of the syndrome of a 10-year-old boy and emphasizes the oral and systemic findings. The role of the pediatric dentist, with his expertize in prevention, skills of behavior management and timely referral to medical speciality, is of paramount importance in the management of children with this syndrome. How to cite this article: Mehta DN, Bhatia R. Cornelia De-Lange Syndrome: A Case Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):115-118.

CASE REPORT

G Ravi Kumar, Basheer Ahmed Syed, N Prasad, SP Praveen

Chronic Suppurative Osteomyelitis of Subcondylar Region: A Case Report

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:119 - 123]

Keywords: Osteomyelitis, Chronic suppurative, Sequestra, Surgical debridement

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1202  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Chronic suppurative osteomyelitis (CSO) of the maxillofacial region is primarily caused by infections of odontogenic microorganisms. It may also arise as a complication of dental extractions, maxillofacial trauma, inadequate treatment of a fracture and irradiation to the mandible. This condition is characterized by areas of devitalized bone (sequestra) which serves as a nidus for recurrent episodes of infection. This case report describes a case of CSO in an untreated right subcondylar fracture of the mandible which was successfully treated with a combination of antibiotic therapy and surgical debridement in an 8-year-old boy. How to cite this article: Kumar GR, Syed BA, Prasad N, Praveen SP. Chronic Suppurative Osteomyelitis of Subcondylar Region: A Case Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2): 119-123.

CASE REPORT

Harpreet Kalsi, Jolie Scannell

Unusual Presentation of an Intraosseous Hemangioma of the Maxilla and Displaced Canine

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:124 - 126]

Keywords: Intraosseous hemangioma, Maxilla, Ectopic canine

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1203  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Intraosseous hemangiomas are benign vascular malformations which are extremely rare in the maxilla, but have been reported in the mandible, zygoma and orbital region. A 12 years old female presented to the oral and maxillofacial department with an ectopically positioned upper left canine in her zygomatic bone and buccal alveolar expansion between the upper left lateral incisor and upper left first premolar. This case shows the unusual presentation of an intraosseous hemangioma associated with an ectopically migrated upper left canine tooth. It is possible that this lesion caused migration of the tooth. The clinician should be aware of the possibility of this lesion for bony expansile lesions and the importance of radiographic examination in patients who present with delayed eruption of canine teeth. How to cite this article: Kalsi H, Scannell J. Unusual Presentation of an Intraosseous Hemangioma of the Maxilla and Displaced Canine. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):124-126.

CASE REPORT

Narendra S Sharma

Riding Pontic: A Tool to Keep Patients Smiling

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:127 - 131]

Keywords: Corrective orthodontics, Adult orthodontics, Esthetic

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1204  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

All patients expect a beautiful smile at the completion of orthodontic treatment, but some patients show concern regarding their appearance while undergoing treatment. The appearance of a gap from a missing tooth can be a concern, especially if it is in the display zone of a patient\'s smile. If the treatment plan includes prosthetic replacement of the missing tooth rather then space closure, then space maintenance is also an issue. In an appearance conscious patient use of riding pontic as space maintainers is a good option during treatment. How to cite this article: Sharma NS. Riding Pontic: A Tool to Keep Patients Smiling. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2): 127-131.

CASE REPORT

Pallavi Vashisth, Swati Dwivedi, Satyaki Arora, Sandeep Mayall

Multiple Bilateral Taurodontic Teeth in Primary Dentition: A Case Report

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:132 - 133]

Keywords: Bilateral, Multiple taurodontism, Deciduous teeth, Pulp chamber

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1205  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Taurodontism describes the tendency for the body of the tooth to enlarge at the expense of the roots. An enlarged pulp chamber, apical displacement of the pulpal floor, and no constriction at the level of the cementoenamel junction are the characteristic features. These anatomic variations may hinder location of canal orifices, complete removal of pulp, proper instrumentation and obturation. Importance of radiographic interpretation for the diagnosis of this alteration cannot be overlooked. This article describes a case of multiple bilateral taurodontism involving all the deciduous molars in a 3½ year old female. The child reported with a chief complaint of multiple carious lesions. How to cite this article: Vashisth P, Dwivedi S, Arora S, Mayall S. Multiple Bilateral Taurodontic Teeth in Primary Dentition: A Case Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):132-133.

CASE REPORT

Seema Gupta

Use of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate in Surgical and Conventional Endodontics: A Report of Five Cases

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:134 - 139]

Keywords: Apexification, Calcium hydroxide, Mineral trioxide aggregate

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1206  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Facial trauma that results in fractured, displaced or lost teeth can have significant negative functional, esthetic and psychological effects on children. An acute dental trauma may imply impact to the hard dental tissues and damage to the pulp and periodontium, ultimately leading to partial or total pulp necrosis and/or root resorption. Apexification is a commonly used procedure for treating and preserving immature permanent teeth that have lost pulp vitality. Immature teeth undergoing apexification were earlier filled with calcium hydroxide paste for the purpose of disinfection and induction of an apical calcific barrier. However, certain drawbacks led to the use of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) to fill the apical end without the need for calcific barrier formation. This article demonstrates the use of MTA as an apical barrier material for root-end closure in the permanent teeth of five patients. How to cite this article: Gupta S, Goswami M. Use of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate in Surgical and Conventional Endodontics: A Report of Five Cases. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2): 134-139

CASE REPORT

Tapan Singh, Ronauk Singh, Gurendra Pal Singh, Jitender pal Singh

Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Felicitous Approach to Esthetic and Prosthetic Management

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:140 - 145]

Keywords: Ectodermal dysplasia, Anodontia, Prosthodontic rehabilitation

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1207  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Ectodermal dysplasia is a hereditary disease characterized by congenital dysplasia of one or more ectodermal structure and other accessory appendages. The oral manifestations are anodontia and poor bony foundation which impairs both esthetic as well as the masticatory function. The prosthodontic management of patients with such dysplastic condition necessitates a multidisciplinary approach. This case report describes the prosthodontic oral rehabilitation of a 16 years old female pediatric patient with ectodermal dysplasia. How to cite this article: Singh T, Singh R, Singh GP, Singh JP. Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Felicitous Approach to Esthetic and Prosthetic Management. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):140-145.

CASE REPORT

Tarasingh Patloth, Sharada J Reddy

Surgically Treated Central Giant Cell Granuloma in Six-Year-Old Child: A Case Report

[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:146 - 149]

Keywords: Central giant cell granuloma, Maxilla, Partial maxillectomy

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1208  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) is a benign intraosseous lesion of the jaws that is found predominantly in children and young adults. Although benign, it may be locally aggressive, causing extensive bone destruction, tooth displacement and root resorption. The common therapy is aggressive curettage, peripheral ostectomy or resection, which may be associated with loss of teeth and in younger patient\'s loss of dental germs. In this article, a 6-year-old girl with CGCG is successfully treated surgically and this treatment is discussed along with review of the literature. How to cite this article: Patloth T, Reddy SJ. Surgically Treated Central Giant Cell Granuloma in Six-Year-Old Child: A Case Report. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):146-149.

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