Body mass index, Carbonated beverages, Deciduous dentition, Dental caries, Oral hygiene, Socioeconomic status
Citation Information :
Kapil D, Saraf BG, Sheoran N, Srivastava P, Singh S, Singh R. To Assess the Prevalence of Dental Caries and Its Association with Body Mass Index, Socioeconomic Status, Dietary Habits, and Oral Hygiene among 6–12-year-old Children in Faridabad. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2023; 16 (4):626-632.
Aim: The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence of dental caries and the body mass index (BMI) in included school-going children. Moreover, to examine the relationship between the prevalence of dental caries, BMI, and socioeconomic (SES) status and to evaluate sugar consumption and other dietary habits as risk factors for dental caries.
Materials and methods: The present cross-sectional study was performed among 400 school-going children aged 6–12 years from Faridabad city, Haryana. Parents filled out questionnaires for their respective children. The clinical examination of dental caries was performed according to World Health Organization (WHO) 1997. The BMI calculation was done by measuring height and weight.
Statistical analysis: The collected data were analyzed statistically using parametric and nonparametric tests.
Results: The prevalence of dental caries in deciduous teeth was 95.5% and in permanent teeth was 47.3%, respectively.
Conclusion: This study displayed the positive correlation of dental caries to BMI, oral hygiene practices, beverages, aerated drinks, chips, candy, and tea/coffee. Whereas the SES status and dietary habits Jam group variable had no significance in relation to dental caries.
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