Citation Information :
Elizabeth S, Garg S, Paul S, Chawla M. Impact on Quality of Life and Risk Factors Associated with Visible Maxillary Incisors Trauma among Young Children in Faridabad, Haryana. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (6):652-659.
Aim: To assess the impact of upper incisor trauma on the quality of life (QoL) in young children studying between the age group 8 and 13 years in Faridabad, Haryana.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted to assess the visible permanent maxillary incisor traumas according to the classification of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and to determine the predisposing risk factors that affect TDI and their impact on QoL in children aged 8–13 years. Questionnaires were made to gather information on demographic and socioeconomic characteristics like age, gender, and the father's and mother's education. Data on dental caries in anterior teeth were also collected using current World Health Organization criteria.
Result: There were a total of 66 males and 24 females. The total decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) prevalence observed was 8.9%. The main reason for trauma was found to be an accident or accidental fall (36.7%). The most common place for trauma followed by road (21.1%). Time lapsed from the injury reported was >1 year in males (34.8%), while it was within 1 year (41.7%) in females (p = 0.014). The most prevalent and impacted performance was smiling (80.0%; m = 8.7778 ± 8.658), and the least affected was speaking (4.4%; m = 0.5111 ± 3.002).
Conclusion: A number of risk factors need to be considered when assessing TDIs, as TDIs can have a negative impact on the functional, social, and psychological well-being of young children. As they are frequent in children, affecting teeth, their supporting structures, and adjacent soft tissues, they may cause both functional and esthetic problems.
Clinical significance: When injuries to incisor(s) produce pain, disfigurement, poor aesthetics, or other psychological effects, children may avoid laughing or smiling, and this can affect their social relationships. So, it is important to address the risk factors that predispose upper front teeth to TDIs.
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