International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 5 ( September-October, 2022 ) > List of Articles


Oral Health Implications and Dental Management of Diabetic Children

Sotiria Davidopoulou, Anna Bitzeni-Nigdeli, Chrysoula Archaki, Aristidis Arhakis

Keywords : Children, Dental management, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Oral health

Citation Information : Davidopoulou S, Bitzeni-Nigdeli A, Archaki C, Arhakis A. Oral Health Implications and Dental Management of Diabetic Children. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (5):631-635.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2426

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-01-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Aim: To review the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on the oral health status of children. Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most severe chronic diseases in children and adolescents. It appears as type 1 DM and type 2 DM. Children are mainly diagnosed with type 1 DM. Genetic, as well as environmental factors, contribute to disease risk, indicating a multifactorial etiology. Early symptoms may vary from polyuria to anxiety or depression disorders. Review results: A variety of signs and symptoms have been reported regarding the oral health of DM children. Both dental and periodontal health is compromised. Qualitative and quantitative changes in saliva have also been reported. Moreover, there is a direct effect of type 1 DM on oral microflora and increased sensitivity to infections. A variety of protocols have been developed regarding the dental treatment of diabetic children. Conclusion: Children with diabetes, due to the increased risk of periodontal disease and dental caries, are recommended to follow an intensive prevention program and a diet with strict instructions. Clinical significance: The dental care provided to children with DM should be personalized, and all patients should follow a strict program of reexaminations. Moreover, the dentist may evaluate oral signs and symptoms of inadequately controlled diabetes and, in coordination with the patient's physician, can play a crucial role in maintaining oral and general health.

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