International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2022 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

First Dental Visit: Age Reasons Oral Health Status and Dental Treatment Needs among Children Aged 1 Month to 14 Years

Neha Padung, Sukhdeep Singh, Neha Awasthi

Keywords : American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Early childhood caries, First dental visit, Oral health

Citation Information : Padung N, Singh S, Awasthi N. First Dental Visit: Age Reasons Oral Health Status and Dental Treatment Needs among Children Aged 1 Month to 14 Years. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (4):394-397.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2406

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 17-12-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to see the age and also the reasons for the child's first dental visit and to assess the oral health status and treatment desires. Materials and methods: The study involved 133 children aged between 1 month and 14 years, who reported to the department of pediatric and preventive dentistry. All parents/legal guardians of the study participants gave written consent for participation in the study. Information on the child's age and reason for the dental visit were collected from a questionnaire given to parents. The children's dental condition was assessed by decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) and DMFT values. Statistical analysis used: Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21 and categorical data were compared by using Chi-square test. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Result: Age of the child for first dental visit was male: 85.7% at 9 years and female: 75.00% at 4 years. Majority of children who visited the dentist were age 7 years. The most common chief complaint about the primary visit was caries, and the second was tooth pain. Conclusion: Children report for the primary dental visit most commonly solely after 7 years and for complaints like caries and tooth pain. Children make their first dental visit too late (usually at the age of 7 years) in reference to medical recommendations (between 6 and 12 months of life). More of restoration was the treatment of need by 47.00%. The results of this study indicate unhealthy oral health creating their first dental visit and low health awareness of parents and guardians.


PDF Share
  1. Beil H, Rozier RG, Preisser JS, et al. Effects of early dental office visits on dental caries experience. Am J Public Health 2014;104(10):1979–1985. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301325
  2. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Guideline on periodicity of examination, preventive dental services, anticipatory guidance/counseling, and oral treatment for infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatric Dent 2010;32(Special issue):93–100.
  3. Section on Pediatric Dentistry and Oral Health. A policy statement: preventive intervention for pediatricians. Pediatrics 2008;122(6):1387–1394. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2008-2577
  4. Daou MH, Eden E, Osta NE. Age and reasons of the first dental visit of children in Lebanon. J Med Liban 2016;64(1):18–22. DOI: 10.12816/0023827
  5. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry: guideline on infant oral health care. Pediatr Dent 2014;36(6(1)):1141–1145.
  6. American Dental Association. Statement on early childhood caries. 2000. http://www.ada.org/en/about-the-ada/ada-positions-policies-andstatements/statement-on-early-childhood-caries
  7. Adamowicz-Klepalska B. Caries prevention at children. Pediatr Pol 2009;84(6):511–516.
  8. Marcinkowska U, Piekarz T, Mosler B, et al. Some elements of caries prevention among children at kindergarten age. I. Prevention in family. Dent Med Probl 2013;50(1):45–51.
  9. Mika A, Mitus-Kenig M, Zeglen A, et al. The child's first dental visit. Age, reasons, oral health status and dental treatment needs among children in Southern Poland. Eur J Paediatr Dent 2018;19(4):265–270.
  10. Olatosi OO, Onyejaka NK, Oyapero A, et al. Age and reasons for first dental visit among children in Lagos, Nigeria. Niger Postgrad Med J 2019;26(3):158–163. DOI: 10.4103/npmj.npmj_60_19
  11. Ramakrishnan M, Dharsini S. Reason for first dental visit among children—a cross-sectional study. Drug Invent Today 2018;10(4): 3655–3659.
  12. Dave B, Patel R, Bargale S, et al. 1st dental visit: an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Int J Oral Health Med Res 2018;5:4–7.
  13. Volpato LER, Palti DG, Lima JEDO, et al. When and why parents seek dental care for children under 36 months. J Int Oral Health 2013;5(4):21–25.
  14. Wilk-Sieczak B, Zakrzewski M, Chmielewska-Łuczak D. Mother's dental fear and the reasons for their preschool children's first dental visit as the predicators of their negative attitude towards the dental treatment. Dent Med Prob 2005;42(1):77–82.
  15. Yahya MD, Ayman FMAO, Enas FHO, et al. Mean age and chief complaint of the Jordanian children on their first dental visit. Pak Oral Dental J 2012;32(1):71–74.
  16. Soxman JA. The first dental visit. Gen Dent 2002;50(2):148–155.
  17. Masiga MA. Socio-demographic characteristics and clinical features among patients attending a private pediatric dental clinic in Nairobi, Kenya. East AfrMed J 2004;81(11):577–582.
  18. Nino J, Ashino J, Varsha J, et al. First dental visit of a child: a retrospective study. Pushpagiri Med J 2010;2(1):21–23.
  19. Meera R, Muthu MS, Phanibabu M, et al. First dental visit of a child. J Indian Soc Pedod Prevent Dent 2008;26(2):S68–S71.
  20. Mileva SP, Kondeva VK. Age at and reasons for the first dental visit. Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2010;52(4):56–61.
  21. Ghimire N, Kayastha B, Nepal P. The first dental visit. J Chitwan Med Coll 2014;3(4):30–33.
  22. Al-Shalan TA. Factors affecting Saudi parents’ perception of their children's first dental visit. J Contemp Dent Pract 2003;4(4):54–66.
  23. Atulkar M, Mittal R, Kumar S, et al. Age of the first dental visit of children in rural schools of Vidharba region, Maharashtra, India: a cross sectional study. Int J Oral Health Med Res 2015;2(2):19–21.
  24. Grzesiak-Gasek I, Kaczmarek U. Retrospective evaluation of the relationship between the first dental visit and the dental condition of six- and seven-year-old children. Adv Clin Exp Med 2016;25(4):767–773. DOI: 10.17219/acem/62212
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.