International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 3 ( May-June, 2022 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Comparative Evaluation of Different Varnishes and Pit and Fissure Sealants on Streptococcus mutans Count in Saliva of Children

Rachna Sharma, Natasha Ghambir, Nidhi Gupta, Rashi Singh

Keywords : Sealant, S. mutans, Pit and fissures, Varnish

Citation Information : Sharma R, Ghambir N, Gupta N, Singh R. Comparative Evaluation of Different Varnishes and Pit and Fissure Sealants on Streptococcus mutans Count in Saliva of Children. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (3):362-365.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2385

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-06-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: This study aims to evaluate and compare the effect of different varnishes: 3M ESPE Clinpro and Voco Profluorid and fissure sealants- 3M ESPE ClinPro and Ivoclar Vivadent Helioseal-F on the S. mutans count in the saliva of children. Materials and methods: Eighty children of 6–12 years of age with no incidence of caries were selected and saliva samples were collected by drooling method after oral prophylaxis. The children were divided randomly into four groups and materials were applied accordingly. Saliva samples were obtained immediately after the procedure as well as 1-month, 3-months and 6-months posttreatment. Saliva samples were inoculated on Mitis salivarius agar and colony counts of S. mutans were obtained. Results: This study showed that both the varnishes and pit and fissure sealants were equally effective in reducing the salivary S. mutans count in children in a time period of 6-months however pit and fissure sealants were more effective in preventing caries. Conclusion: Both varnishes and pit and fissure sealants are equally effective in reducing S. mutans count in saliva.


PDF Share
  1. Marsh PD. The significance of maintaining the stability of the natural micro flora of the mouth. Br Dent J 1991;171(6):174–177. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.4807647
  2. Chosak A, Cleaton-Jones P, Woods A, et al. Caries prevalence and severity in the primary dentition and Streptococcus mutans level in saliva of preschool children in South Africa. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1988;16(5):289–291. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.1988.tb01777.x
  3. Ten Cate JM. Current concepts on the theories of the mechanism of action of fluoride. Acta Odontol Scand 1999;57(6):325–329. DOI: 10.1080/000163599428562
  4. Weyant RJ, Tracy SL, Anselmo T, et al. Topical fluoride for caries prevention: executive summary of the updated clinical recommendations and supporting systematic review. J Amer Dent Assoc 2013;144(11):1279–1291. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.2013.0057
  5. Sharma M, Pandit IK, Srivastava N, et al. A comparative evaluation of efficacy of Streptococcus mutans counts in saliva: an in vivo study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018;11(2):94–99. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1492
  6. Buzalaf MA, Pessan JP, Honório HM, et al. Mechanism of action of fluoride for caries control. Monogr Oral Sci 2011;22:97–114. DOI: 10.1159/000325151
  7. Kane B, Karren J, Garcia-Godoy C, et al. Sealant adaptation and penetration into occlusal fissures. Am J Dent 2009;22(2):89–91. PMID: 19626971.
  8. Khetani P, Sharma P, et al. History and selection of pit and fissure sealants - a review. Quest Journals. J Med Dent Sci Res 2017;4(5):5–12.
  9. Ingegerd Z, Emilson CG. Effect of fluoride-containing varnish on Streptocococcus mutans in plaque and saliva. Scand J Dent Res 1982;90(6):423–428. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.1982.tb00758.x. PMID: 6961507.
  10. Deepti A, Jeevarathan J, Muthu M, et al. Effect of fluoride varnish on Streptococcus mutans count in saliva of caries free children using Dentocult SM Strip mutans test: a randomized controlled triple blind study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2008;1(1):1–9. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1001
  11. Pitchika V, Kokel CJ, Andreeva J, et al. Effectiveness of a new fluoride varnish for caries prevention in pre-school children. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;38(1):7–12. DOI: 10.17796/jcpd.38.1.8189243pt1m6t716
  12. Yu F, Yu H, Lin P, et al. Effect of an antibacterial monomer on the antibacterial activity of a pit-and-fissure sealant. PLoS One 2016;11(9):e0162281. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162281
  13. Patel PM, Hugar SM, Halikerimath S et al. Comparison of the effect of fluoride varnish, chlorhexidine varnish and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) varnish on salivary Streptococcus mutans level: a six month clinical study. J Clin Diagn Res 2017;11(8):ZC53–ZC59. DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/26541.10409
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.