Citation Information :
Thakur JH, Katre AN. Comparison of the Efficacy of Homeopathic Drug Arnica and Ibuprofen on Postextraction Pain in Children: A Triple-blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (3):332-337.
Aim: To compare the homeopathic drug Arnica with ibuprofen as an analgesic for postextraction pain control in children.
Materials and methods: Forty-four healthy children between 8 and 12 years of age requiring two clinical sessions of tooth extraction in two different quadrants of the oral cavity were selected for the study. All the children received both the drugs in this crossover trial with a washout of 10 days. Patient-rated and operator-assessed pain was compared to a 10-point validated Visual Analog Scale at baseline, 24, 48, and 72 hours using the paired t-test. Acceptance to taste and frequency of dosing was recorded at the end of three days using a five-point Likert scale and were compared using the Chi-squared test. Kappa statistics were performed to assess intraoperator variability.
Results: Pain reduction by Ibuprofen was significantly more than Arnica only at 48 hours with respect to both patient-reported and operator-assessed pain [(t = 3.567, p < 0.05), (t = 2.834, p < 0.05)]. As the age of the child increased, patient-reported pain significantly decreased. Children preferred the taste of Arnica over that of Ibuprofen (x2 = 56.76, p < 0.0001).
Conclusion: There was no difference between Arnica and Ibuprofen in the postextraction pain management in 8–12-year-old children.
Clinical significance: The results of this study suggest that Arnica may be considered as an alternative to ibuprofen in managing postextraction pain in 8–12-year-old children, especially those with asthma, COPD, or known allergy to ibuprofen.
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