Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Video-based Intervention on the Knowledge of Infant Oral Health among New Mothers
Ritu Singh, Sandhya S Patil, K Madhu, Rachana Thakur, Shruti B Nimbeni, Mihir Nayak, B Malathi, Snehalika More, Mandeep Shah
Infant oral health care, Knowledge, Video presentation
Citation Information :
Singh R, Patil SS, Madhu K, Thakur R, Nimbeni SB, Nayak M, Malathi B, More S, Shah M. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Video-based Intervention on the Knowledge of Infant Oral Health among New Mothers. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (3):280-286.
Background and objectives: Infant oral health is the foundation upon which preventive dental health education must be built to enhance the conditions for a disease-free oral cavity. Majority of the mothers are ignorant about their oral health and also about the fact that their oral health status affects that of their babies. Educational videotapes have proved to be effective in educating mothers on various child health issues. So the objectives of this study were to educate the mothers about the need for infant oral health care, compare the level of mother's knowledge on infant oral health before and after the video presentation and assess the effectiveness of the presentation. Methodology: An interactive educational video presentation containing evidence-based information about infant oral health care and prevention was developed. This presentation was based upon information provided by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) on anticipatory guidance. It includes the persuasive message on maternal oral health during preconception and pregnancy and its implication on birth outcomes, vertical transmission of Streptococcus mutans, infant oral health, the risk for early childhood caries (ECC), and increased caries experience on permanent teeth if primary teeth are affected. Emergency care for infant oral trauma, consequences of traumatic injuries to the primary dentition from an aspect of possible damage to the developing tooth, dietary habits, and oral hygiene behaviors. It also emphasizes the timing of the first dental visit and the periodicity of dental screenings. The survey was designed to compare the effectiveness of instructional videotaped persuasive messages by using pre- and post-questionnaires. Two hundred mothers of infants below the age of 12 months were included in the study. They were asked to fill out the questionnaires before and after the presentation on the same visit. Results: The results showed a highly significant improvement in knowledge (p< 0.05) as assessed by the proportion of correct responses following a single viewing of the AV-aid. Conclusion: The knowledge of new mothers on infant oral health care was inadequate, and there was an improvement in their knowledge of infant oral health care after the instructional video presentation. An instructional video presentation is an effective tool for improving the oral health knowledge of new mothers. Significance: By this study, we want to inculcate the habit of oral hygiene maintenance among the mothers, which indirectly affects the infant's oral health. Through this study, we educated the mothers regarding infant oral health care, which significantly improved their knowledge.
Rothe V, Kebriae A, Pitner S, et al. Effectiveness of a presentation on infant oral health care for parents. Int J Paediatr Dent 2010;20(1):37–42. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2009.01018.x
Nagaraj A, Pareek S. Infant oral health knowledge and awareness: Disparity among pregnant women and mothers visiting a government health care organization. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012; 5(3):167–172. DOI:10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1160
Ramos-Gomez FJ. Clinical considerations for an infant oral health care program. Comp Cont Educ Dent 2005; 26(5):17–23.
Glascoe FP, Oberklaid F, Dworkin PH, et al. Brief approaches to educating patients and parents in primary care. Paediatrics 1998;101(6):1–8. DOI: 10.1542/peds.101.6.e10
Alsada LH, Sigal MJ, Limeback H, et al. Development and testing of an audiovisual aid for improving infant oral health through primary caregiver education. J Can Dent Assoc 2005;71(4):241a–241h.
Szatko F, Wierzbicka M, Dybizbanska E, et al. Oral health of Polish three-year-olds and mothers' oral health-related knowledge. Community Dent Health 2004;21(2):175–180.
Williams NJ, Whittle JG, Gatrell AC. The relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and dental health knowledge and attitudes of parents with young children. Br Dent J 2002;193(11):651–654. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.4801652
Chan SC, Tsai JS, King NM. Feeding and oral hygiene habits of preschool children in Hong Kong and their caregivers' dental knowledge and attitudes. Int J Paediatr Dent 2002;12(5):322–331. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-263x.2002.00389.x
Dogra S, Arora R, Bhayya DP, et al. Knowledge and attitude of lactating mothers towards infant oral health care in Udaipur. IOSR-JDMS 2014;13(1):57–60. DOI:10.9790/0853-13155760
Suresh BS, Ravishankar TL, Chaitra TR, et al. Mother's knowledge about pre-school child's oral health. J Indian Soc Pedod Prevent Dent 2010; 28(4):282–287. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.76159
Sakai VT, Oliveria TM, Silva TC, et al. Knowledge and attitude of parents or caretakers regarding transmissibility of caries disease. J Appl Oral Sci 2008;16(2):150-154. DOI: 10.1590/s1678-77572008000200013
Chacko V, Shenoy R, Prasy HE, et al. Self-reported awareness of oral health and infant oral health among pregnant women in Mangalore, India-A prenatal survey. Int J Health and Rehab Sci 2013;2(2): 109–115.
Arulogun OS, Ikolo O, Oluwasanu M. Knowledge and practice relating to domestic accident among mothers of preschool children in Ibadan southwest local government area, Nigeria. IOSR-JDMS 2013; 6(3):49–55. DOI:10.9790/0853-0634955
Frazier JP, Countie D, Elerian L. Parental barriers to weaning infants from the bottle. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1998;152(9):889–892. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.152.9.889
Shivaprakash PK, Baweza DK, Noorani HH. State of Infant oral health care knowledge & awareness: Disparity among parents & health care profesionals. J Ind Soc Prev Dent 2009; 27(1):39–43. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.50816
Kamolmatyakul S, Saiong S. Oral health knowledge, attitude and practices of parents attending Prince of Songkla University Dental Hospital. Int J Health Promot Educ 2007;45:111–113. DOI:10.1080/14635240.2007.10708115
Bahuguna R, Jain A, Khan AS. Knowledge and attitude of parents regarding child dental care in an Indian population. Asian J Oral Health & Allied Sci 2011; 1(1):9–12.
Gussy MG, Waters EB, Riggs EM, et al. Parental knowledge, beliefs and behaviours for oral health of toddlers residing in rural Victoria. Aust Dent J 2008; 53: 52–60. DOI: 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2007.00010.x
Blinkhorn AS, Gratrix D, Holloway PJ, et al. A cluster randomised, controlled trial of the value of dental health educators in general dental practice. Br Dent J 2003;195(7):395–400. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.4810566
Hamilton FA, Davis KE, Blinkhorn AS. An oral health promotion programme for nursing caries. Int J Paediatr Dent 1999; 9(3):195–200. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-263x.1999.00132.x
Thakare VG, Krishnan A, Chaware S. Parents’ perceptions of factors influencing the oral health of their preschool children in Vadodara city, Gujarat: A descriptive study. Eur J Gen Dent 2012; 1(1): 44–49. DOI:10.4103/2278-9626.101359
Akpabio A, Klausner CP. Mothers’/Guardians’ knowledge about promoting children oral health. Journal of Dental Hygiene 2008; 82(1):1–11.
Furze H, Basso M. The First dental visit: An argentine point of view. Int J Paediatr Dent 2003;13: 266–268. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-263x.2003.00462.x
Al-Shalan TA. Factors affecting Saudi parents perception of their children first dental visit. J Contemp Dent Pract 2003;4(4):1–7.
Meera R, Muthu MS, Phanibabu M, et al. First dental visit of child. J Indian Soc Pedod Prevent Dent 2008;S68–S71.
Da Silva RA, Noia NB, Gonclaves LM, et al. Assessment of mothers’ participation in a program of prevention & control of caries and periodontal diseases for infants. Rev Paul Pediatr 2013;31(1):83–89. DOI: 10.1590/s0103-05822013000100014