Effect of Lingual Arch Space Maintainer on the Position of Mandibular Molars and Incisors in the Vertical Direction during the Resolution of Mandibular Incisors Crowding: A Systematic Review of Clinical Trials in Humans
Vipin R Ahuja, Nilima R Thosar, Sunita Shrivastav, Annapurna Ahuja
Fixed lingual arch, Passive lingual arch, Space maintainer
Introduction: This systematic review was designed to define and measure the changes in the position of mandibular molars and incisors in the vertical direction while using a lingual arch appliance as a space maintainer.
Materials and methods: The source of data collection used was PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Central, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for articles published until March 2021.
Inclusion criteria: Studies on human subjects in the English language using either prospective or retrospective methods considering the effect of the lingual arch used as a space maintainer in the mandibular arch.
Results: Four out of 465 studies acknowledged in the literature search met the final inclusion criteria.
Conclusion: A lingual arch is an effective appliance for controlling the position of mandibular molars and incisors in the vertical direction.
Durward CS. Space maintenance in the primary and mixed dentition. Ann R Australas Coll Dent Surg 2000;15:203–205.
Moore TR, Kennedy DB. Bilateral space maintainers: A 7-year retrospective study from private practice. Ped dent 2006;28:499–505.
Hudson AP, Harris AM, Mohamed N, et al. Use of the passive lower lingual arch in the management of anterior mandibular crowding in the mixed dentition. SADJ 2013;68(3):114, 116-9.
Sayin MO, Türkkahraman H. Factors contributing to mandibular anterior crowding in the early mixed dentition. Angle Orthod 2004;74(6):754–758. DOI: 10.1043/0003-3219(2004)0742.0.CO;2.
Moorees CFA, Chhada JM. Available space for the incisors during dental development - A growth study based on physiologic age. Angle Ortho 1965;35(1):12–22.
Turkkahraman H, Sayin MO. Relationship between mandibular anterior crowding and lateral dentofacial morphology in the early mixed dentition. Angle Orthod 2004;74(6):759–764. DOI: 10.1043/0003-3219(2004)0742.0.CO;2.
Macleod MR, O'Collins T, Howells DW, et al. Pooling of animal experimental data reveals influence of study design and publication bias. Stroke 2004;35(5):1203–1208. DOI: 10.1161/01.STR.0000125719.25853.20.
Chen CY, Christine KL, Marghalani AA, et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis of passive lower lingual arch for resolving mandibular incisor crowding and effects on arch dimension. Pediatr Dent 2019;41(1):9–19.
Brennan MM, Gianelly AA. The use of the lingual arch in the mixed dentition to resolve incisor crowding. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2000;117(1):81–85. DOI: 10.1016/s0889-5406(00) 70252-6.
Gianelly AA. Leeway space and the resolution of crowding in the mixed dentition. Sem Orthod 1995;1(3):188–194. DOI: 10.1016/s1073-8746(95)80022-0.
Owais AI, Rousan ME, Badran SA, et al. Effectiveness of lower lingual arch as a space holding device. Eur J Orthod 2011;33(1):37–42. DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjq022.
Fichera G, Greco M, Leonardi R. Effectiveness of the passive lingual arch for E space maintenance in subjects with anterior or posterior rotation of the mandible: a retrospective study. Med Princ Pract 2011;20(2):115–118. DOI: 10.1159/000319914.
Eslambolchi S, Woodside DG, Emile Rossouw P. A descriptive study of mandibular incisor alignment in untreated subjects. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop 2008;133(3):343–353. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2006.04.038.
De Baets J, Chairini M. The pseudo-class I: a newly defined type of malocclusion. J Clin Orthod 1995;29(2):73–88.
Villalobos FJ, Sinha PK, Nanda RS. Longitudinal assessment of vertical and sagittal control in the mandibular arch by the mandibular fixed lingual arch. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2000;118(4):366–370. DOI: 10.1067/mod.2000.109626.
Rebellato J, Lindauer SJ, Rubenstein LK, et al. Lower arch perimeter preservation using the lingual arch. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1997;112(4):449–456. DOI: 10.1016/s0889-5406(97)70054-4.
Singer J. The effect of the passive lingual archwire on the lower denture. Angle Orthod 1974;44(2):146–155. DOI: 10.1043/0003-3219(1974)0442.0.CO;2.
Foster H, Wylie WL. Arch length deficiency in the mixed dentition. Am J Orthod 1958;44(6):464–476. DOI: 10.1016/0002-9416(58)90004-6, 21.