International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2021 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Impact of Music Distraction on Dental Anxiety in Children Having Intellectual Disability

Geethanjali Gowdham, Amarshree A Shetty, Amitha Hegde, Lekshmi R Suresh

Keywords : Dental anxiety, Electrodermal activity, Galvanic skin response, Intellectual disability, Music distraction

Citation Information : Gowdham G, Shetty AA, Hegde A, Suresh LR. Impact of Music Distraction on Dental Anxiety in Children Having Intellectual Disability. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021; 14 (1):170-174.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1902

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 14-07-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim and objective: To analyze the impact of Indian instrumental music on children with intellectual disability (mild) exhibiting dental anxiety during dental procedures using electrical skin resistance measured by a biofeedback machine. Materials and methods: A total of 20 children of 6–14 years having an intellectual disability (mild) were randomly divided into two groups comprising of 10 each. The study was carried out in a cross-over design, with and without music distraction in two appointments spaced out at a gap of 1 month. The children were subjected to a dental examination, oral prophylaxis, and auditory operative stimuli in both appointments. The electrical skin resistance during each procedure was measured using a galvanic skin response (GSR) biofeedback machine and the values were statistically analyzed using paired and unpaired t-tests. Results: A statistically significant increase in electrical resistance was observed during music distraction, which indicated an anxiety reduction when music distraction was employed. Conclusion: The increased electrical skin resistance due to low anxiety proves the positive impact of music distraction in intellectually disabled children. Clinical significance: Music can be employed as a distraction technique to reduce anxiety in intellectually disabled children.


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