International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Dental Caries in Relation to Socioeconomic Factors of 6 and 12-year-old Schoolchildren of Paonta Sahib, Himachal Pradesh, India: An Epidemiological Study

Lucky Jindal, Parminder Dua, Ritu Mangla, Kritika Gupta, Divya Vyas, Puneet Gupta

Keywords : Decayed, Dental caries, Filled teeth, Missing, Prevalence, School children

Citation Information : Jindal L, Dua P, Mangla R, Gupta K, Vyas D, Gupta P. Dental Caries in Relation to Socioeconomic Factors of 6 and 12-year-old Schoolchildren of Paonta Sahib, Himachal Pradesh, India: An Epidemiological Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020; 13 (4):395-398.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1805

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 09-10-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aims and objectives: Determination of prevalence of dental caries in 6 and 12-year-old schoolchildren, dental caries prevalence between government and private schoolchildren, and the influence of socioeconomic factors on dental caries on children of Paonta Sahib, Himachal Pradesh, India. Materials and methods: In the government and private schools at Paonta Sahib of Sirmour district, Himachal Pradesh, India, a cross-sectional study was carried out. The study population comprised schoolchildren of 6 and 12 years. A total of 1,004 children of both genders were surveyed for dental caries status. The decayed, missing, filled teeth (DMFT) index was used for clinical examination of caries. Prior collection of sociodemographic information was done in addition to information on oral health behavior by personal interview. Results: In the present study, dental caries prevalence was found to be higher in children of 6 years of age (63.6%) than that of 12 years (53.6%) (p = 0.001). The mean DMFT was 2.47 ± 2.75 for 6–year-old children and 1.18 ± 1.33 for 12–year-old children. No significant difference was observed in dental caries prevalence among children of government and private school (p = 0.167). Moreover, dental caries frequency was highest in children belonging to upper-middle (38.14%) class followed by lower-middle (32.32%), upper-lower (25.42%), and upper class (4.12%). The obtained data were analyzed using the chi-square test and one-way ANOVA test. Conclusion: Dental caries prevalence was high in children of 6 years of age in the study. The dental caries frequency was more in upper-middle-class children. These results suggest that emphasis should be given to scientific monitoring, effective implementation, and evaluation of school-based oral health promotion and preventive programs to increase the dental awareness and oral hygiene practices, in Paonta Sahib, Sirmour district.


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