Dental adhesive systems used for bonding dental resins to enamel and dentin have evolved through several “generations,” with changes in chemistry, mechanism, number of bottles, application technique, and clinical effectiveness. The trend in the latest generation of dental bonding systems is to reduce the number of components and clinical placement steps. The introduction of i bond, a single-bottle dental adhesive system, is the latest of the new generation materials, and combines etchant, adhesive, and desensitizer in one component. This paper describes different dentin bonding agents, its evolution, mechanism of action and different commercially available dentin bonding agents and their role in the retention of pit and fissure sealant.
Brudevold F, Buonocore M, Wileman W. A report on a resin composition capable of bonding to human dentin surfaces. J Dent Res 1956 Dec;35(6):846-851.
Swift EJ Jr. Dentin/enamel adhesives: review of the literature. Pediatr Dent 2002 Sep-Oct;24(5):456-461.
Nakabayashi N, Pashley DH. Hybridization of dental hard tissues. Chicago: Quintessence Publishing Co., Ltd; 1998.
Kanca J 3rd. A method for bonding to tooth structure using phosphoric acid as a dentine-enamel conditioner. Quintessence Int 1991 Apr;22(4):285-290.
Tay FR, Gwinnett AJ, Wei SH. Micromorphological spectrum from overdrying to overwetting acid-conditioned dentin in waterfree, acetone-based, single-bottle primers/adhesives. Dent Mater 1996 Jul;12(4):236-244.
Pinar A, Sepet E, Aren G, BölükbaÕi N, Ulukapi H, Turan N. Clinical performance of sealants with and without bonding agent. Quintessence Int 2005 May;36(5):355-360.
Dunn JR. iBond: the seventh-generation, one-bottle dental bonding agent. Compend Contin Educ Dent 2003 Feb;24(2 Suppl):14-18.
Hebling J, Feigal RJ. Use of one-bottle adhesive as an intermediate bonding layer to reduce sealant microleakage on salivacontaminated enamel. Am J Dent 2000 Aug;13(4):187-191.
Boksman L, McConnell RJ, Carson B, McCutcheon-Jones EF. Two years clinical evaluation of two pit and fissure sealants placed with or without bonding agent. Quintessence Int 1993 Feb;24(2):131-133.
Feigal RJ, Musherure P, Gillespie B, Levy-Polack M, Quelhas I, Hebling J. Improved sealant retention with bonding agents: A clinical study of two-bottle and single-bottle systems. J Dent Res 2000 Nov;79(11):1850-1856.
Symons AL, Chu CY, Meyers IA. The effect of fissure morphology and pretreatment of the enamel surface on penetration and adhesion of fissure sealants. J Oral Rehabil 1996 Dec;23(12):791-798.
Grande RH, de Lima AC, Rodrigues Filho LE, Witzel MF. Clinical evaluation of an adhesive used as a fissure sealant. Am J Dent 2000 Aug;13(4):167-170.
Perdigão J, Geraldeli S, Heymann HO, Rosa BT. Effect of conditioner and restorative resin on enamel bond strengths. Am J Dent 2000 Apr;13(2):88-92.
Pashley DH, Tay FR. Aggressiveness of contemporary selfetching adhesives. Part II: Etching effects on unground enamel. Dent Mater 2001 Sep;17(5):430-444.
Yoshida Y, Nagakane K, Fukuda R, Nakayama Y, Okazaki M, Shintani H, Inoue S, Tagawa Y, Suzuki K, De Munck J, et al. Comparative study on adhesive performance of functional monomers. J Dent Res 2004 Jun;83(6):454-458.
Venker DJ, Kuthy RA, Qian F, Kanellis MJ. Twelve-month sealant retention in a school-based program using a selfetching primer/adhesive. J Public Health Dent 2004 Fall; 64(4):191-197.
Pinar A, Sepet E, Aren G, BölükbaÕi N, Ulukapi H, Turan N. Clinical performance of sealants with and without a bonding agents. Quintessence Int 2005 May;36(5):355-360.
Bottenberg P, Graber HG, Lampert F. Penetration of etching agents and its influence on sealer penetration into fissures in vitro. Dent Mater 1996 Mar;12(2):96-102.
Gomes-Silva JM, Torres CP, Contente MM, Oliveira MA, Palma-Dibb RG, Borsatto MC. Bond strength of a pit-andfissure sealant associated to etch-and-rinse and self-etching adhesive systems to saliva-contaminated enamel: Individual vs. simultaneous light curing. Braz Dent J 2008;19(4):341-347.
Harris RK, Phillips RW, Swartz ML. An evaluation of two resin systems for restoration of abraded areas. J Prosthet Dent 1974 May;31(5):537-546.
Leinfelder KF. Resin to metal bonding: Overcoming esthetic problems. J Am Dent Assoc 1994 Mar;125(3):292-294.
Prati C, Chersoni S, Mongiorgi R, Pashley DH. Resin-infiltrated dentin layer formation of new bonding systems. Oper Dent 1998 Jul-Aug;23(4):185-194.
Baca P, Bravo M, Baca AP, Jiménez A, González-Rodríguez MP. Retention of three fissure sealants and a dentin bonding system used as fissure sealant in caries prevention: 12-month follow-up results. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2007 Oct;12(6): E459-E463.
Das UM, Viswanath D, Venkatasubramanian R, Gopal S. Retention of pit and fissure sealants with and without seventh generation bonding agents: A clinical study. Dent India 2008;2(1).