International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE S2 ( Special Issue (Behaviour Management), 2021 ) > List of Articles


Effectiveness of Visual Distraction with and without Virtual Reality Glasses in Reducing Dental Anxiety among Children with Hearing and Speech Disability: A Pilot Study

Jaikiran Kaur, Prathima Gajula Shivashankarappa, A Sanguida

Keywords : Behavior management, Dental anxiety, Distraction, Hearing impairment, Virtual reality

Citation Information : Kaur J, Shivashankarappa PG, Sanguida A. Effectiveness of Visual Distraction with and without Virtual Reality Glasses in Reducing Dental Anxiety among Children with Hearing and Speech Disability: A Pilot Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021; 14 (S2):S162-S166.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2100

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-02-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Aim and objective: To assess the effectiveness of visual distraction with and without virtual reality glasses in reducing dental anxiety among children with hearing and speech disabilities undergoing dental treatment. Materials and methods: Twenty-four children with hearing and speech disabilities aged 6–12 years were selected and were randomly divided into three groups (N = 8). Children in group A received no distraction, group B received visual distraction using virtual reality (VR) glasses and group C received visual distraction without VR glasses during dental treatment. The anxiety levels were measured using PJS- Pictorial Scale and physiological parameters - before, during, and after a dental procedure. Then intragroup and intergroup comparison was done. Results: Intragroup comparison showed that \"During\" and \"Post\" treatment anxiety scores were significantly (p < 0.05) lower than that of \"baseline\" in group B. Intergroup comparison of anxiety scores in the three groups, at all three intervals, showed a statistically significant difference in the “during treatment” anxiety score (p = 0.049) with least score in group B. Conclusion: Visual distraction using VR glasses can be recommended as an effective distraction technique in reducing dental anxiety among children with speech and hearing disabilities.

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