International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE S2 ( Special Issue (Behaviour Management), 2021 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Child Dental Patient's Anxiety and Preference for Dentist's Attire: A Cross-sectional Study

Sujatha Paranna, Asha Nara, Ashwini Avanti, Prakashchandra Shetty, Krishna Patil

Keywords : Behavior management, Child, Dental anxiety

Citation Information : Paranna S, Nara A, Avanti A, Shetty P, Patil K. Child Dental Patient's Anxiety and Preference for Dentist's Attire: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021; 14 (S2):S107-S110.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1940

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-02-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim and objective: Initial perceptions of physicians can affect the level of comfort. Creating a strong rapport on the child's first visit helps to create a comfortable atmosphere. Child-friendly clothing of the dentists might possibly contribute to the dentist's empathy. Different attires may evoke different feelings. Hence, the purpose of the study was to assess the children's preferences for dentist's attire and its relation with anxiety. Materials and methods: Eighty children aged 5–12 years were included in the study. Five photographs of dentists wearing different attires were placed in the same order for every child. The child was asked to look at the photographs and decide which dentist they would prefer to take care of them. A facial image scale was used to evaluate the child's anxiety level. The children were asked to point at which face they felt almost like at that moment. Results: 42.7% of males and 38.5% of females chose child-friendly attire. The least preferred by males was a pink apron (7.5%) compared with females (28.1%). Whereas the blue apron was least preferred by females (5.1%) compared with males (20%). A Chi-square test was done to access the association between dental anxiety and the dental attire the children chose, where statistically significant (0.030) results were found. Anxious children were found to prefer child-friendly attire. Conclusion: Although the view that children are fearful of the white coat was not found, the concept of child-friendly attire might be more appropriate for anxious children and enhance an easy first communication with them.


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