Anxiety, Behavioral management, Bubble play therapy
Citation Information :
Kiran SD, Vithalani A, Sharma DJ, Bhatt R, Srivastava M. Evaluation of the Efficacy of Play Therapy among Children Undergoing Dental Procedure through Drawings Assessed by Graphological Method: A Clinical Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018; 11 (5):412-416.
Introduction: Behavior modification is defined as the attempt to alter human behavior and emotion in a beneficial way and accordance with the laws of learning. Play therapy is one such behavior modification technique. The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of play therapy among children undergoing dental treatment by the graphological method.
Materials and methods: Children were made to draw before treatment, after treatment of one class 1 lesion without application of any behavior modification technique and after treatment of the second lesion of class 1 caries with play therapy. Graphologist and scores assessed drawings were given by graphological method.
Results: Significant reductions in stress levels were observed in the drawings which were made after play therapy.
Conclusion: Play therapy is an effective behavior modification technique in pediatric dentistry, which may be used in routine dental practice.
Wright GZ, Kupietzky A, editors. Behavior management in dentistry for children. John Wiley & Sons; 2014 Jan 21.
Splieth CH, BÜnger B, Pine C. Barriers for dental treatment of primary teeth in East and West Germany. International journal of paediatric dentistry. 2009 Mar;19(2):84-90.
Ripa LW, Barenie JT. Management of dental behavior in children. Year Book Medical Pub; 1979.
Hall TM, Kaduson HG, Schaefer CE. Fifteen effective play therapy techniques. Professional psychology: Research and practice. 2002 Dec;33(6):515-522.
Pala SP, Nuvvula S, Kamatham R. Expression of pain and distress in children during dental extractions through drawings as a projective measure: a clinical study. World journal of clinical pediatrics. 2016 Feb 8;5(1):102-111.
Nuvvula S, Kamatham R, Challa R, Asokan S. Reframing in dentistry: Revisited. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 2013 Jul 1;31(3):165-168.
Ray D, Bratton S, Rhine T, Jones L. The effectiveness of play therapy: Responding to the critics. International journal of play therapy. 2001;10(1):85-108.
Anita B, Károly FT, Pál F, Péter H, Gábor F. Interrelation of dental fear and anxiety with the morphology of handwriting and hand-drawing of children. 2013 October; 3(7):14-20.
Majstorovic M, Veerkamp JS. Developmental changes in dental anxiety in a normative population of Dutch children. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2005 Mar;6(1):30-34.
Carroll MK, Ryan-Wenger NA. School-age children's fears, anxiety, and human figure drawings. Journal of Pediatric Health Care. 1999 Jan 1;13(1):24-31.
Aminabadi NA, Ghoreishizadeh A, Ghoreishizadeh M, Oskouei SG. Can drawing be considered a projective measure for children's distress in paediatric dentistry?. International journal of paediatric dentistry. 2011 Jan;21(1):1-2.