International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2016 ) > List of Articles

SURVEY

Validation of Association between Breastfeeding Duration, Facial Profile, Occlusion, and Spacing: A Cross-sectional Study

SS Agarwal, Mohit Sharma, Karan Nehra, Balakrishna Jayan, Anish Poonia, Hiteshwar Bhattal

Keywords : Breastfeeding duration, Distoclusion, Nonnutritive sucking

Citation Information : Agarwal S, Sharma M, Nehra K, Jayan B, Poonia A, Bhattal H. Validation of Association between Breastfeeding Duration, Facial Profile, Occlusion, and Spacing: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016; 9 (2):162-166.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1356

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-06-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: This cross-sectional retrospective study was designed to assess the relationships among breastfeeding duration, nonnutritive sucking habits, convex facial profile, nonspaced dentition, and distoclusion in the deciduous dentition. Materials and methods: A sample of 415 children (228 males, 187 females) aged 4 to 6 years from a mixed Indian population was clinically examined by two orthodontists. Information about breastfeeding duration and nonnutritive sucking habits was obtained by written questionnaire which was answered by the parents. Results: Chi-square test did not indicate any significant association among breastfeeding duration, convex facial profile, and distoclusion. Statistically significant association was observed between breastfeeding duration and nonspaced dentition and also between breastfeeding duration and nonnutritive sucking habits. Nonnutritive sucking habits had a statistically significant association with distoclusion and convex facial profile (odds ratio 7.04 and 4.03 respectively). Nonnutritive sucking habits did not have a statistically significant association with nonspaced dentition. Conclusion: The children breastfed ≤ 6 months had almost twofold increased probability for developing sucking habits and nonspaced dentition, respectively, than the children who had breastfeeding ≥ 6 months duration. It can also be hypothesized that nonnutritive sucking habits may act as a dominant variable in the relationship between breastfeeding duration and occurrence of convex facial profile and distoclusion in deciduous dentition. How to cite this article: Agarwal SS, Sharma M, Nehra K, Jayan B, Poonia A, Bhattal H. Validation of Association between Breastfeeding Duration, Facial Profile, Occlusion, and Spacing: A Cross-sectional Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):162-166.


PDF Share
  1. Barros AJ, Hirakata VN. Alternatives for logistic regression in cross-sectional studies: an empirical comparison of models that directly estimate the prevalence ratio. BMC Med Res Methodol 2003 Oct 20;3(1):21.
  2. Petersen PE. The World Oral Health Report 2003: continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century—the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2003 Dec;31(Suppl 1):3-23.
  3. Brin I, Zwilling-Sellan O, Harari D, Koyoumdjisky-Kaye E, Ben-Bassat Y. Does a secular trend exist in the distribution of occlusal patterns? Angle Orthod 1998 Feb;68(1):81-84.
  4. Viggiano D, Fasano D, Monaco G, Strohmenger L. Breast feeding, bottle feeding and non-nutritive sucking; effects on occlusion in deciduous dentition. Arch Dis Child 2004 Dec;89(12):1121-1123.
  5. López Del Valle LM, Singh GD, Feliciano N, Machuca M Del C. Associations between a history of breastfeeding, malocclusion and para functional habits in Puerto Rican children. PR Health Sci J 2006 Mar;25(1):31-34.
  6. Simoes, WA. Ortopedia funcional dos maxilares vista atraves da reabilitacao neuro-oclusal. Sao Paulo: Santos; 1985.
  7. Fagundes AA, Leite ICG. Breastfeeding and malocclusion: review of literature. J Bras Fonoaudiol 2001;2:229-232.
  8. Sanches MT. Clinical management of oral disorders in breastfeeding. J Pediatr 2004 Nov;80(5 Suppl):S155-S162.
  9. Medeiros EB, Rodrigues MJ. A importancia da amamentacao natural para o desenvolvimento do sistema estomatognstico do bebe. Rev Cons Reg Odontol Pernambuco 2001 Jul- Dec;4(2):79-83.
  10. Bradley RM. Essentials of oral physiology. St Louis: Mosby- Year Book; 1995.
  11. Turgeon-O'Brien H, Lachapelle D, Gagnon PF, Larocque I, Maheu-Robert LF. Nutritive and nonnutritive sucking habits: a review. ASDC J Dent Child 1996 Sep-Oct;63(5):321-327.
  12. Corruccini, RS. How antropology informs the orthodontics diagnosis of malocclusion's causes. Lewinston (MN), Queenston, Canada, Lampeter, UK: Edwin Mellen Press; 1999.
  13. Mossey PA. The heritability of maloccluson: part 2. The influence of genetics in malocclusion. Br J Orthod 1999 Sep;26(3):195-203.
  14. World Health Organization. The optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Report of an Expert Consultation. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2001.
  15. 55th World Health Assembly. Infant and young child nutrition [Internet]. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2002 (WHA55.25) [cited 21 Dec 2006]. Available from: http://www.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA55/ewha5525.pdf.
  16. Ohno N, Kashima K, Sakai T. A study on interdental spaces of the deciduous dental arch in Indian sample. Aichi Gakuin Daigaku Shigakkai Shi 1990 Mar;28(1 Pt 1):79-91.
  17. Bishara SF, Jakobsen JR, Treder J, Nowak A. Arch width changes from 6 weeks to 45 years of age. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1997 Apr;111(4):401-409.
  18. Aznara T, Galana AF, Marýnb I, Domýnguezc A. Dental arch diameters and relationships to oral habits. Angle Orthod 2006 May;76(3):441-445.
  19. Baume LJ. Physiological tooth migration and its significance for the development of occlusion. I. The biogenetic course of the deciduous dentition. J Dent Res 1950 Apr;29(2): 123-132.
  20. Capelozza Filho, L. Diagnostico em ortodontia. Maringa: Dental Press; 2004.
  21. Gama FV. Amamentaçao e desenvolvimento: funçao e oclusao. J Bras Ortod Ortop Maxilar 1997;2(11):17-20.
  22. Luz CL, Garib DG, Arouca R. Association between breastfeeding duration and mandibular retrusion: a crosssectional study of children in the mixed dentition. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2006 Oct;130(4):531-534.
  23. Davis DW, Bell PA. Infant feeding practices and occlusal outcomes: a longitudinal study. J Can Dent Assoc 1991 Jul;57(7):593-594.
  24. Pastor I, Montanha K. Amamentaçao natural no desenvolvimento do sistema estomatognatico. Rev Odontoped 1994;3: 185-191.
  25. Bishara SE, Hoppins BJ, Jakobson JR, Kohout FJ. Changes in the molar relationship between the deciduous and permanent dentitions: a longitudinal study. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1988 Jan;93(1):19-28.
  26. Praetzel JR, Abrahao M. Avaliacao da modificacao do perfil facial de bebes em relacao ao sexo, raça, tipo de aleitamento e uso de chupeta. J Bras Ortodon Ortop Facial 1998;4:5-23.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.