Effect of 95% Ethanol as a Final Irrigant before Root Canal Obturation in Primary Teeth: An in vitro Study
G Thiruvenkadam, Sharath Asokan, Baby John, PR Geetha Priya
Dehydration, Ethanol, Obturation, Paper points, Primary teeth
Citation Information :
Thiruvenkadam G, Asokan S, John B, Priya PG. Effect of 95% Ethanol as a Final Irrigant before Root Canal Obturation in Primary Teeth: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016; 9 (1):21-24.
Background: Successful obturation in the primary teeth demands complete dryness of the root canal system.
Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of 95% ethanol as the final irrigant before root canal obturation in primary teeth.
Materials and methods: A total of 20 extracted primary mandibular canines were biomechanically prepared and pre-obturated volume of each tooth was assessed using spiral computed tomography (CT). The specimens were divided into two groups (n = 10): group 1, Metapex group; group 2, zinc oxide eugenol group. Each group was further divided randomly into two subgroups (n = 5): subgroup 1, canals were dried with 95% ethanol; subgroup 2, canals were blot dried with paper points with the last one appearing dry. All canals were obturated and the postobturated volume of each tooth was measured. The percentage of obturated volume (POV) was calculated using the formula: (postobturated volume/preobturated volume) × 100. The POV between the groups was statistically analyzed using Mann-Whitney test and Wilcoxon Signed rank test appropriately.
Results: Root canals that were dried with ethanol showed better obturation than using paper points alone and the difference was statistically significant in both group 1 (p < 0.001) and group 2 (p < 0.002).
Conclusion: Drying of the root canal system with 95% ethanol can result in better obturation in the primary teeth.
How to cite this article: Thiruvenkadam G, Asokan S, John B, Geetha Priya PR. Effect of 95% Ethanol as a Final Irrigant before Root Canal Obturation in Primary Teeth: An in vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(1):21-24.
Ak G, Sepet E, Pinar A, Aren G, Turan N. Reasons for early loss of primary molars. Oral Health Prev Dent 2005;3(2): 113-117.
Hariharan VS, Nandlal B, Srilatha KT. Efficacy of various root canal irrigants on removal of smear layer in the primary root canals after hand instrumentation: a scanning electron microscopy study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2010 Oct- Dec;28(4):271-277.
Ray HA, Trope M. Periapical status of endodontically treated teeth in relation to the technical quality of the root filling and the coronal restoration. Int Endod J 1995;28:12-18.
Nagas E, Uyanik MO, Eymirli A, Cehreli ZC, Vallittu PK, Lassila LV, Durmaz V. Dentin moisture conditions affect the adhesion of root canal sealers. J Endod 2012 Feb;38(2): 240-244.
Spangberg, L. Intracanal medication. In: Ingle, JI.; Taintor, JF, editors. Endodontics. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1985. p. 566-576.
Zmener O, Pameijer CH, Serrano SA, Vidueira M, Macchi RL. Significance of moist root canal dentin with the use of methacrylate-based endodontic sealers: an in vitro coronal dye leakage study. J Endod 2008 Jan;34(1):76-79.
Stevens RW, Strother JM, McClanaban SB. Leakage and sealer penetration in smear-free dentin after a final rinse with 95% ethanol. J Endod 2006 Aug;32(8):785-788.
Engel GT, Goodell GG, McClanahan SB. Sealer penetration and apical microleakage in smear-free dentin after a final rinse with either 70% isopropyl alcohol or peridex. J Endod 2005 Aug;31(8):620-623.
Epley SR, Fleischman J, Hartwell G, Cicalese C. Completeness of root canal obturations: Epiphany techniques versus guttapercha techniques. J Endod 2006 Jun;32(6):541-544.
Ayad MF, Farag AM, Garcia-Godoy F. Effect of lactic acid irrigant on shear bond strength of Epiphany adhesive sealer to human dentin surface. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010 May;109(5):e100-e106.
Zicari F, Couthino E, De Munck J, Poitevin A, Scotti R, Naert I, Van Meerbeek B. Bonding effectiveness and sealing ability of fiber-post bonding. Dent Mater 2008 Jul;24(7):967-977.
Cunningham WT, Cole JS, Balekjian AY. Effect of alcohol on the spreading ability of NaOCl endodontic irrigant. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1982 Sep;54(3):333-335.
Schafer E. Irrigation of the root canal. Quintessence Int 2007;1(1):11-27.
Anbu R, Nandini S, Velmurugan N. Volumetric analysis of root canal fillings using spiral computed tomography: an in vitro study. Int Endod J 2010 Jan;43(1):64-68.
Reuben J, Velmurugan N, Kandaswamy D. The evaluation of root canal morphology of the mandibular first molar in an Indian population using a spiral-computed tomography scan: an in vitro study. J Endod 2008 Feb;34(2):212-215.
Wong Y, Spencer P. Continuity etching of an all-in-one adhesive in wet dentin tubules. J Dent Res 2005 Apr;84(4):350-354.
Wakabayaski H, Masumoto K, Tachibana H, Tuzuki N. A new instrument for drying root canals. Int Endod J 1987 Nov; 20(6):298-299.
Walters MJ, Baumgartner JC, Marshall JG. Efficacy of irrigation with rotary instrumentation. J Endod 2002 Dec;28(12):837-839.