Infant Oral Health Knowledge and Awareness: Disparity among Pregnant Women and Mothers visiting a Government Health Care Organization
Anup Nagaraj, Sonia Pareek
Infant feeding, Knowledge, Mothers, Oral health
Citation Information :
Nagaraj A, Pareek S. Infant Oral Health Knowledge and Awareness: Disparity among Pregnant Women and Mothers visiting a Government Health Care Organization. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012; 5 (3):167-172.
Objectives: The present study is designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of pregnant women and mothers about feeding habits and infant oral health.
Materials and methods: A total of 230 study subjects were divided into two groups: Group A included pregnant women and group B were mothers of child up to 1 year of age. Each group comprised of 170 subjects. A self-administered questionnaire comprising of total 23 questions on infant feeding practices, nocturnal bottle feeding, correct age of eruption of first teeth and first dental visit. Two separate questionnaires were framed for both the groups.
Results: There was a lack of knowledge among both the groups about infant feeding and weaning. Nocturnal bottle feeding was more prevalent.
Conclusion: The present study reflects a need for maternal counseling on infant oral health.
How to cite this article: Nagaraj A, Pareek S. Infant Oral Health Knowledge and Awareness: Disparity among Pregnant Women and Mothers visiting a Government Health Care Organization. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012;5(3):167-172.
The World Health Report 2005-make every mother and child count. World Health Organization.
Taksande A (Department of Pediatrics and Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha, Maharashtra - 442 102, India), Tiwari S, Kuthe A. Knowledge and attitudes of anganwadi supervisor workers about infant (breastfeeding and complementary) feeding in Gondia district. Indian J Community Med 2009 July;34(3):249-251.
Concurrent assessment of Janani Suraksha Yojana in selected states. United Nations Population Fund India 2009.
Shivaprakash PK (Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, PMNM Dental College and Hospital, Bagalkot, India. email@example.com), Elango I, Baweja DK, Noorani HH. The state of infant oral healthcare knowledge and awareness: Disparity among parents and healthcare professionals. J Indian Soc Pedod Prevent Dent 2009 Jan-Mar; 27(1):39-43.
Gytten J (Institute of Community Dentistry, University of Oslo, Norway), Rossow I, Hols D, Steele L. Longitudinal study of dental health behaviors and other caries predictors in early childhood. Community Dent. Oral Epidemiol 1988 Dec; 16(6):356-359.
Crawford AN (Department of Clinical Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Liverpool, UK), Lennon MA. Dental attendance patterns among mothers and their children in an area of social deprivation. Community Dent Health 1992 Sept; 9(3):289-291.
Chan SC (Tang Shiu Kin Dental Therapist Training School, MacLehose Dental Centre, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China), Tsai JSJ, King NM. Feeding and oral hygiene habits of preschool children in Hong Kong and their caregivers’ dental knowledge and attitudes. Int J Paediatr Dent 2002 Sept; 12(5):322-331.
Davenport ES (Oral Growth and Development, Barts and the London Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, Turner Street, London, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org), Litenas C, Barbayiannis P, Williams CES. The effects of diet, breastfeeding and weaning on caries risk for pre-term and low birth weight children. Int J Paediatr Dent 2004 July;14(4):251-259.
Meera R (Department of Orthodontics, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Chennai-600 095, India. email@example.com), Muthu MS, Phanibabu M, Rathaprabhu V. First dental visit of a child. J Indian Scoc Pedod Prevent Dent 2008;26 Suppl 2:S68-S71.
Nainar SM (Department of Cardiology, Restorative Sciences and Endodontics, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org), Straffon LH. Targeting of year one dental visit for United States children. Int J Paediatri Dent 2003 July;13(4):258-263.
Kumari NR (Deparment of Pedodontics, Govt. Dental College, Trivandrum, India. email@example.com), Sheela S, Sarada PN. Knowledge and attitude on infant oral health among graduating medical students in Kerala. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Den 2006 Dec;24(4):172-208.
Moimaz SA (Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Araçatuba School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil), Zina LG, Saliba NA, Saliba O. Association between breastfeeding practices and sucking habits: A crosssectional study of children in their first year of life. J Indian Soc Pedod Prevent Dent 2008 Sep;26(3):102-106.
Tyagi R (I.T.S. CDSR Dental College and Hospital, Delhi- Meerut Road, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, UP, India. firstname.lastname@example.org). The prevalence of nursing caries in Davangere preschool children and its relationship with feeding practices and socioeconomic status of the family. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2008 Dec;26(4):153-157.
Ana Paula Pires dos Santos (School of Dentistry, University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brasil), Vera Mendes Soviero. Caries prevalence and risk factors among children aged 0 to 36 months. Pesqui Odontol Bras 2002 Jul-Sep;16(3):203-208.
Wyne AH (Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, King Saud University College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia), Spencer AJ, Szuster FS. Infant and child feeding practices: A preliminary investigation. Aust Dent J 1997 Feb;42(1):54-58.
Waldman HB (Department of Dental Health, School of Dental Medicine, State University of New York at Stony Brook, USA). Preschool children. Need and use of dental services. Dent Clin of North Am 1995 Oct;39(4):887-896.
Mattila ML (Dept. of Child Neurology, University of Turku, Public Health Center, Finland), Rautava P, Sillanpaa M, Paunio P. Caries in 5 year-old children and associations with familyrelated factors. J Dent Res 2000 Mar;79(3):875-881.