International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2012 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Dental Survey of Institutionalized Children with Autistic Disorder

Gagandeep Mohinderpal Chadha, Pradnya Kakodkar, Vishwas Chaugule, Vidya Nimbalkar

Keywords : Autism, Dietary pattern, Oral hygiene practices, Oral health status, Dental needs, Institutionalized, India

Citation Information : Mohinderpal Chadha G, Kakodkar P, Chaugule V, Nimbalkar V. Dental Survey of Institutionalized Children with Autistic Disorder. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012; 5 (1):29-32.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1130

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; The Author(s).


Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the oral hygiene practices, dietary pattern, dental caries status and needs of institutionalized autistic children. The sample consisted of 35 children (28 males and 7 females) in the age group of 5 to 10 years from two institutions in Maharashtra, India. The parents of the children were interviewed regarding oral hygiene practices of their respective ward and instructed to maintain a 4-day diet chart for their children. A clinical examination was conducted using WHO dentition status and treatment needs index and a simplified oral hygiene index for ages 4 to 6 years and 7 to 10 years (deciduous and mixed dentition) was used to assess the oral hygiene. The results of diet chart analysis according to Nizel AE and Papas AS score showed the ‘at meal’ sugar exposure close to nil, while the ‘in between’ meal sugar exposure was observed to be more than three times per day among maximum children. The oral hygiene status was poor with abundance of soft debris and fair calculus accumulation. The mean caries experience (deft) in these children was 6.4. The present study provided baseline data which has been used for planning a comprehensive oral health care program.


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