International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2011 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

An Innovative Miniature Bite Force Recorder

Sarabjeet Singh, Ashok K Utreja, Navreet Sandhu, Yadvinder S Dhaliwal

Keywords : Gnathodynamometer, Bite force, Myoelectric activity, Laboratory calibration test

Citation Information : Singh S, Utreja AK, Sandhu N, Dhaliwal YS. An Innovative Miniature Bite Force Recorder. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2011; 4 (2):113-118.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1093

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2011; The Author(s).


In this study, a detailed description of development of a new novel bite force recorder (gnathodynamometer) using solid state components is vividly explained. This state of the art authenticated device can be used to assess the complex function of human bite force, which is the net resultant combination of functional response of various craniomandibular structures consisting of interrelated components, like the muscles of mastication, joints, teeth and the neuromuscular system. The consistency and accuracy of the bite force recorder was reaffirmed by doing a detailed laboratory calibration and clinical testing on 30 adult subjects.

PDF Share
  1. Kiliaridis S, Kjellberg H, Wenneberg B, Engström C. The relationship between maximal bite force, bite force endurance, and facial morphology during growth: A cross-sectional study. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica 1993;51:323-31.
  2. Waltimo A, Kononen M. A novel bite force recorder and maximal isometric bite force values for healthy young adults. Scand J Dent res 1993;101:171-75.
  3. Braun S, Bontlean HP, Hnat WP, Frendenthales JW, Marcotte MR, Johnson BF. A study of bite force (Part 1). Relationship to various physical characteristics. Angle Orthod 1995;65: 367-72.
  4. Ahlgren J, Owall B. Muscular activity and chewing force: A polygraphic study of human mandibular movements. Arch Oral Biol 1970;15:271-80.
  5. Osborn JW, Mao J. A thin bite force transducer with three dimensional capabilities reveals a change in bite force direction during jaw muscle endurance tests. Arch Oral Biol 1993;38: 139-44.
  6. Linderholm H, Lindqvist B, Ringqvist M, Wennstorm A. Isometric biting force in children and its relation to body bulid and general muscle force. Acta Odont Scand 1971;29:563-68.
  7. Waltimo A, Nystorm M, Kononen M. Bite force and dentofacial morphology in men with severe dental attrition. Scand J Dent Res 1994;102:92-96.
  8. Proffit WR, Fields HW, Nixon WL. Occlusal forces in normal and long face adult. J Dent Res 1983;62:566-70.
  9. Ricketts RM. Planning treatment on basis of facial pattern and estimate of its growth. Angle Orthod 1957;27:14-37.
  10. Panchrez H. Activity of temporal and masseter muscles in class II Div 1 maloccluson: An electromyographic investigation. Am J Orthod 1980;77:679-88.
  11. Ingerwall B, Minder C. Correlation between maximum bite force and facial morphology in children. Angle Orthod 1997;67: 415-24.
  12. Helkimo E, Carlsson GE, Helkimo M. Bite force and state of dentition. Acta Odont Scand 1977;35:297-303.
  13. Garner LD, Kothwal NS. Correlation study of incisor biting force with age, sex and anterior occlusion. J Dent Res 1973;52: 698-702.
  14. O'Rourke JT. Significance of tests for biting strength. J Amer Dent Ass 1949;38:627-33.
  15. Choy E, Kydd WL. Bite force duration: A diagnostic procedure for mandibular dysfunction. J Prosthet Dent 1988;60:365-68.
  16. Bakke M, Michler L, Han K, Moller E. Clinical significance of isometric bite force versus clinical activity in temporal and masseter muscles. Scand J Dent Res 1989;97:539-51.
  17. Kwon HK, Yoo JH, Kwon YS, Kim BI. Comparison of bite force with dental prescale and unilateral bite force recorder in healthy subjects. J Korean Acad Prosthodont Feb 2006;44(1): 103-11.
  18. Patrícia dos Santos, et al. The influence of gender and bruxism on the human maximum bite force. J Appl Oral Sci 2006; 14(6):448-53.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.