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VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2010 ) > List of Articles
Ajithkrishnan CG, Kiran V Hegde, Sudheer Hongal, Gururaj Patil
Citation Information : CG A, V Hegde K, Hongal S, Patil G. Prevalence of Oral Mucosal and Extraoral Lesions among Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate Patients Attending to a Private Hospital, India. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2010; 3 (3):189-194.
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Published Online: 00-00-0000
Aim of the Study : To assess the prevalence of oral mucosal and extraoral lesions among the cleft lip and/or palate subjects aged between 3 and 18 years, and to compare with those of noncleft controls. Methodology : A cross sectional survey was conducted during the period of March 2004 to September 2004. A select sample of 150 cases consisted of cleft lip and/or palate subjects aged between 3 and 18 years reporting to Outpatient Department, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, private Hospital and Medical Research Center, Belgaum. A sample of 450 matched noncleft subjects (Controls) was selected based on convenience from general population. Oral health assessment form as prescribed in Basic Oral Health Surveys, WHO, was used to record the data. Results : Approximately 43% of cleft subjects had abnormalities of upper lip. 7% of clefts and 5% of noncleft controls presented enlarged lymph nodes on palpation in the head and neck region. Both the cleft subjects and noncleft controls had ulcerations in the buccal mucosa. However, there was no significant difference between them. Among few cleft subjects abscess formation was observed in the sulcus region (1.33%) as well as gingiva (2.66%) adjacent to cleft. Similarly among controls also few abscess in sulcus and gingival region were observed. Conclusions : On intra-and extraoral examination of cleft and noncleft subjects for any lesions revealed that clefts as well as noncleft subjects exhibited few intraoral lesions, however clinically or statistically significant differences were not observed.
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