International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2010 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Analysis of Reporting Pattern in Children Aged 7 to 14 Years with Traumatic Injuries to Permanent Teeth

KS Ravi, NM Roshan, ND Shashikiran, Amit Vanka

Citation Information : Ravi K, Roshan N, Shashikiran N, Vanka A. Analysis of Reporting Pattern in Children Aged 7 to 14 Years with Traumatic Injuries to Permanent Teeth. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2010; 3 (1):15-19.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1048

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-00-0000


Abstract

Aim : To analyze the pattern of traumatic injuries to permanent anterior teeth reporting to the dental department with regards to age, gender, cause, proportion of different types of injury and time of reporting. Materials and Methods : Children aged 7 to 14 years with trauma or related sequelae were included. The data was collected retrospectively on the basis of case history, clinical findings, radiographs and vitality tests. Ellis’ classification was used to record injuries to anterior teeth. Results : Boys had more injuries with the highest injuries at 12 years. Various causes of trauma included Falls, RTA, hits by object/person and bicycle related. The most common injury reported were cases of Ellis’ class IV (50.7%) and the maxillary central incisors being the teeth most frequently involved (75%). The time lapsed after injury was more than 1 year in 42.8% cases and 62% cases reported with complications. Conclusion : Our findings suggest that a large number of cases reported in the age group 10 to 13 years with Class IV Ellis’ fracture largely when symptoms appear. Reporting was delayed by more than a year in several cases, the barriers for which need to be analyzed, to develop strategies regarding prevention of traumatic injuries and their consequences.


PDF Share
  1. World Health Organisation/AFRO. Oral health. Epidemiology [Internet]. July 2001. Available from: http://www.afro.who.int/ oralhealth/epidemiology.html 2. Andreasen, JO.; Andreasen, FM.; Andersson, L. Textbook and atlas of traumatic injuries to the teeth. 3rd ed. Copenhagen: Munksgaard; 1994
  2. ’ Watt, RG.; Batchelor, P, et al. Essential dental public health. New York: Oxford University Press; 2002 Dec. p. 372
  3. The classification and treatment of injuries to the teeth of children. 5th ed. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers; 1970. p. 56-199
  4. Epidemiology of dental trauma: a review of the literature. Aust Dent J 2000 Mar;45(1):2-9
  5. Traumatic injuries to anterior teeth in Italian schoolchildren: prevalence and risk factors. Endod Dent Traumatol 1996 Dec;12(6):294-297
  6. The prevalence of traumatic injuries treated in the pedodontic clinic of Ankara University, Turkey, during 18 months. Dent Traumatol 2002 Dec;18(6):299-303
  7. Analysis of traumatic injuries to 886 permanent anterior teeth. J Hard Tissue Biol 2005;14(2):52-54
  8. Traumatic injuries to permanent incisors. Endod Dent Traumatol 1993 Apr;9(2):61-64
  9. Prevalence and distribution of traumatic injuries to the permanent teeth of Dominican children from private schools. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1984 Apr;12(2):136- 139
  10. Dental injuries of permanent teeth treated in private practice in Athens. Endod Dent Traumatol 1996 Apr;12(2):60-66
  11. Clinical investigation of traumatic injuries of permanent incisors in Izmir, Turkey. Endod Dent Traumatol 1995 Oct;11(5):210-213
  12. Traumatized permanent teeth in Brazilian children at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Dent Traumatol 2001 Dec;17(6):245-249
  13. Aetiology and risk factors related to traumatic dental injuries- a review of the literature. Dent Traumatol 2009 Feb;25(1):19-31
  14. Dental trauma in children: A survey. Endod Dent Traumatol 1991 Oct;7(5):212- 213
  15. Bicycle helmets–does the dental profession have a role in promoting their use? Br Dent J 2004 May 8;196(9):555-560
  16. An investigation of dental injuries treated in an acute care general hospital. J Am Dent Assoc 1984 Sep;109(3):434- 438
  17. Incidence of dental trauma in the Western Australian School Dental Service. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1988 Oct;16(5):294-298
  18. Dental trauma in Australia. Aust Dent J 1984 Aug;29(4):217-221
  19. The association between incisor trauma and occlusal characteristics in individuals 8-50 years of age. Dent Traumatol 2004 Apr;20(2):67-74
  20. The prevalence of anterior teeth fracture and its relation to malocclusion in 12 and 15 year old school children. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2007 Jan;1(1):7-11
  21. Prevalence of traumatic dental injury in grade 8 children in six Ontario communities. Can J Public Health 2005 Jan-Feb;96(1):73-76
  22. Risk factors for traumatic dental injuries in an adolescent male population in India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007 Sep;8(6):35-42
  23. The prevalence of traumatic dental injuries: a 24-month survey. J Dent Child (Chic) 2007 Sep-Dec;74(3):194-199.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.