International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2024 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Comparative Evaluation of Antibacterial Efficacy and Remineralization Potential of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Gel with Herbal Dental Gel Containing Zingiber officinale, Salvadora persica, and Cinnamomum zeylanicum: An In Vitro Study

Neha Kohli, Shivayogi M Hugar, Seema Hallikerimath, Niraj Gokhale, Krishna Kadam, Sanjana P Soneta

Keywords : Antibacterial, Dental caries, Fluoride, Herbal, Remineralization

Citation Information : Kohli N, Hugar SM, Hallikerimath S, Gokhale N, Kadam K, Soneta SP. Comparative Evaluation of Antibacterial Efficacy and Remineralization Potential of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Gel with Herbal Dental Gel Containing Zingiber officinale, Salvadora persica, and Cinnamomum zeylanicum: An In Vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2024; 17 (3):307-315.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2796

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate and compare the antibacterial efficacy and remineralization potential of acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel with herbal dental gel containing Zingiber officinale, Salvadora persica, and Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Materials and methods: Ethanolic extracts of Z. officinale, S. persica, and C. zeylanicum were prepared. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of these extracts were determined against Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus using the resazurin method and agar plate streaking method, respectively. The herbal dental gel was formulated, and its cytotoxicity was evaluated using an 3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The antibacterial susceptibility of APF gel and the herbal dental gel was assessed using the agar well diffusion method and time-kill assay. The remineralizing potential was evaluated using a stereomicroscope. Results: Herbal dental gel showed better antibacterial efficacy as depicted by the zone of inhibition of 20 and 21 mm obtained against S. mutans and L. acidophilus, respectively, compared to 11.50 and 16.50 mm zone of inhibition obtained by APF gel. The herbal dental gel also showed better remineralization potential than APF gel after a time interval of 24 and 48 hours, as depicted with a statistically significant p-value of 0.0061 and 0.0219, respectively. In the cytotoxicity test, the fibroblasts showed 100% viability in the presence of both study groups. Conclusion: The results of our study concluded that herbal dental gel is safe and nontoxic, having anticariogenic potential due to its good antibacterial action and remineralization potential as compared to conventional APF gel.


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