International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2024 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Success Rates of Antibiotic Sterilization, Indirect Pulp Treatment, and Pulpotomy in the Management of Primary Teeth with Deep Carious Lesions

Deeksha Saxena, Nishita Garg, Lumbini Pathivada, Harsimran Kaur, Ramakrishna Yeluri

Keywords : Antibiotic sterilization, Deep caries, Indirect pulp treatment, Primary teeth, Pulpotomy, Vital pulp therapy

Citation Information : Saxena D, Garg N, Pathivada L, Kaur H, Yeluri R. Success Rates of Antibiotic Sterilization, Indirect Pulp Treatment, and Pulpotomy in the Management of Primary Teeth with Deep Carious Lesions. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2024; 17 (3):237-242.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2742

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background and aim: A new concept of antibiotic sterilization has come into existence which can be used to sterilize the demineralized portion of the teeth with minimal or ultraconservative excavation of caries in deep dentinal carious lesions as an alternative for indirect pulp therapy (IPT) and pulpotomy to avoid further complications. This study was undertaken to compare the success rates of antibiotic sterilization, indirect pulp treatment, and pulpotomy in the management of primary teeth with deep carious lesion. Materials and methods: Ninety teeth involving deep carious lesions approaching pulp in primary molars were selected and randomly divided into three groups containing 30 teeth. Group I was treated with antibiotic sterilization using 3Mix-MP paste, group II was treated with indirect pulp treatment using calcium hydroxide, and group III was treated with conventional pulpotomy using 15.5% ferric sulfate (FS) solution. Clinical and radiographic analysis of all three groups was performed at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months to evaluate the success of treatment procedures using predetermined criteria. Pearson's Chi-squared test and McNemar test were used for statistical analysis. Results: At the end of the 12-month follow-up period, the overall clinical and radiographic success was determined to be 96.3% for group I, 100% for group II, and 96.4% for group III. There were no statistically significant differences observed between the success of three groups, suggesting that either of the procedures can be adopted for the management of deep carious lesions approaching pulp in primary teeth. Conclusion: Antibiotic sterilization can be introduced as a newer modality in the management of deep carious lesions approaching pulp in primary teeth which is ultraconservative in nature and reduces the risk of pulp exposure in comparison with indirect pulp treatment and pulpotomy procedures.


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