International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 17 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Comparative Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Innovative Periorbital Eye Massager and Virtual Reality Eyeglasses for Reducing Dental Anxiety during Dental Restorative Procedures in Children

Urvi P Gala

Keywords : Behavior management, Periorbital eye massager, Randomized controlled clinical trial, Virtual reality eyeglasses

Citation Information : Gala UP. Comparative Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Innovative Periorbital Eye Massager and Virtual Reality Eyeglasses for Reducing Dental Anxiety during Dental Restorative Procedures in Children. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2024; 17 (1):48-53.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2730

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 14-03-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Background: Many behavior management techniques are employed to reduce the anxiety associated with dental procedures in children. One of the most commonly used methods comprises audiovisual distraction using virtual reality (VR) eyeglasses. In this study, an innovative device, a periorbital eye massager (PEM), is compared with VR to evaluate dental anxiety in children. Materials and methods: in this study, 22 children were divided into two groups, that is, group I consisting of PEM and group II consisting of VR. The participants were instructed to wear the device and then subjected to dental restorative procedures. After completion of the procedure, anxiety was measured using a validated questionnaire by the children and by using the modified behavior pain scale by the second investigator. Also, physiological parameters like heart rate and oxygen saturation were evaluated before and after a dental procedure. Results: The results were statistically insignificant for group I and group II when a validated questionnaire and modified behavior pain scale were used to measure the dental anxiety of children. Also, the data also shows no significant difference in heart rate and oxygen saturation between the two groups. Conclusion: The innovative PEM can also be used as an effective behavior management tool in managing dental anxiety in children, as there was no statistically significant difference between PEM and VR. Clinical significance: As a pediatric dentist, the methods for administering a patient present a novel challenge because behavior management varies from patient to patient. As a result, the prospects for augmenting various techniques of behavior therapy for pediatric patients are limitless.

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