Esthetics, Pediatric prosthesis, Space maintainer
Citation Information :
Sathyaprasad S, Krishnareddy MG, Vinod V, Das N, Ramesh R, Ilyas I. Comparative Evaluation of Fixed Functional Cantilever Space Maintainer and Fixed Nonfunctional Space Maintainer: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (6):750-760.
Background and objectives: Effective way to prevent mesial drift after the early loss of primary first molars is by inserting a durable space maintainer. Several space maintainers are available; fixed nonfunctional (FNF) space maintainer (crown and loop) is commonly used when abutment teeth need full-coronal restoration. Disadvantages of crown and loop space maintainer are nonfunctional, nonesthetic, and fracture of solder loop. To overcome this drawback, new design of fixed functional cantilever (FFC) space maintainer (crown and pontic) using bis-acrly composite resin. The study evaluated the longevity and acceptance of an FFC and compared it with a FNF space maintainer.
Materials and methods: A total of 20 healthy children, aged 6–9 years, were selected having bilateral premature loss of lower deciduous first molars. FFC space maintainer in one quadrant and FNF space maintainer in the other was cemented. The subject's acceptance of treatment was checked using a visual analog scale after the treatment completion. Criteria for complication leading to the failure was assessed in both the designs in the 3rd, 6th, and 9th month. Cumulative success longevity was obtained at a 9 month evaluation.
Results: Patient acceptability was greater in group I (FFC) in comparison to group II (FNF). In group I, fracture of the crown and pontic was the common complication leading to failure, followed by attrition of the crown and loss of material due to abrasion. In group II, fracture of the solder joint was the common complication leading to failure, followed by slippage of the loop gingivally and cement loss. The longevity of groups I and II were 70 and 85%, respectively.
Conclusion: FFC can be considered a viable alternative to conventional FNF space maintainers.
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