International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2022 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Oral Health Status and Caries Experience in Children Diagnosed with Attention-deficit Hyperactive Disorder

Eddula Rajendra Reddy, Merum Kiranmayi, Srujana P Mudusu, Sai Divya Saraswati, Rajashree Jannapureddy, Anil Kumar

Keywords : Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Dental caries, Oral health behavior, Traumatic dental injuries

Citation Information : Reddy ER, Kiranmayi M, Mudusu SP, Saraswati S D, Jannapureddy R, Kumar A. Oral Health Status and Caries Experience in Children Diagnosed with Attention-deficit Hyperactive Disorder. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (4):438-441.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2420

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 17-12-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The present study aimed to assess and evaluate oral hygiene status and oral hygiene behaviors among children with the attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) and children without ADHD. Materials and methods: A total of 34 children of ages 6–14 years were included in the study. Groups I–17 children with ADHD and group II–17 healthy children. A visual examination of dental caries and traumatic injuries was performed, and the oral hygiene status of these children was determined. The parent/guardian completed a structured questionnaire regarding the child's oral hygiene practices and food habits. Data obtained from oral examination and questionnaires were compiled and subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The student t-test and the Chi-squared test showed that children with ADHD had significantly higher decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) scores and incidence of traumatic injuries without significant difference in oral hygiene status. Conclusion: There is no significant difference in oral hygiene status between both the groups but caries experience, and incidence of traumatic injuries are high in children with ADHD.


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