Effectiveness of Parental Participation in a Dental Health Program on the Oral Health Status of 8–10-year-old School Children
RA Sowmiya Sree, C Joe Louis, AR Senthil Eagappan, Daya Srinivasan, Divya Natarajan, V Dhanalakshmi
Dental health education, Oral health status, Parents, School dental program
Citation Information :
Sree RS, Louis CJ, Eagappan AS, Srinivasan D, Natarajan D, Dhanalakshmi V. Effectiveness of Parental Participation in a Dental Health Program on the Oral Health Status of 8–10-year-old School Children. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (4):417-421.
Aim: Prevention-focused school dental health program (SDHP) is a cost-effective intervention that countries can use to lessen the problem of dental diseases by educating on oral health. The current study aims to assess the effectiveness of parental participation in an SDHP held at periodic intervals on the oral health status (OHS) of children aged 8–10 years attending a local school in Southern India. Materials and methods: The longitudinal study was scheduled between September 2018 and June 2019 (36 weeks) in 120 participants who were healthy school children aged 8–10 years at a private school in Kelambakkam. This 36-week duration study assessed the effectiveness of school dental health education program with and without parents at every 12 weeks interval. The OHS of subjects was assessed using the standard indices [i.e., Decayed, Missing and Filled permanent teeth (DMFT), decayed, extracted, and filled primary teeth (deft), and Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S)]. Friedman's test and Mann–Whitney U test were used for analyzing the data as indicated. Results: In postintervention visits, children with parental participation had significantly lower caries increments than children without parental participation. While the oral hygiene index scores have improved significantly in both groups over time, the improvement in the parental participation group was greater. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the SDHP is an educational driver that showed a constructive impression on the oral health of children. The participation of the child's parents in SDHP has significantly improved the OHS of children.
Mehta A. Trends in dental caries in Indian children for the past 25 years. Indian J Dent Res 2018;29(3):323–328. DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_615_17
Frencken JE, Sharma P, Stenhouse L, et al. Global epidemiology of dental caries and severe periodontitis—a comprehensive review. J Clin Periodontol 2017;44(Suppl 18):S94–S105. DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12677
Aggeryd T. Goals for oral health in the year 2000: cooperation between WHO, FDI and the national dental associations. Int Dent J 1983;33(1):55–59.
Aparna M, Sreekumar S, Thomas T, et al. Assessment of dental caries experience among 5 to 16-year-old school going children of Mangalore, Karnataka, India: a cross-sectional study. Ann Essences Dent 2018;10(1):12–17. DOI: 10.24105/aedj.2018.10.2
Salunke S, Shah V, Ostbye T, et al. Prevalence of dental caries, oral health awareness and treatment-seeking behavior of elderly population in rural Maharashtra. Indian J Dent Res 2019;30(3):332–336. DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_356_17
Naidu J, Nandlal B. Evaluation of the effectiveness of a primary preventive dental health education programme implemented through school teachers for primary school children in Mysore city. J Int Soc Prevent Community Dent 2017;7(2):82–89. DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_326_16
Shwethashree M, George PS, Prakash B, et al. Prevalence of oral diseases among school children of Mysuru and Chamarajanagar districts, Karnataka, India. Clin Epidemiol Glob Health 2020;8(3):725–727. DOI: 10.1016/j.cegh.2020.01.009
Mangalore S, Venkata PKV, Basavantappa JS, et al. Knowledge about prevention of oral cancer and gum disease among school teachers in Dharwad, India. Indian J Dent Res 2013;24(3):279–283. DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.117986
Kay EJ, Baba SP. Designing dental health education materials for schoolteachers: formative evaluation research. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1991;15(3):195–198.
Hanganu C, Dãnilã I, Bârlean L, et al. School-based dental health considerations for program development. Oral Health Dent Manage Black Sea Countr 2004;3(3):4–10.
Gruebbel AO. A measurement of dental caries prevalence and treatment service for deciduous teeth. J Dent Res 1944;23(3):163–168. DOI: 10.1177/00220345440230030201
Klien H, Palmer CE, Knutson JW. Dental status and dental needs of elementary school children. Public Health Rep 1938;53(19):751–765. DOI: 10.2307/4582532
Green JC, Vermillion JR. The simplified oral hygiene index. J Am Dent Assoc 1964;68:7–13. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.1964.0034
Smyth E, Caamaño F, Fernández-Riveiro P. Oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice in 12-year-old schoolchildren. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2007;12(8):E614–E620.
Alrmaly BA, Assery MK. Need of oral health promotion through schools among developing countries. J Int Oral Health 2018;10(1):1–3. DOI: 10.4103/jioh.jioh_242_17
Alsumait A, ElSalhy M, Behzadi S, et al. Impact evaluation of a school-based oral health program: Kuwait National Program. BMC Oral Health 2019;19(1):202. DOI: 10.1186/s12903-019-0895-1
Esfahanizadeh N. Dental health education programme for 6-year-olds: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Eur J Paediatr Dent 2011;12(3):167–170.
Hartono SWA, Lambri SE, van Palenstein Helderman WH. Effectiveness of primary school-based oral health education in West Java, Indonesia. Int Dent J 2002;52(3):137–143. DOI: 10.1111/j.1875-595x.2002.tb00618.x
Yang Y-H, Sue R-L, Warnakulasuriya S. Promoting better oral health practices among aboriginal Taiwanese adolescents: a school based oral health education intervention program. J Health Care Poor Underserved 2009;20(4 Suppl):41–50. DOI: 10.1353/hpu.0.0220
Monroy PG. The age-1 dental visit and the dental home; a model for early childhood caries prevention. J Mich Dent Assoc 2007;89(1):32, 34–36.
Feldens CA, Kramer PF, Sequeira MC, et al. Maternal education is an independent determinant of cariogenic feeding practices in the first year of life. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2012;13(2):70–75. DOI: 10.1007/BF03262847
Lee AJ. Parental attendance at a school dental program: its impact upon the dental behavior of the children. J Sch Health 1978;48(7):423–427. DOI: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1978.tb05639.x
Duijster D, de Jong-Lenters M, de Ruiter C, et al. Parental and family-related influences on dental caries in children of Dutch, Moroccan and Turkish origin. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2015;43(2):152–162. DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12134
Howenstein J, Kumar A, Casamassimo PS, et al. Correlating parenting styles with child behavior and caries. Pediatr Dent 2015;37(1):59–64.
Matsuyama Y, Isumi A, Doi S, et al. Poor parenting behaviours and dental caries experience in 6- to 7-year-old children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2020;48(6):493–500. DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12561