Prevalence, Pattern, and Severity of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in 8–12-year-old Schoolchildren of Moradabad City
Ajla Khan, Nishita Garg, Sandeep S Mayall, Lumbini Pathivada, Ramakrishna Yeluri
Epidemiological study, Hypomineralization of second primary molar, Molar hypomineralization, Molar incisor hypomineralization, Prevalence
Citation Information :
Khan A, Garg N, Mayall SS, Pathivada L, Yeluri R. Prevalence, Pattern, and Severity of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in 8–12-year-old Schoolchildren of Moradabad City. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (2):168-174.
Aim and objective: Recently, molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) has become more evident and one of the most common reasons for loss of teeth in children after dental caries. Being a country with a diverse ethnic population, the prevalence of MIH in different regions of India may differ. Hence, the present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence, pattern, and severity of MIH in 8–12-year-old Schoolchildren in Moradabad city.
Materials and methods: This study was conducted in various schools of Moradabad city to target a sample of 2,300 children aged between 8 and 12 years. The examination was done in their respective schools by a calibrated examiner in natural daylight using European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry diagnostic criteria for MIH 2015. The results, thus obtained, were statistically analyzed using Pearson's Chi-square test.
Results: A prevalence of 3.96% (91/2300) for MIH was reported without any gender predilection. Molar hypomineralization showed a prevalence of 1.3% (29/2300) whereas the prevalence for hypomineralization of second primary molars was 1.4% (22/1620). The most common type of defect was type 2 and most of the affected teeth were of grade I. Mandibular molars were more commonly affected compared to the maxillary molars.
Conclusions: A prevalence of 3.96% (91/2300) was observed for MIH. Frequent dental screening camps should be organized in schools at the community level for the enhancement of early diagnosis of MIH and designing appropriate management strategies.
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