International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 2 ( March-April, 2022 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Oral Health Status in Mentally Disabled Children, Dental Care Knowledge of Parents, and the Impact of Audiovisual Oral Health Education Program

Ruby K Shah, Swati Choudhary, Sandeep Tandon

Keywords : Caries status, Mental retardation, Oral-health education program, Oral hygiene

Citation Information : Shah RK, Choudhary S, Tandon S. Oral Health Status in Mentally Disabled Children, Dental Care Knowledge of Parents, and the Impact of Audiovisual Oral Health Education Program. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (2):143-148.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2332

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aims and objectives: The aims and objectives of this study were to evaluate the oral health status in a group of mentally disabled children, to identify the oral health knowledge of parents and to assess the impact of audiovisual oral health education program. Materials and methods: The study sample comprised of 120 mentally disabled subjects aged 5–16 years and 40 parents attending a vocational institute in Jaipur, India. Caries status and oral hygiene status were assessed by DMFT Index and Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) of Greene and Vermillion, respectively. Twenty pre- and post-structured close-ended questions were designed and a 5-minute video on oral health education was prepared. Data was analyzed by using one way ANOVA test followed by Post hoc Tukeys HSD Test, Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, and Chi-square test. Effectiveness index was calculated to find the impact of AV Teaching Program. Results: Oral hygiene status deteriorates as the severity of mental retardation increases but it was not found significantly associated with oral hygiene status. An effectiveness index of at least 0.5 indicates that the instructional media was satisfactorily effective. Conclusion: Maximum children with poor oral hygiene were in the category of severe mental retardation and mean OHI-S score decreases from severe-to-mild mental retardation. The newly designed audiovisual aid on complete oral health care was effective at some levels in improving the oral health knowledge of the parents/caregivers of mentally retarded children.


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