International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2022 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Comparing the Sedative Effect of Oral and Intranasal Midazolam and their Effect on Behavior in Pediatric Dental Patients

Niharika Kotian, Erulappan Muthu Ganapathi Subramanian, Ganesh Jeevanandan

Keywords : Midazolam, Pediatric dentistry, Sedation, Systematic review

Citation Information : Kotian N, Subramanian EM, Jeevanandan G. Comparing the Sedative Effect of Oral and Intranasal Midazolam and their Effect on Behavior in Pediatric Dental Patients. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (1):128-134.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2117

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 13-04-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: To systematically identify and evaluate the available literature based on the sedative effect of oral midazolam compared with midazolam administered intranasally and also compare their effect on behavior of pediatric dental patients. Objective: This systematic review compares the sedative effect and the effect on behavior with oral midazolam and intranasal midazolam. Methods: A search was undertaken through PubMed Central, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, LILACS, Science Direct and SIGLE. All the studies included the comparison of the sedative effect of oral and intranasal midazolam. Database search identified 178 articles. 165 articles were excluded based on titles and duplication. Abstract and complete text of 13 articles were thoroughly evaluated. Four articles were included based on the inclusion criteria to meet the criteria. The selected studies analyzed the children's behavior or anxiety by oral midazolam in comparison to intranasal midazolam administration. Results: Among the four studies included in the present review, risk of bias was high in all the articles. The high risk was obtained due to inadequate blinding of personnel and participants in the study, improper allocation concealment and inadequacy in blinding of the outcome assessment. Also, difference observed between oral and intranasal midazolam routes on behavior and sedation level in the studies included in this review was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Studies comparing the effect on behavior of oral and intranasal midazolam in children are limited. More number of high-quality clinical trials evaluating the sedative effect and effect on behavior of oral and intranasal midazolam in pediatric dental patients is required.


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