International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2022 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Antimicrobial Efficacy of Chlorhexidine and Herbal Mouth Rinse on Salivary Streptococcus mutans in Children with Mixed Dentition: A Randomized Crossover Study

Shreyas V Shah, Chandrashekhar Badakar, Shivayogi M Hugar, Seema Hallikerimath, K Gowtham, Madhura V Mundada

Keywords : Antibacterial, Chlorhexidine, Dental caries, Herbal, Streptococcus mutans

Citation Information : Shah SV, Badakar C, Hugar SM, Hallikerimath S, Gowtham K, Mundada MV. Antimicrobial Efficacy of Chlorhexidine and Herbal Mouth Rinse on Salivary Streptococcus mutans in Children with Mixed Dentition: A Randomized Crossover Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (1):99-103.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2348

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 13-04-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim and objective: Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) shows increased resistance to currently available antibiotics and chemotherapeutics. The present study compares the effectiveness of chlorhexidine and Herbal mouth rinse against salivary S. mutans in children with mixed dentition. Materials and methods: Subjects (n = 60) with mixed dentition were selected for the study. Caries status was recorded using Nyvard's criteria. Baseline saliva samples were collected and assessed for quantifying S. mutans. Subjects were instructed to rinse their mouths with 0.2 % w/v chlorhexidine and herbal mouth rinse for 7 days. Saliva samples were collected after 7 days and assessed for S. mutans. After a run-in period of 21 days, both the mouth rinses were crossed over according to the Latin square design, and a similar procedure was carried out. Later, determination of mean colony-forming units (CFU/mL) from the saliva samples was done. For statistical analysis, Kolmogorov and Mann–Whitney U tests were applied. Results: Both the groups showed a significant reduction in S. mutans count, at baseline and 7 days (p = 0.0001), and the reduction of S. mutans count in herbal mouth rinse as compared to chlorhexidine mouth rinse (p = 0.0209) was statistically significant. Conclusion: Herbal mouth rinse proved to have better antimicrobial efficacy than Chlorhexidine mouth rinse.


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