International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2022 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Comparison of Remineralization Potential of Casein Phosphopeptide: Amorphous Calcium Phosphate, Nano-hydroxyapatite and Calcium Sucrose Phosphate on Artificial Enamel Lesions: An In Vitro Study

Ronin Sebastian, Santhosh T Paul, Umme Azher, Divya Reddy

Keywords : Casein phospho peptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP), Casein sucrose phosphate (CSP), Microhardness, n-HAP

Citation Information : Sebastian R, Paul ST, Azher U, Reddy D. Comparison of Remineralization Potential of Casein Phosphopeptide: Amorphous Calcium Phosphate, Nano-hydroxyapatite and Calcium Sucrose Phosphate on Artificial Enamel Lesions: An In Vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2022; 15 (1):69-73.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2339

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 13-04-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim and objective: To evaluate and compare the remineralization potential of CPP–ACP, nano-hydroxyapatite, and calcium sucrose phosphate toothpaste on artificial enamel caries lesions by means of microhardness testing. Materials and methods: Twenty sound human primary molars, extracted for therapeutic reasons were selected for this study. From each tooth, two enamel specimens were prepared and embedded in acrylic resin blocks, and each block contains five tooth samples. After polishing, the baseline hardness of the enamel surface (KHN) was determined by Knoop microhardness testing. Then the specimens were randomly assigned into four groups (n = 10), according to the remineralizing agent used: group I: Control, group II: GC Tooth MousseTM (CCP-ACP), group III: AcclaimTM (nano-HAP), and group IV: EnaFix (CaSP). The specimens were then immersed in a demineralizing solution and post-lesion KHN values were obtained as baseline measurements. Later remineralizing agent was applied and after 7 days of remineralization, posttreatment KHN tests were conducted. Results: Data were analyzed using paired t-test, analysis of variance, and Tukey HSD test. Mean enamel surface microhardness (KHN) values after remineralization shows that group IV (EnaFixTM) had maximum hardness number (114.71 ± 12.27) followed by group III (Acclaim) (85.14 ± 22.82) and group II (GC Tooth Mousse) (56.42 ± 19.90). The difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Similarly the %SMHR was also highest in group IV (EnaFix), followed by group III (Acclaim) and group II (GC Tooth Mousse). Conclusion: EnaFix (calcium sucrose phosphate) shows a maximum increase in the enamel surface microhardness followed by Acclaim (nano-HAP) and GC Tooth Mousse. Clinical significance: Calcium Sucrose Phosphate in toothpaste strengthened the enamel more than nano hydroxyapatite and CPP-ACP, and can be an alternative to the use of fluoride toothpaste in children.


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