International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 5 ( September-October, 2021 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Comparative Study of Dental Health Status and Its Determinants among Children Attending Government and Private Schools in Kanpur City

Neha Singh, Shashank Gaur, Manish Kumar, Neeraj S Chauhan, Tanveer Akhtar, Shaili Agarwal, Rinku Mathur

Keywords : Dental caries, Gingival growth, Prevalence

Citation Information : Singh N, Gaur S, Kumar M, Chauhan NS, Akhtar T, Agarwal S, Mathur R. Comparative Study of Dental Health Status and Its Determinants among Children Attending Government and Private Schools in Kanpur City. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021; 14 (5):666-673.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-2010

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 20-11-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis and its relation to various determinants like dietary habits, habits related to oral health, and oral hygiene practice among private and government school children of age 6–12 years in Kanpur City. A total of 1,550 children (775 from government school and 775 from private school) were selected. Overall, 60% children presented with caries. Prevalence of caries was significantly more associated with government school children (63.1%) compared with private school children (56.9%). The mean deft scores were high in government school children (1.08 ± 1.91) compared with private school children (0.93 ± 1.53). This was statistically significant (p < 0.05). The DMFT scores were also high among government school children (0.84 ± 1.25) compared with private school children (0.67 ± 1.19). This was statistically significant (p < 0.05). On the whole, out of 1,550 children only 17.8% children presented with gingivitis, in which majority had mild form of gingivitis when compared with moderate and severe forms. The prevalence of gingivitis was relatively high among government school children (55%) compared with private school children (45%). This was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Summing up, a conclusion could be drawn that the prevalence of both dental caries and gingivitis depends on the state of the oral hygiene habits and practices, correspondingly, due to schoolchildren\'s knowledge of individual oral hygiene and skills.


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