International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 3 ( May-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles


Estimation of the Intercanine Width, Intermolar Width, Arch Length, and Arch Perimeter and Its Comparison in 12–17-year-old Children of Faridabad

Saumya Singh, Bhavna G Saraf, KR Indushekhar

Keywords : Maxillary central incisor, Maxillary first molar, Primary dentition

Citation Information : Singh S, Saraf BG, Indushekhar K. Estimation of the Intercanine Width, Intermolar Width, Arch Length, and Arch Perimeter and Its Comparison in 12–17-year-old Children of Faridabad. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021; 14 (3):369-375.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1957

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-09-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Context: Dental arch morphology is an important consideration in the orthodontic treatment of dentofacial deformities. The size and shape of the arches have considerable implications in treatment planning, affecting space available, dental esthetics, and stability of dentition. The data provided by this study will be of considerable importance and relevance for practicing orthodontists and pedodontists in the region of Faridabad Aim and objective: This study aims to determine and compare the intercanine width, intermolar width, arch length, and arch perimeter in the early adolescent group (12–14 years) and middle adolescent group (15–17 years) of Faridabad. Materials and methods: Maxillary and mandibular impressions were made, study casts were prepared then the measurement of the individual intercanine widths, intermolar widths, arch length of maxillary and mandibular casts with the digital caliper, and arch perimeter with the help of brass wire was taken, obtained values were calculated, hence the results were evaluated. Statistical analysis: Data were entered into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. It was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. Graphs were prepared using Microsoft Excel. Data were normally distributed as tested using the Shapiro-Wilk W test (p value was <0.05). Inferential statistics were performed using independent Student's t-test. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Results: In the present study, all the parameters measured were increased in males in both the age-groups, i.e., the early adolescent group (12–14 years) and the mid adolescent group (15–17 years), and a significant increase was seen in the intercanine and intermolar widths in males.

  1. Sodhi JS, Sodhi SK. An evaluation of arch form and dimension in a local population in southern India. Indian J Dent Sci 2015;7(3):12–16.
  2. Shahroudi AS, Etezadi T. Correlation between dental arch width and sagittal dento-skeletal morphology in untreated adults. J Dent (Tehran) 2013;10(6):522–531.
  3. Rahbar MI, Chaudhry NA, Arfan-UI-Haq. Dental crowding and its relationship to arch dimensions-gender dimorphism. Pakistan Oral Dent J 2010;30(2).
  4. Amin F, Bakhari F, Alam R. Relationship among intercanine width, intermolar width and arch length in upper and lower arches. Pakistan Oral Dent J 2012;32(1):92–95.
  5. Moyers RE. Handbook of orthodontics. 4th ed., Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers; 1998.
  6. Lara-Carrillo E, González-Pérez JC, Kubodera-Ito T, et al. Dental arch morphology of Mazahua and Mestizo teenagers from Central Mexico. Brazil J Oral Sci 2009;8(2):92–96.
  7. Louly F, Nouer PRA, Janson G, et al. Dental arch dimensions in the mixed dentition: a study of Brazilian children from 9 to 12 years of. Age 2011;19(2):169–174. DOI: 10.1590/s1678-77572011000200014.
  8. Qamar ChR, Riaz M, Awan SM. Dental arch widths in class I normal occlusion and class II division 1 malocclusion. Pakistan Oral Dent J 2012;32(2):241–243.
  9. Bishara SE, Jakobsen JR, Treder J, et al. Arch length changes from 6 weeks to 45 years. Angle Orthodontist 1998;68(1):69–74. DOI: 10.1043/0003-3219(1998)0682.3.CO;2.
  10. Barrow GV, White JR. Developmental changes of the maxillary and mandibular dental arches. Angle Orthodontist 1952;22(1):41–46.
  11. Yavuz I, Oktay H. Changes in the dental arches that occurred in transition from mixed dentitions to permanent dentitions: a longitudinal study. Ataturk Univ, Dis Hek Fak Deng 2006;16(1): 8–13.
  12. Mills LF. Arch width, arch length and tooth size in young adult males. Angle Orthod 1964;34(2):124–129
  13. Grewe JM. Intercanine width variability in American Indian children. Angle Orthod 1970;40(4):353–358. DOI: 10.1043/0003-3219(1970)0402.0.CO;2.
  14. Younes SAES. Maxillary arch dimensions in Saudi and Egyptian population sample. Am J Orthod 1984;85(1):83–88. DOI: 10.1016/0002-9416(84)90126-X.
  15. Hassanali J, Odhiambo JW. Analysis of dental casts of 6-8 and 12-year-old Kenyan children. Eur J Orthod 2000;22(1):135–142. DOI: 10.1093/ejo/22.2.135
  16. Sangwan S, Chawla HS, Goyal A, et al. Progressive changes in arch width from primary to early mixed dentition period: A longitudinal study. J Ind Soc Pedodont Prevent Dent 2011;29(1):14.
  17. Sinclair PM. Little RM. Maturation of untreated normal occlusions. Am J Orthod 1983;83(2):114–123. DOI: 10.1016/s0002-9416(83) 90296-8.
  18. Staley RN, Stuntz WR, Peterson LC. A comparison of arch widths in adults with normal occlusion and adults with class ii, division 1 malocclusion. Am J Orthod 1985;88(2):163–169. DOI: 10.1016/0002-9416(85)90241-6.
  19. Ogodescu AE, Tudor A, Szabo K, et al. Longitudinal changes of dental arches in growing children. Jurnalul Pediatrului. 2011 Jul 1;14.
  20. Harris EF. A longitudinal study untreated adults of arch size and form in untreated adults. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop 1997;111(4):419–427. DOI: 10.1016/s0889-5406(97)80024-8.
  21. Moorrees CFA, Chadha MJ. Available space to the incisors during dental development. Angle Orthod 1965;35:12–22. DOI: 10.1043/0003-3219(1965)0352.0.CO;2.
  22. Tibana RHW, Palagi LM, Miguel JAM. Changes in dental arch measurements of young adults with normal occlusion—a longitudinal study. Angle Orthod 2004;74(5):618–623. DOI: 10.1043/0003-3219(2004)0742.0.CO;2.
  23. Carter GA, McNamara JA. Longitudinal dental arch changes in adults. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1998;114(1):88–99. DOI: 10.1016/s0889-5406(98)70243-4.
  24. Vego L. A longitudinal study of mandibular arch perimeter. Angle Orthod 1962;32(3):187–192.
  25. Forster CM, Sunga E, Chung CH. Relationship between dental arch width and vertical facial morphology in untreated adults. Eur J Orthod 2008;30(3):288–294. DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjm113.
  26. Raberin M, Laumon B, Martin JL, et al. Dimensions and form of dental arches in subjects with normal occlusions. Am J Orthodont Dentofac Orthoped 1993;104(1):67–72.
  27. Jindal R, Dua R, Bunger E. Sex determination using arch width in North Indian (Punjab) population. Int Dent J Stud Res 2013;2:10–14.
  28. Lavelle CL, Foster TD, Flinn RM. Dental arches in various ethnic groups. The Angle Orthodontist 1971;41(4):293–299.
  29. Bishara S, Treder J, Jakobsen JR. Facial and dental changes in adulthood. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop 1994;106(2):175–186. DOI: 10.1016/S0889-5406(94)70036-2.
  30. Bishara SE, Bayati P, Jakobsen JR. longitudinal comparisons of dental arch changes in normal and untreated class II, division I subjects and their clinical implications. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop 1996;110(5):483–489. DOI: 10.1016/S0889-5406(96)70054-9.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.