Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in schoolchildren.
Materials and methods: In this study a questionnaire taken as part of RDC/TMD of the samples on TMD symptoms. The samples were school students, who were of the age range 15–17 years old (n = 396), 200 are males and 196 are females. All from eight randomly selected schools. They were asked to answer the questionnaire in their classrooms.
Results: The prevalence of periauricular pain was 29.0%. More males were affected by TMD than females and most of the affected students were of ages 16 and 17 years old. Severe depression occurs in 69.6% of the affected students with periauricular pain. Periauricular pain resulted in low disability low-intensity pain (grade I) in 64.9%.
Conclusion: Based on the results obtained it can be concluded that: (1) Data obtained from the questionnaire identified a nearly lower percentage of TMD in schoolchildren than most of the studies published in the literature; (2) Comparing with females, males with TMD had a higher disability, depression, and non-specific symptoms with and without pain.
Clinical significance: Temporomandibular disorder in adolescents is relatively high, in addition, the accompanying pain and depression that is high to worsen the condition.
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