International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2021 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Parental Awareness and Knowledge toward their Children\'s Oral Health in the City of Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Fatimah Saud Alshammari, Rehab Ali Alshammari, Motieah Hathal Alshammari, Malak Farraj Alshammari, Azhar Khairallah Alibrahim, Faisal Abdullah Al sineedi, Khlood Abdulkader Alkurdi, Abdullah Faraj Alshammari

Keywords : Dammam region, Dental health, Parental awareness, Saudi Arabia

Citation Information : Alshammari FS, Alshammari RA, Alshammari MH, Alshammari MF, Alibrahim AK, Al sineedi FA, Alkurdi KA, Alshammari AF. Parental Awareness and Knowledge toward their Children\'s Oral Health in the City of Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021; 14 (1):100-103.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1894

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 14-07-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Two main factors have a great influence on the youth\'s oral well-being. These are their dental health and age. These two factors are significantly directed by parents through establishing a system of proper oral hygiene and a preventative routine for those young adults. Aim and objective: The following study was run in the Dammam region, Saudi Arabia, to assess guardian awareness of youngster\'s dental health. Materials and methods: This community-based study was designed in a cross-sectional pattern, where a sample size of 248 parents who fulfilled inclusion criteria was selected and a well-designed validated questionnaire was used for the collected database using SPSS (VER. 24). Results: The main found included that, about 51% of participants were fathers and 49% were mothers, 90% of them above the age of 26 years old and most of the participants had a secondary certificate or university degree, 38% and 45%, respectively, only 64% of parents have checked their children teeth, the average of overall knowledge of parents toward dental health was medium 7.97 points out of 16.0 points and there was a statistically significant relationship between parents type, educational level, and overall knowledge related to oral health. Conclusion: From our study, it was acknowledged that the perception of children\'s oral health status by their parents in the Dammam region is relatively medium, so general awareness of parents’ knowledge should be raised by conducting effective oral health programs and interventions.


PDF Share
  1. Harris N, Garcia-Godoy F, Nielsen, et al. Primary preventive dentistry. 8th ed., New Jersey: Pearson; 2014.
  2. Newman M, Takei H, Klokkevold P, et al. Carranza's clinical periodontology. 12th ed., Missouri: Elsevier; 2015.
  3. Kagihara LE, Niederhauser VP, Stark M. Assessment, management, and prevention of early childhood caries. J Am Acad Nurse Pract 2009;21(1):1–10. DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-7599.2008.00367.x.
  4. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry Council on Clinical Affairs. Policy on early childhood caries (ECC): classifications, consequences, and preventive strategies. Pediatr Dent 2008;30: 40–43.
  5. Skrīvele S, Care R, Bērziņa S, et al. Caries and its risk factors in young children in five different countries. Stomatologija 2013;15(2): 39–46.
  6. Beal JF, Dickson S. Parental awareness of the dental needs of 5-year-old children in the West Midlands, England. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1974;2(3):91–94. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.1974. tb01664.x.
  7. Nuhu A, Sheikh Mohammad A, Naima N, et al. Evaluation of dental caries awareness among the parents of school going children in Dhaka city. Bangladesh Dental College J 2011;2:21–26.
  8. Chhabra N, Chhabra A. Parental knowledge, attitudes and cultural beliefs regarding oral health and dental care of preschool children in an Indian population: a quantitative study. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2012;13(2):76–82. DOI: 10.1007/BF03262848.
  9. Vanagas G, Milasauskiene Z, Grabauskas V, et al. Associations between parental skills and their attitudes toward importance to develop good oral hygiene skills in their children. Medicina (Kaunas) 2009;45(9):718–723. DOI: 10.3390/medicina45090094.
  10. Saied-Moallemi Z, Virtanen J, Ghofranipour F, et al. Influence of mothers’ oral health knowledge and attitudes on their children's dental health. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2008;9(2):79–83. DOI: 10.1007/BF03262614.
  11. Al-Saad S, Al-Bokhamseen M, Al-Shalan T. Saudi parents’ knowledge about the importance of children's primary teeth and prevention of dental diseases in Al-Ahsa region, Saudi Arabia. Pak J Orthod Pediatr Community Dent 2002;1:53–56.
  12. Al-Shalan TA, Al-Musa BA, Al-Khamis AM. Parents’ attitude towards children's first dental visit in the college of dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2002;23(9):1110–1114.
  13. Schroth RJ, Brothwell DJ, Moffatt MEK. Caregiver knowledge and attitudes of preschool oral health and early childhood caries (ECC). Int J Circumpolar Health 2007;66(2):153–167. DOI: 10.3402/ijch.v66i2.18247.
  14. Azevedo MS, Romano AR, Dos Santos Ida S, et al. Knowledge and beliefs concerning early childhood caries from mothers of children ages zero to 12 months. Pediatr Dent 2014;36:95–99.
  15. Moimaz SA, Fadel CB, Lolli LF, et al. Social aspects of dental caries in the context of mother-child pairs. J Appl Oral Sci 2014;22(1):73–78. DOI: 10.1590/1678-775720130122.
  16. Gao XL, Hsu CYS, Xu Y. Building caries risk assessment models for children. J Dent Res 2010;89(6):637–643. DOI: 10.1177/0022034510364489.
  17. Kim Seow W. Environmental, maternal, and child factors which contribute to early childhood caries: a unifying conceptual model. Int J Paediatr Dent 2012;22(3):157–168. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2011.01186.x.
  18. Suresh BS, Ravishankar TL, Chaitra TR, et al. Mother's knowledge about pre-school child's oral health. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2010;28(4):282–287. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.76159.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.