International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Comparison of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Four Different Plant Extracts against Cariogenic Bacteria: An In Vitro Study

Amit Rai, Bhawana Jain

Citation Information : Rai A, Jain B. Comparison of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Four Different Plant Extracts against Cariogenic Bacteria: An In Vitro Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020; 13 (4):361-367.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1796

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 09-10-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: Dental caries is an oral disease which is infectious in nature associated with various pathogenic microorganisms and is prevalent across the world. Aim: To evaluate and compare the anticariogenic properties of the different plant extracts against various cariogenic microorganisms. Materials and methods: In phase I, the anticariogenic efficacy of four different herbal extracts, namely Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi), Terminalia chebula (Harad), Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi), and Glycyrrhiza glabra (Licorice), was evaluated against two strains of bacteria viz. Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus. In the second phase of the study, the overall decay depth was compared. Results: In phase I, zone of inhibition was significantly higher in G. glabra (Licorice) followed the descending order by O. sanctum (Tulsi), T. chebula (Harad), and T. cordifolia (Guduchi), respectively. In the second phase, it was found that the decay depth was significantly higher in T. cordifolia (Guduchi) followed the descending order by T. chebula (Harad), O. sanctum (Tulsi), and G. glabra (Licorice), respectively. Conclusion: Glycyrrhiza glabra (Licorice) extract had potent antibacterial efficacy against S. mutans and L. acidophilus. Clinical significance: Synthetic drugs have many adverse effects, so more attention has been paid to natural remedies because they are safe and effective. Today, the main interest is shifted toward the drugs which is derived from plants, which has led to the screening of many herbal plants for their potential antimicrobial activity and the same can be used clinically as an alternative of synthetic drugs used in dentistry.


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