International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 2 ( March-April, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Distribution of School Children Based on the Type of Terminal Plane in Primary Dentition: A Study among 3- to 5-year-old Children in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Vijayakumar Anu, Bellamkonda Pavani, Dornadula Pavani, Beatrice JX Liana, Firdose A Lubna, Yalagala V Saikrishna

Keywords : Dental occlusion, Distal step, Mesial step, Primary dentition, Primary malocclusion, Terminal plane

Citation Information : Anu V, Pavani B, Pavani D, Liana BJ, Lubna FA, Saikrishna YV. Distribution of School Children Based on the Type of Terminal Plane in Primary Dentition: A Study among 3- to 5-year-old Children in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020; 13 (2):136-137.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1722

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 23-07-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Background: This study was aimed to investigate the prevalence of primary malocclusion among school children under 5 years of age in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Materials and methods: A total of 814 school children under 5 years were selected from 5 government and 5 private schools in Chennai city, Tamil Nadu, India, and their occlusion was recorded based on the terminal planes. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 software. Frequency distribution and Chi-square test were carried out. Results: The most common occlusion seen in the present study was flush terminal plane (54.05%). Of them, 43.73% had mesial step and 2.08% had distal step. There was no significant difference between males and females. Conclusion: The signs of future malocclusion are found to be high. Hence, early preventive and interceptive measures are necessary to reduce the prevalence of future developing malocclusion and further adverse effects.

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