Oral Hygiene Behavior of School Children in Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Survey
Subramania PK Kannan, Suliman F Alfahaid, Abdulaziz S Alharbi, Bader S Almutairi, Abdulrahman H Alanazi, Fahad A Alsaab, Saud S Alatallah, Sami D Aldhuwayhi
Attitude, Dental caries, Dentistry for children, Knowledge, Oral hygiene practice
Citation Information :
Kannan SP, Alfahaid SF, Alharbi AS, Almutairi BS, Alanazi AH, Alsaab FA, Alatallah SS, Aldhuwayhi SD. Oral Hygiene Behavior of School Children in Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Survey. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020; 13 (1):66-71.
Aim: Oral health is an integral part of general health, and good knowledge and oral hygiene practices are the key to achieving oral health. This study assessed the knowledge, attitude, and oral hygiene practices of school children in Saudi Arabia and the need for dental health education and intervention. Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among male school children (n = 451), aged 6–12 years, in the Al-Zulfi region of Saudi Arabia. Participants were included in this study using one-stage cluster sampling. The subjects completed a questionnaire, and the oral hygiene index-simplified was recorded. The collected data were statistically analyzed using SPSS version 21. Results: Only 41.9% of the children had good oral hygiene. Of the sampled children, 72.7% used a toothbrush and toothpaste, but only 2.2% were aware of dental floss; 62.7% children brushed for 1–2 minutes and had good oral hygiene, but 55.9% of children had no knowledge about periodontal health. Only 30.1% parents observed their children during tooth brushing. Conclusion: Use of a toothbrush and toothpaste is the most commonly used and most effective oral hygiene aid. Brushing twice a day for 1–2 minutes seems to be effective. Oral health care education should be included in the school curriculum, and a parental awareness program is needed to emphasize their role in the dental health of their children.
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