International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 6 ( November-December, 2019 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

One-year Clinical Evaluation of Retention Ability and Anticaries Effect of a Glass Ionomer-based and a Resin-based Fissure Sealant on Permanent First Molars: An In Vivo Study

Sheeja R Mathew, Retna K Narayanan, Kannan Vadekkepurayil, Jeeva Puthiyapurayil

Keywords : Anticaries effect, Fissure sealant, Marginal discoloration, Retention

Citation Information : Mathew SR, Narayanan RK, Vadekkepurayil K, Puthiyapurayil J. One-year Clinical Evaluation of Retention Ability and Anticaries Effect of a Glass Ionomer-based and a Resin-based Fissure Sealant on Permanent First Molars: An In Vivo Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2019; 12 (6):553-559.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1702

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: To evaluate and compare the retention ability, anticaries effect and marginal discoloration when sealed with a glass ionomer-based sealant (Fusion i-seal) and a resin-based fissure sealant (Helioseal-F) on permanent first molars. Materials and methods: Caries free, fully erupted permanent first molars of 50 children between 6 years and 8 years were sealed with pit and fissure sealants under rubber dam isolation. Glass ionomer-based sealant was applied on a permanent first molar and the contralateral molar with resin-based sealant. The sealants were evaluated at regular intervals for a period of 1 year. Statistical analysis was done by Chi-square test. Results: Higher retention rates were noted for resin-based sealant (88%) compared to glass ionomer-based sealant (78%). None of the teeth sealed with resin sealant developed caries whereas 2% of teeth sealed with glass ionomer sealant developed caries. Marginal discoloration was not noted in teeth sealed with glass ionomer sealant whereas slight marginal discoloration was noted for 6% of teeth sealed with resin sealant. Conclusion: Clinically a difference was noted in the retention rate, anticaries effect and marginal discoloration whereas statistically no significant difference was noted for the two sealants after 1 year. Clinical significance: Pit and fissure sealants are highly effective and economical in preventing occlusal caries in young permanent tooth with low failure rate.


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