Assessing the Association between Dental Caries and Nutritional Status in Children from the Brazilian State of Amazonas
Katia Vasconcelos, Silvane Evangelista, Raquel AB Silva, Sara Oliveira, Andre Dutra, Adriana Santos, Ananda Noronha, Leandro Belem, Lea Silva, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Erika Calvano Küchler
Children, Dental caries, Obesity
Citation Information :
Vasconcelos K, Evangelista S, Silva RA, Oliveira S, Dutra A, Santos A, Noronha A, Belem L, Silva L, Nelson-Filho P, Küchler EC. Assessing the Association between Dental Caries and Nutritional Status in Children from the Brazilian State of Amazonas. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2019; 12 (4):293-296.
Aim: To evaluate the association between dental caries and nutritional status in a group of Brazilian schoolchildren, from Manaus. The studied population consisted of 197 students (10–12-year-olds) from public schools at Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.
Materials and methods: A clinical examination was carried out and the decay-missing-filled-teeth index for primary and permanent teeth (dmft and DMFT) was used to evaluate dental caries. Body mass index Z-score was calculated using variables such as individual height, weight, age, and gender. The nutritional status was classified as underweight, eutrophic, overweight, and obese. One-way ANOVA and Tukey’s posttests were used for means’ comparison between groups. The established alpha was 5%.
Results: Eighty-one (41.1%) children were caries-free. Five (2.5%) children were underweight; 127 (64.5%) were eutrophic; 49 (24.9%) were overweight; and 16 (8.1%) were obese. The mean dmft/DMFT index was 1.67 (2.05). Obese children had more caries experience than eutrophic and overweight children (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that dental caries is associated with obesity in school children from Manaus.
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