Citation Information :
Reddy KS, Reddy NV, Reddy MA, Danaeswari V, Noorjahan M. Oral Health Status and Treatment Needs among Hemophilic Children in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2019; 12 (1):30-32.
Aims and objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the dental caries stratus and treatment needs of hemophilic children with that of healthy and normal children.
Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 60 subjects with age ranging from 7-16 years attending and registering their names, residential address, parental occupation, and other criteria in Hemophilic Society at the Telangana state. The oral hygiene status was recorded by using oral hygiene index-simplified (OHI-S). Teeth affected by dental caries and teeth restored/extracted as sequale of dental caries were assessed using decayed, missed, filled tooth (DEFT) and DMFT for primary and permanent dentition, respectively.
Statistical analysis: Data were analyzed by means of SPSS, version 21.0, and the Chi-square test and the Kruskal-Wallis test.
Results: The mean oral hygiene index simplified scores were 1.28 in 7-9 years and 1.87 in 13-16 years, respectively. The mean DMFT + DEFT of 7-9 years was 4.76 and for 13-16 years was 3.11 highest mean DMFT + DEFT 4.76 was recorded in the 7-9 years age group.
Conclusion: The present study showed that oral hygiene status of hemophilic children was poor and treatment requirement was high among hemophilic children. The overall prevalence of dental caries was 73.3% and the treatment needs were 93.90%.
Gomes-Moreno G, Cutando-Soriono A, et al. Heriditory blood coagulation disorders; management band treatment. Dent Res 2005;84:778–785.
Scully C, Cawson RA. Medical problems in dentistry, 5th edn. London: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2005.
Abrisham M, Tabrizizadeh M, et al. Knowledge of oral hygiene among hemophilic patients referred to Iranian hemophilia society. J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects 2009;3:60–63. DOI: 10.5681/joddd.2009.014.
Sudhir KM, Prasanth GM, et al. Prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis among 13–15 year old children of an area known for endemic fluorosis; Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2009;27:190–196. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.57651.
Klein H, Palmer CE, et al. Studies on dental caries. I. Dental status and dental needs of elementary school children. JADA 1938;25:1703–1705. DOI: 10.2307/4582532.
Greene JC, Vermillion JR. The oral hygiene index: a method for classifying oral hygiene status. JADA 1960;61:172–179.
Sudhanshu S, Shashikiran ND. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among hemophilic children of Kota city, Rajasthan. Ann Ess Dent 2010 Apr–Jun;2(2):18–21. DOI: 10.5368/aedj.2010.2.2.18-21.pdf.
Boyd D, Kinirons M. Dental caries experience of children with hemophilia in northern Ireland. Int J Pediatr Dent 1997;7:149–153. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-263X.1997.00231.x.
Kabil N, Alfy MEL, et al. Evaluation of the oral health situation of a group of Egyptian haemophilic children and their re-evaluation following an oral hygiene and diet education programme. Haemophilia 2007;13:287–292. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2007.01440.x.
Sonbol H, Pelargidou M, et al. Dental health indices and cariesrelated microflora in children with severe haemophilia. Hemophilia 2001;7:468–474. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2516.2001.00536.x.
Zwain AMH, Ameen MMA. Oral health status and caries related microflora among children with congenital coagulation disorders comparative study. Journal of Babylon/Pure and Applied Science 2012;20(1):335–342.
Zaliuniene R, Alesksejuniene J, et al. Dental health and diseases in patients with hemophilia – A case – control study. Hemophilia 2014;20:e194–e198. DOI: 10.1111/hae.12325.
Evangelista LM, Lima CCB, et al. Oral health in children and adolescents with hemophilia. Hemophilia 2015 May;21(6):778–783. DOI: 10.1111/hae.12717.
Rodrigues MJ, Luna AC, et al. Prevalence of dental caries and factors associated with caries in hemophilias. Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter 2008;30(2):114–119.