Factors influencing Patients’ Utilization of Dental Health Services in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Mir FA Quadri, Fatimahi AM Jafari, Alanood TS Albeshri, Abdulaziz M Zailai
Health services, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Oral health
Citation Information :
Quadri MF, Jafari FA, Albeshri AT, Zailai AM. Factors influencing Patients’ Utilization of Dental Health Services in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018; 11 (1):29-33.
Introduction: One way of prevention and early detection of oral diseases is by utilizing the dental health care services on a regular basis. The current study aims to know the factors that play a role in influencing the dental service utilization in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey using a selfadministered questionnaire was designed and implemented. Study subjects comprised of patients visiting the dental clinics at Jazan University and the primary dental centers of five different suburbs in Jazan region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Items in the questionnaire were grouped into three sections; “demographic details,” “self-reported dental visits,” and “potential factors” contributing to dental visits. Chi-square p-value of 0.05 or less was considered as significant and logistic regression with 95% confidence interval (CI) was performed to get more precise results.
Results: The sample size was 395 (N) of which 44.8% were males and 53.4% were females. Less than half (45.8%) of the studied sample reported that their last visit to a dentist was within a span of one year and 33% of them think that a dentist should only be visited if they experience pain. Patients following instructions given by a dentist were 7 times [odds ratio (OR) = 0.13; CI = 0.04, 0.40] less likely to miss their regular dental appointments. Following this, patients receiving knowledge on their dental problems were seen to be twice (OR = 0.50; CI = 0.25, 0.98) less likely to be irregular with their dental visits. Finally, the patients who are better educated and literate were also 2 times (OR = 2.21; CI = 1.14, 4.28) more likely to be regular with their dental appointments in comparison with the patients who completed just their primary level education.
Conclusion: Findings of this study will facilitate future oral health prevention programs to be more focused, thereby reducing the gap between high and low educated sectors of the population residing in Jazan.
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