International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2018 ) > List of Articles


Association of Breastfeeding Duration, Nonnutritive Sucking Habits, and Malocclusion

Marina G Roscoe, Sara V da Silva Bonifácio, Teddy B da Silva, João MS Pingueiro, Maurilo M Lemos, Murilo FN Feres

Keywords : Breastfeeding, Malocclusion, Nonnutritive sucking habits, Orthodontics

Citation Information : Roscoe MG, Bonifácio SV, Silva TB, Pingueiro JM, Lemos MM, Feres MF. Association of Breastfeeding Duration, Nonnutritive Sucking Habits, and Malocclusion. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018; 11 (1):18-22.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1477

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).


Aim: This study aimed to investigate the associations between breastfeeding, nonnutritive sucking habits (NNSHs), and malocclusion in deciduous, mixed, and permanent dentition. Materials and methods: A sample of 50 children between 3 and 12 years, enrolled in a pediatric dentistry dental care program, underwent orthodontic examination for detection of occlusal patterns and malocclusion. In addition, data regarding breastfeeding duration and NNSH acquisition were obtained from standardized questionnaires responded by the children's parents or legal guardians. Results: Regardless of a long period of breastfeeding, a high incidence of NNSH in the evaluated sample was observed. Nevertheless, the presence of NNSHs was not significantly associated with malocclusion. Conclusion: The findings could not indicate a statistically significant association between breastfeeding duration, acquisition of NNSHs, and malocclusion. Longitudinal studies with larger samples are still needed to better support clinical decisions.

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