International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 1 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Evaluation of Remineralization Potential of Beverages modified with Casein Phosphopeptide–Amorphous Calcium Phosphate on Primary and Permanent Enamel: A Laser Profiler Study

Meera Sandhu, Nitya Rai, Rina Sharma

Keywords : Carbonated beverages, Casein phosphopeptide– amorphous calcium phosphate, Erosion, Remineralization

Citation Information : Sandhu M, Rai N, Sharma R. Evaluation of Remineralization Potential of Beverages modified with Casein Phosphopeptide–Amorphous Calcium Phosphate on Primary and Permanent Enamel: A Laser Profiler Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018; 11 (1):7-12.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1475

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-02-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Purpose: To assess the erosive potential of carbonated beverages and the remineralization potential of beverages with added casein phosphopeptide–amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste on primary and permanent enamel. Materials and methods: A total of 32 primary and 32 permanent enamel specimens were immersed for 5, 10, and 30 minutes, respectively, in beverages, i.e., Coke, Sprite, Mirinda, and Mountain Dew, with and without added 0.2% CPP-ACP. Samples were profiled before immersion and after immersion under laser profiler. Results: Coke was found to be highly erosive at it caused significant enamel erosion at both 10 and 30 minutes of immersion (p < 0.05) for both primary and permanent enamel. The 30-minute immersion caused significant amount of remineralization over primary enamel in all groups, whereas permanent enamel remineralization was significant in Sprite and Mountain Dew at 30 minutes in all the groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that enamel erosion occurred after immersion in carbonated beverages. Remineralization of enamel was observed after immersion in beverages modified with CPP-ACP paste. Primary enamel was susceptible to remineralization compared with permanent enamel. Within the limitations of this in vitro study, the application of CPP-ACP paste may enhance the remineralization after an erosive challenge and thus offer some protection for patients who are at risk for erosion.


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